II Corinthians 11:16-33
When Paul boasted a little he spoke it not after whom? (17)
Who suffered fools gladly? (19) Read commentaries on verse 19 What is being said?
Not only did the Corinthians suffer (tolerate) fools. Name 5 other things they tolerated. (20)
What do you think about that?
When Paul wrote “I am bold also” how does he say he was speaking? (21) What is he saying?
2. Verses 22-33 What 3 terms does Paul use to prove his lineage? (22) Why say this?
In verse 23 What contrast is Paul making? (23) What do you think about that?
How many times did Paul receive 39 stripes of the Jews? (24)
How many times was Paul beaten with rods, shipwrecked and stoned? (25)
What do you think about that?
In Paul’s many journeys list the perils (dangers) he endured as found in: (26)
Besides weariness and painfulness, in watching often, list what else Paul endured for the cause: (27)
“besides the things outside conspiring against me daily” what other care rested upon Paul? (28)
What is the context for verses 24-28? (24-28) What do you think about that?
Finish this quote, “If I must need glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine ______.” (30)
To whose knowledge does Paul refer as proof of his sufferings for the cause of Christ? (31)
What did the governor in Damascus desire to do to Paul? (32)
Who was king when the governor of Damascus tried to apprehend Paul? (32)
How did Paul escape from the City of Damascus? (33) What do you think about that?
1. What motivated Paul to endure the sufferings he encountered?
2 Corinthians 11:16 I say again - He premises a new apology to this new commendation of himself. Let no man think me a fool - Let none think I do this without the utmost necessity. But if any do think me foolish herein, yet bear with my folly.
2 Corinthians 11:17 I speak not after the Lord - Not by an express command from him; though still under the direction of his Spirit. But as it were foolishly - In such a manner as many may think foolish.
***2 Corinthians 11:18 Seeing that many glory after the flesh - Boast of external and secular things.
*2 Corinthians 11:19 For ye suffer fools gladly - You tolerate or endure those who are really fools. This is perhaps, says Dr. Bloomfield, the most sarcastic sentence ever penned by the apostle Paul. Its sense is, “You profess to be wondrous wise. And yet you who are so wise a people, freely tolerate those who are foolish in their boasting; who proclaim their own merits and attainments. You may allow me, therefore, to come in for my share, and boast also, and thus obtain your favor.” Or it may mean, “You are so profoundly wise as easily to see who are fools. You have great power of discernment in this, and have found out that I am a fool, and also that other boasters are fools. Yet knowing this, you bear patiently with such fools; have admitted them to your favor and friendship, and I may come in among the rest of the fools, and partake also of your favors.” They had borne with the false apostles who had boasted of their endowments, and yet they claimed to be eminent for wisdom and discernment.
2 Corinthians 11:20 For ye suffer - Not only the folly, but the gross abuses, of those false apostles. If a man enslave you - Lord it over you in the most arbitrary manner. If he devour you - By his exorbitant demands; not - withstanding his boast of not being burdensome. If he take from you - By open violence. If he exalt himself - By the most unbounded self - commendation. If he smite you on the face - (A very possible case,) under pretence of divine zeal.
2 Corinthians 11:21 I speak with regard to reproach, as though we had been weak - I say, "Bear with me," even on supposition that the weakness be real which they reproach me with.
2 Corinthians 11:22 Are they Hebrews, Israelites, the seed of Abraham - These were the heads on which they boasted.
2 Corinthians 11:23 I am more so than they. In deaths often - Surrounding me in the most dreadful forms.
2 Corinthians 11:24 Five times I received from the Jews forty stripes save one - Which was the utmost that the law allowed. With the Romans he sometimes pleaded his privilege as a Roman; but from the Jews he suffered all things.
**2 Corinthians 11:25 Thrice was I beaten with rods - This was under the Roman government, as their lictors beat criminals in this way. We hear of the apostle’s being treated thus once, namely at Philippi, Act_16:22. See Section 9 of the Introduction. Once was I stoned - Namely, at Lystra, Act_14:19, etc. A night and a day I have been in the deep - To what this refers we cannot tell; it is generally supposed that in some shipwreck not on record the apostle had saved himself on a plank, and was a whole day and night on the sea, tossed about at the mercy of the waves. Others think that βυθος, the deep, signifies a dungeon of a terrible nature at Cyzicum, in the Propontis, into which Paul was cast as he passed from Troas. But this is not likely.
**2 Corinthians 11:26 In journeyings often - Of course subject to the fatigue, toil, and danger which such a mode of life involves. In perils of waters - In danger of losing my life at sea, or by floods, or by crossing streams. Of robbers - Many of the countries, especially Arabia, through which he traveled, were then infested, as they are now, with robbers. It is not impossible or improbable that he was often attacked and his life endangered. It is still unsafe to travel in many of the places through which he traveled. By mine own countrymen - The Jews. They often scourged him; laid wait for him and were ready to put him to death. They had deep enmity against him as an apostate, and he was in constant danger of being put to death by them. By the pagan - By those who had not the true religion. Several instances of his danger from this quarter are mentioned in the Acts . In the city - In cities, as in Derbe. Lystra, Philippi, Jerusalem, Ephesus, etc. In the wilderness - In the desert, where he would be exposed to ambushes, or to wild beasts, or to hunger and want. Instances of this are not recorded in the Acts , but no one can doubt that they occurred, The idea here is, that he had met with constant danger wherever he was, whether in the busy haunts of people or in the solitude and loneliness of the desert. In the sea - see 2Co_11:25.
Among false brethren - This was the crowning danger and trial to Paul, as it is to all others. A man can better bear danger by land and water, among robbers and in deserts, than he can bear to have his confidence abused, and to be subjected to the action and the arts of spies upon his conduct. Who these were he has not informed us. He mentions it as the chief trial to which he had been exposed, that he had met those who pretended to be his friends, and who yet had sought every possible opportunity to expose and destroy him. Perhaps he has here a delicate reference to the danger which he apprehended from the false brethren in the church at Corinth.
2 Corinthians 11:27 In cold and nakedness - Having no place where to lay my head; no convenient raiment to cover me; yet appearing before noble - men, governors, kings; and not being ashamed.
2 Corinthians 11:28 Beside the things which are from without - Which I suffer on the account of others; namely, the care of all the churches - A more modest expression than if he had said, the care of the whole church. All - Even those I have not seen in the flesh. St. Peter himself could not have said this in so strong a sense.
2 Corinthians 11:29 Who - So he had not only the care of the churches, but of every person therein. Is weak, and I am not weak - By sympathy, as well as by condescension. Who is offended - Hindered in, or turned out of, the good way. And I burn not - Being pained as though I had fire in my bosom.
2 Corinthians 11:30 I will glory of the things that concern my infirmities - Of what shows my weakness, rather than my strength.
2 Corinthians 11:32 The governor under Aretas - King of Arabia and Syria of which Damascus was a chief city, willing to oblige the Jews, kept the city - Setting guards at all the gates day and night.
2 Corinthians 11:33 Through a window - Of an house which stood on the city wall.
* Gills Commentaries ** Barnes Commentaries *** Clarke’s Commentaries
All others by Wesley