Job 31:1-40 to Job 32:1-22
Job Chapter 31
With what did Job make a covenant? (1) What is he saying?
What do you think about that?
In what did Job want to be weighed? (6) Why?
What are some sins Job recognized deserved punishment if he had done them?
Why do you think he brought this up?
If Job had lifted his hand against the fatherless what punishment did he feel he deserved? (21-22)
What did Job wish God would do and Why, according to these verses? (1-40)
Based on the evidence Job supplied in his own defense, what kind of man was he in these verses? (1-40)
Job Chapter 32
Why did the three men cease to answer Job? (1)
Why was Elihu angry with Job? (2) What does this mean?
Why was Elihu angry with Job’s friends? (3-5) What is being said?
Why was Elihu at first afraid to give his opinion? (6-7)
What do great and aged men not necessarily possess? (9) What do you think about that?
Discus ion Questions
1. What does it mean to be on defense with the world around us?
2. When is a good time to give or not to give our opinion?
3. How would someone know if we are wise?
Job 31:1 I made - So far have I been from any gross wickedness, that I have abstained from the least occasions and appearances of evil.
***Job 31:2 For what portion of God is there from above? - Though I have not, in this or in any other respect, wickedly departed from God, yet what reward have I received?
***Job 31:3 Is not destruction to the wicked - If I had been guilty of such secret hypocritical proceedings, professing faith in the true God while in eye and heart an idolater, would not such a worker of iniquity be distinguished by a strange and unheard-of punishment?
***Job 31:6 Let me be weighed in an even balance - Margin, him weigh me in balances of justice. That is, let him ascertain exactly my character, and treat me accordingly. If on trial it be found that I am guilty in this respect, I consent to be punished accordingly. Scales or balances are often used as emblematic of justice. Many suppose, however, that this verse is a parenthesis, and that the imprecation in Job_31:8, relates to Job_31:5, as well as to Job_31:7. But most probably the meaning is, that he consented to have his life tried in this respect in the most exact and rigid manner, and was willing to abide the result. A man may express such a consciousness of integrity in his dealings with others, without any improper self-reliance or boasting. It may be a simple fact of which he may be certain, that he has never meant to defraud any man.
***Job 31:11 For this is a heinous crime - Mr. Good translates, “For this would be a premeditated crime, And a profligacy of the understanding.” See also Job_31:28. That is, It would not only be a sin against the individuals more particularly concerned, but a sin of the first magnitude against society; and one of which the civil magistrate should take particular cognizance, and punish as justice requires.
Job 31:21 When - When I saw I could influence the judges to do what I pleased.
**Job 31:40 Let thistles grow; - Gen_3:18. Thistles are valueless; and Job is so confident of entire innocence in regard to this, that he says he would be willing, if he were guilty, to have his whole land overrun with noxious weeds. And cockle - Cockle is a well known herb that gets into wheat or other grain. It has a bluish flower, and small black seed, and is injurious because it tends to discolor the flour. It is not certain by any means, however, that this is intended here. The margin is, noisome weeds. The Hebrew word באשׁה bo'shâh is from באשׁ bâ'ash, “to have a bad smell, to stink,” and was given to the weed here referred to on that account, compare Isa_34:3. The cockle however, has no unpleasant odor, and the word here probably means noxious weeds. So it is rendered by Herder and by Noyes. The Septuagint has βάτος batos, bramble; the Vulgate, spina, thorn; Prof. Lee, prunus sylvestris, “a bramble resembling the hawthorn;” Schultens, labrusca, wild vine. The words of Job are ended - That is, in the present speech or argument; his discussions with his friends are closed. He spoke afterward, as recorded in the subsequent chapters, but not in controversy with them. He had vindicated his character, sustained his positions, and they had nothing to reply. The remainder of the book is occupied mainly with the speech of Elihu, and with the solemn and sublime address which God himself makes.
Job 32:1 Because - So they said: but they could not answer him.
Job 32:2 The Buzite - Of the posterity of Buz, Nahor's son, Gen_22:21. Ram - Or, of Aram; for Ram and Aram are used promiscuously; compare 2Ki_8:28; 2Ch_22:5. His pedigree is thus particularly described, partly for his honour, as being both a wise and good man, and principally to evidence the truth of this history. He justified - Himself not without reflection upon God, as dealing severely with him, he took more care to maintain his own innocency, than God's glory. The word Elihu signifies, my God is he. They had all tried in vain to convince Job: but my God is he who both can and will do it.
*Job 32:4 Now Elihu had waited till Job had spoken,.... Made an end of speaking, until he had thus expressed himself, "the words of Job are ended", Job_31:40, and waited likewise until his three friends had said all they had to say, and which is here supposed and implied, as appears by what follows: because they were elder than he; it may be added, from the original text, "in", or "as two days" (l); they had lived longer in the world than he, and therefore did not take upon him to speak till they had done; he, as became a young man, was swift to hear, and slow to speak; that they were old men, appears from what Eliphaz says, Job_15:10.
*Job 32:5 When Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men,.... That could be called an answer; nay, when he perceived they were quite nonplussed and silenced, though men of years and experience, and reputed wise and knowing: then his wrath was kindled; his spirit was stirred up; his heart was hot within him; he burned with anger against those men; he was all on fire, as it were, and wanted to vent his resentment.
Job 32:6 Afraid - Of being thought forward and presumptuous.
***Job 32:9 Great men are not always wise - This is a true saying, which the experience of every age and every country increasingly verifies. And it is most certain that, in the case before us, the aged did not understand judgment; they had a great many wise and good sayings, which they had collected, but showed neither wisdom nor discretion in applying them.
***Job 32:16 When I had waited - I waited to hear if they had any thing to reply to Job; and when I found them in effect speechless, then I ventured to come forward.
**Job 32:20 I will speak, that I may be refreshed - Margin, “breathe.” The meaning is, that he would then have room to breathe again; he would feel relieved.
Job 32:22 I know not - The more closely we eye the majesty of God as our maker, the more we dread his wrath and justice, the less danger shall we be in of a sinful fearing or flattering of men.
* Gills Commentaries ** Barnes Commentaries *** Clarke's Commentaries
All others by Wesley