Wednesday, November 15, 2017

II Corinthians 4:1-18

II Corinthians 4:1-18

1. Verses 1-6 What did Paul renounce and what did Paul not walk since he had this ministry? (1-2)

According to Paul to what class is the gospel hid? (3) Why?

Who has blinded the minds of them which believe not? (4) What does this mean?

What light does the god of this world wish unbelievers not to behold? (4) Why?

Who is the image of God? (4)

Who was the subject of Paul’s preaching? (5) What is Paul saying?

In what relationship does Paul represent himself when he preaches Christ? (5)

When Paul preached Christ and represented himself as a servant for whose sake does he do this? (5)

God commanded the Light to shine in Creation, where else does God’s light shine according to Paul? (6)

When God’s light shines in the hearts of man what light is given? (6) What does this mean?

2. Verses 7-15 What does the first word in verse seven a contrast to? (7)

Paul wrote he was “always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus.” Why? (10)

Unto what are the living always delivered? (11)

In whose behalf are the living always delivered unto death? (11) How?

It is written in the Old Testament “I believe and therefore I have spoken.” Who also stated he believed and therefore spoke? (13)

What reason does Paul give for believing he as well as the Corinthians would be resurrected? (14)

3. Verses 16-18 According to Paul, “the outward man perish” what is renewed day by day? (16)

How?

What worked a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory for Paul? (17)

Contrast things seen and unseen. (18) Which does Paul give the more consideration, things seen or unseen?

Discussion Questions

1. Are you an optimist or a pessimist?

2. What is your attitude when you encounter afflictions?



2 Corinthians 4:1 Therefore having this ministry - Spoken of, 2Co_3:6. As we have received mercy - Have been mercifully supported in all our trials. We faint not - We desist not in any degree from our glorious enterprise.
2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced - Set at open defiance. The hidden things of shame - All things which men need to hide, or to be ashamed of. Not walking in craftiness - Using no disguise, subtlety, guile. Nor privily corrupting the pure word of God - By any additions or alterations, or by attempting to accommodate it to the taste of the hearers.
2 Corinthians 4:3 But if our gospel also - As well as the law of Moses.
2 Corinthians 4:4 The God of this world - What a sublime and horrible description of Satan! He is indeed the god of all that believe not, and works in them with inconceivable energy. Hath blinded - Not only veiled, the eye of their understanding. Illumination - Is properly the reflection or propagation of light, from those who are already enlightened, to others. Who is the image of God - Hence also we may understand how great is the glory of Christ. He that sees the Son, sees the Father in the face of Christ. The Son exactly exhibits the Father to us.
2 Corinthians 4:5 For - The fault is not in us, neither in the doctrine they hear from us. We preach not ourselves - As able either to enlighten, or pardon, or sanctify you. But Jesus Christ - As your only wisdom, righteousness, sanctification. And ourselves your servants - Ready to do the meanest offices. For Jesus' sake - Not for honour, interest, or pleasure.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God hath shined in our hearts - The hearts of all those whom the god of this world no longer blinds. God who is himself our light; not only the author of light, but also the fountain of it. To enlighten us with the knowledge of the glory of God - Of his glorious love, and of his glorious image. In the face of Jesus Christ - Which reflects his glory in another manner than the face of Moses did.
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we - Not only the apostles, but all true believers. Have this treasure - Of divine light, love, glory. In earthen vessels - In frail, feeble, perishing bodies. He proceeds to show, that afflictions, yea, death itself, are so far from hindering the ministration of the Spirit, that they even further it, sharpen the ministers, and increase the fruit. That the excellence of the power, which works these in us, may undeniably appear to be of God.
2 Corinthians 4:8 We are troubled, &c. - The four articles in this verse respect inward, the four in the next outward, afflictions. In each clause the former part shows the "earthen vessels;" the latter, "the excellence of the power." Not crushed - Not swallowed up in care and anxiety. Perplexed - What course to take, but never despairing of his power and love to carry us through.
**2 Corinthians 4:9 Persecuted - Often persecuted, persecuted in all places. The Book of Acts shows how true this was. But not forsaken - Not deserted; nor left by God Though persecuted by people, yet they experi enced the fulfillment of the divine promise that he would never leave nor forsake them. God always interposed to aid them; always saved them from the power of their enemies; always sustained them in the time of persecution. It is still true. His people have been often persecuted. Yet God has often interposed to save them from the hands of their enemies; and where he has not saved them from their hands, and preserved their lives, yet he has never left them, but has sustained, upheld, and comforted them even in the dreadful agonies of death. Cast down - Thrown down by our enemies, perhaps in allusion to the contests of wrestlers, or of gladiators. But not destroyed - Not killed. They rose again; they recovered their strength; they were prepared for new conflicts. They surmounted every difficulty, and were ready to engage in new strifes, and to meet new trials and persecutions.
2 Corinthians 4:10 Always - Wherever we go. Bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus - Continually expecting to lay down our lives like him. That the life also of Jesus might be manifested in our body - That we may also rise and be glorified like him.
***2 Corinthians 4:11 For we which live - And yet, although we are preserved alive, we are in such continual dangers that we carry our life in our hands, and are constantly in the spirit of sacrifice. But the life - the preserving power, of Christ is manifest in our continual support.
***2 Corinthians 4:12 Death worketh in us, etc. - We apostles are in continual danger, and live a dying life; while you who have received this Gospel from us are in no danger.
***2 Corinthians 4:13 We having the same spirit of faith - As David had when he wrote Psa_116:10 : I believed, therefore have I spoken: we also believe that we shall receive the fulfillment of all God’s promises; and being fully convinced of the truth of the Christian religion, we speak and testify that our deliverance is from God; and that he does not fail those who trust in him, and that he saves to the uttermost them who come unto him through Christ Jesus.
***2 Corinthians 4:14 Knowing that he which raised up the Lord, etc. - And though we shall at last seal this truth with our blood, we fear not, being persuaded that as the body of Christ was raised from the dead by the power of the Father, so shall our bodies be raised, and that we shall have an eternal life with him in glory.
2 Corinthians 4:15 For all things - Whether adverse or prosperous. Are for your sakes - For the profit of all that believe, as well as all that preach. That the overflowing grace - Which continues you alive both in soul and body. Might abound yet more through the thanksgiving of many - For thanksgiving invites more: abundant grace.
2 Corinthians 4:16 Therefore - Because of this grace, we faint not. The outward man - The body. The inward man - The soul.
2 Corinthians 4:17 Our light affliction - The beauty and sublimity of St. Paul's expressions here, as descriptive of heavenly glory, opposed to temporal afflictions, surpass all imagination, and cannot be preserved in any translation or paraphrase, which after all must sink infinitely below the astonishing original.
2 Corinthians 4:18 The things that are seen - Men, money, things of earth. The things that are not seen - God, grace, heaven.

* Gills Commentaries   ** Barnes Commentaries   *** Clarke’s Commentaries   
All others by Wesley 




Wednesday, November 8, 2017

II Corinthians 3:1-18

II Corinthians 3:1-18

1. Verses 1-3 What did Paul consider to be his epistle? (1-2) What do you think about that?

How were these epistles written? (3-4) What does this mean?

2. Verses 4-6 Paul wrote the Corinthians “our sufficiency is of whom?” (5)

Who made Paul an able minister of the New Testament? (5-6)

Paul was a minister of the New Testament; not of the letter but of what? (6) What is he saying?

3. Verses 7-18 On what was “ministration of death” written? (7) What were they?

What quality is ascribed to this “ministration of death written and engraved in stones? (7)

The ministration of condemnation was glorious but what ministration exceeded it in glory? (9)

What do you think about that?

The ministration of righteousness excelled the ministration of condemnation in glory so that the ministration of condemnation had no what? (9-10)

What does this mean?

State basis of Paul’s plainness of speech. (12) What do you think about that?

What did Moses place over his face for the children of Israel? (13)

What was the purpose for the veil that Moses wore at Sinai? (13)

What happened to that veil? (14) What does this mean?

Who can remove the veil from the hearts and minds of the children of Israel? (13-17)

What does this mean?

What condition exists when the Spirit of the Lord is present? (17) What do you think about that?

How do we under the new covenant behold the glory of God? (18) What does this mean?

Discussion Questions

1. What do people read when they observe your life?

2. How does the New Testament experience compare to that of the Old Testament?



***2 Corinthians 3:1 Do we begin again to commend ourselves - By speaking thus of our sincerity, Divine mission, etc., is it with a design to conciliate your esteem, or ingratiate ourselves in your affections? By no means. Or need we - epistles of commendation - Are we so destitute of ministerial abilities and Divine influence that we need, in order to be received in different Churches, to have letters of recommendation? Certainly not. God causes us to triumph through Christ in every place; and your conversion is such an evident seal to our ministry as leaves no doubt that God is with us. Letters of commendation - Were frequent in the primitive Church; and were also in use in the apostolic Church, as we learn from this place. But these were, in all probability, not used by the apostles; their helpers, successors, and those who had not the miraculous gifts of the Spirit, needed such letters and they were necessary to prevent the Churches from being imposed on by false teachers. But when apostles came, they brought their own testimonials, the miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit.
*2 Corinthians 3:2 Ye are our epistle,.... Here a reason is given why they stood in no need of letters of commendation, to or from the church at Corinth, because that church was their living epistle, and which was much preferable to any written one. The apostle calls them their epistle in the same sense, as they are said to be his "work in the Lord, and the seal of his apostleship", 1Co 9:1 they were so as persons regenerated by the Spirit and grace of God, in whose conversion he was an instrument; now it was the work of conversion in them, which was the epistle said to be written in our hearts; some think it should be read, "in your hearts"; and so the Ethiopic version reads it; and it looks as if it should be so read, from the following verse, and from the nature of the thing itself; for the conversion of the Corinthians was not written in the heart of the apostle, but in their own; and this was so very notorious and remarkable, that it was known and read of all men; everyone could read, and was obliged to acknowledge the handwriting; it was so clear a case, what hand the apostle, as an instrument, had in the turning of these persons from idols to serve the living God; and which was so full a proof of the divinity, efficacy, truth, and sincerity of his doctrine, that he needed no letters from any to recommend him.
2 Corinthians 3:3 Manifestly declared to be the letter of Christ - Which he has formed and published to the world. Ministered by us - Whom he has used herein as his instruments, therefore ye are our letter also. Written not in tables of stone - Like the ten commandments. But in the tender, living tables of their hearts - God having taken away the hearts of stone and given them hearts of flesh.
2 Corinthians 3:4 Such trust have we in God - That is, we trust in God that this is so.
2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves - So much as to think one good thought; much less, to convert sinners.
2 Corinthians 3:6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new covenant - Of the new, evangelical dispensation. Not of the law, fitly called the letter, from God's literally writing it on the two tables. But of the Spirit - Of the gospel dispensation, which is written on the tables of our hearts by the Spirit. For the letter - The law, the Mosaic dispensation. Killeth - Seals in death those who still cleave to it. But the Spirit - The gospel, conveying the Spirit to those who receive it. Giveth life - Both spiritual and eternal: yea, if we adhere to the literal sense even of the moral law, if we regard only the precept and the sanction as they stand in themselves, not as they lead us to Christ, they are doubtless a killing ordinance, and bind us down under the sentence of death.
2 Corinthians 3:7 And if the ministration of death - That is, the Mosaic dispensation, which proves such to those who prefer it to the gospel, the most considerable part of which was engraven on those two stones, was attended with so great glory.
***2 Corinthians 3:8 The ministration of the Spirit - The Gospel dispensation, which gives the true spiritual sense of the law. Be rather glorious? - Forasmuch as the thing signified is of infinitely more consequence than that by which it is signified. The Thing bread will preserve a man alive; the Word bread can give life to nothing.
2 Corinthians 3:9 The ministration of condemnation - Such the Mosaic dispensation proved to all the Jews who rejected the gospel whereas through the gospel (hence called the ministration of righteousness) God both imputed and imparted righteousness to all believers. But how can the moral law (which alone was engraven on stone) be the ministration of condemnation, if it requires no more than a sincere obedience, such as is proportioned to our infirm state? If this is sufficient to justify us, then the law ceases to be a ministration of condemnation. It becomes (flatly contrary to the apostle's doctrine) the ministration of righteousness.
2 Corinthians 3:10 It hath no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excelleth - That is, none in comparison of this more excellent glory. The greater light swallows up the less.
***2 Corinthians 3:11 For if that which is done away, etc. - Here is another striking difference between the law and the Gospel. The former is termed το καταργουμενον, that which is counterworked and abolished; the latter το μενον, that which continues, which is not for a particular time, place, and people, as the law was; but for All times, all places, and all people. As a great, universal, and permanent Good vastly excels a good that is small, partial, and transitory; so does the Gospel dispensation, that of the law.
***2 Corinthians 3:12 Seeing - we have such hope - Such glorious prospects as those blessings which the Gospel sets before us, producing such confidence, as the fulfillment of so many promises has already done, that God will still continue to work for us and by us; We use great plainness of speech - Πολλῃ παρῥησιᾳ χρωμεθα· We speak not only with all confidence, but with all imaginable plainness; keeping back nothing; disguising nothing; concealing nothing: and here we differ greatly from the Jewish doctors, and from the Gentile philosophers, who affect obscurity, and endeavor, by figures, metaphors, and allegories, to hide every thing from the vulgar. But we wish that all may hear; and we speak so that all may understand.
2 Corinthians 3:13 And we do not act as Moses did, who put a veil over his face - Which is to be understood with regard to his writings also. So that the children of Israel could not look steadfastly to the end of that dispensation which is now abolished - The end of this was Christ. The whole Mosaic dispensation tended to, and terminated in, him; but the Israelites had only a dim, wavering sight of him, of whom Moses spake in an obscure, covert manner.
2 Corinthians 3:14 The same veil remaineth on their understanding unremoved - Not so much as folded back, (so the word implies,) so as to admit a little, glimmering light. On the public reading of the Old Testament - The veil is not now on the face of Moses or of his writings, but on the reading of them, and on the heart of them that believe not. Which is taken away in Christ - That is, from the heart of them that truly believe on him.
*2 Corinthians 3:15 But even unto this day, when Moses is read,.... These words are an explanation of the former, and show that by the Old Testament is designed, more especially, Moses, or the writings of Moses; which were frequently read, and preached upon in the Jewish synagogues; see Act 13:15 and that by "the veil untaken away", is meant,
the veil upon their heart; that is, the veil of blindness, ignorance of Christ, and the Gospel; of the prophecies of the Old Testament, and even of the law itself, its nature, use, and end; preferring the traditions of their fathers, before the written law of Moses.
2 Corinthians 3:16 When it - Their heart. Shall turn to the Lord - To Christ, by living faith. The veil is taken away - That very moment; and they see, with the utmost clearness, how all the types and prophecies of the law are fully accomplished in him.
2 Corinthians 3:17 Now the Lord - Christ is that Spirit of the law whereof I speak, to which the letter was intended to lead. And where the Spirit of the Lord, Christ, is, there is liberty - Not the veil, the emblem of slavery. There is liberty from servile fear, liberty from the guilt and from the power of sin, liberty to behold with open face the glory of the Lord.
2 Corinthians 3:18 And, accordingly, all we that believe in him, beholding as in a glass - In the mirror of the gospel. The glory of the Lord - His glorious love. Are transformed into the same image - Into the same love. From one degree of this glory to another, in a manner worthy of his almighty Spirit. What a beautiful contrast is here! Moses saw the glory of the Lord, and it rendered his face so bright, that he covered it with a veil; Israel not being able to bear the reflected light. We behold his glory in the glass of his word, and our faces shine too; yet we veil them not, but diffuse the lustre which is continually increasing, as we fix the eye of our mind more and more steadfastly on his glory displayed in the gospel.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 




Wednesday, November 1, 2017

II Corinthians 2:1-17

II Corinthians 2:1-17

1. Verses 1-2 Paul determined not to come again to Corinth in heaviness and make them sorry (sad), “Who is he then that makes me what?” (1-2) (Read Commentary on verse 1) 

What do you think about that?

Paul wrote the Corinthians in much affliction and anguishes of heart and with many what? (2-4) Why?

2. Verses 3-11 When Paul with much afflictions and tears wrote not to grieve them but that they might know what? (4)

Paul advised forgiveness and comfort the fornicator lest he be swallowed up with what? (6-7)

What does this mean? What do you think about that?

What are we not ignorant of? (11) What does this mean?

3. Verses 12-17 In Troas Paul had a door opened of the Lord but he had no rest in his spirit because he failed to find someone there. Name him. (12-13)

What showed Paul's care for Titus? (12-13)

After Troas where did Paul go next when he failed to find Titus? (13)

Who does Paul say causes us to triumph in Christ? (14) What does this mean?

How did Paul describe the messengers of the gospel? (14-16) What does this mean?

How did Paul handle the gospel? (17)

Discussion Questions

1. What was Paul’s motive in administering discipline?

2. What do you think about discipline?

3. Why do you suppose that fellow helpers, such as Titus and Timothy, had such loyalty to Paul?



***2 Corinthians 2:1 But I determined this - The apostle continues to give farther reasons why he did not visit them at the proposed time. Because of the scandals that were among them he could not see them comfortably; and therefore he determined not to see them at all till he had reason to believe that those evils were put away.
***2 Corinthians 2:2 For if I make you sorry - Should he have come and used his apostolical authority, in inflicting punishment upon the transgressors, this would have been a common cause of distress. And though he might expect that the sound part of the Church would be a cause of consolation to him, yet as all would be overwhelmed with trouble at the punishment of the transgressors, he could not rejoice to see those whom he loved in distress.
***2 Corinthians 2:3 And I wrote this same unto you - This I particularly marked in my first epistle to you; earnestly desiring your reformation, lest, if I came before this had taken place, I must have come with a rod, and have inflicted punishment on the transgressors. See 1Co_5:1-13. My joy is the joy of you all - I know that ye wish my comfort as much as I wish yours.
*2 Corinthians 2:4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart,.... Being greatly pressed in his spirit, and grieved at his heart, for the abominable iniquities among them, which they seemed to take no notice of, and to be unconcerned about, yea, rather to be puffed up with:  I wrote to you with many tears; as signs and expressions of, and by which were vented, the inward anguish and distress of his soul; and the letter he sent to them in some measure bore witness to it: which was written, not that you should be grieved; that is, not merely for the sake of grieving of them, in which he took no pleasure; not but that the apostle designed and desired to affect their minds with a holy grief and godly sorrow for sin, and hereby their amendment; but his chief view was, next to their spiritual good, and God's glory, to express the greatness of his love to them: as he says, that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you; as his love was very vehement towards them, he was desirous they should know it, and how exceeding abundant it was; and that it was even greater towards them, than to others; and he thought he could not give a greater proof and evidence of it, than by reproving them faithfully, and that sharply too, as the necessity of the case required.
2 Corinthians 2:5 He hath grieved me but in part - Who still rejoice over the greater part of you. Otherwise I might burden you all.
***2 Corinthians 2:6 Sufficient to such a man is this punishment - That is, the man has already suffered sufficiently. Here he gives a proof of his parental tenderness towards this great transgressor. He had been disowned by the Church; he had deeply repented; and now the apostle pleads for him.
***2 Corinthians 2:7 Ye ought rather to forgive him - He had now suffered enough; for the punishment inflicted had answered the end for which it was inflicted; and there was some danger that, if this poor culprit were not restored to the bosom of the Church, his distress and anguish would destroy his life, or drive him to despair.
**2 Corinthians 2:8 Wherefore I beseech you that ye would confirm your love toward him - The word rendered here as “confirm” (κυρῶσαι  kurōsai) occurs in the New Testament only here and in Gal_3:15. It means to give authority, to establish as valid, to confirm; and here means that they should give strong expressions and assurances of their love to him; that they should pursue such a course as would leave no room for doubt in regard to it. Tyndale has well rendered it: “Wherefore I exhort you that love may halve strength over him.” Paul referred, doubtless, here to some public act of the church by which the sentence of excommunication might be removed, and by which the offender might have a public assurance of their favor.
***2 Corinthians 2:9 For to this end also did I write - Εγραψα, I have written this also, the advices and commands which I now give you, that I might know whether ye be obedient in all things.
2 Corinthians 2:10 To whom ye forgive - He makes no question of their complying with his direction. Anything - So mildly does he speak even of that heinous sin, after it was repented of. In the person of Christ - By the authority wherewith he has invested me.
2 Corinthians 2:11 Lest Satan - To whom he had been delivered, and who sought to destroy not only his flesh, but his soul also. Get an advantage over us - For the loss of one soul is a common loss.
2 Corinthians 2:12 Now when I came to Troas - It seems, in that passage from Asia to Macedonia, of which a short account is given, Act_20:1-2. Even though a door was opened to me - That is, there was free liberty to speak, and many were willing to hear: yet,
***2 Corinthians 2:13 I had no rest in my spirit - I was so concerned for you, through the love I bear you, that I was greatly distressed because I did not find Titus returned to give me an account of your state. But taking my leave of them - I went thence into Macedonia, expecting to find him there; and thither he did come; and gave me a joyous account of your state. See 2Co_8:6, 2Co_8:7.
2 Corinthians 2:14 To triumph, implies not only victory, but an open manifestation of it. And as in triumphal processions, especially in the east, incense and perfumes were burned near the conqueror, the apostle beautifully alludes to this circumstance in the following verse: as likewise to the different effects which strong perfumes have upon different persons; some of whom they revive, while they throw others into the most violent disorders.
2 Corinthians 2:15 For we - The preachers of the gospel. Are to God a sweet odour of Christ - God is well - pleased with this perfume diffused by us, both in them that believe and are saved, treated of, 2Co_3:1; 2Co_4:2; and in them that obstinately disbelieve and, consequently, perish, treated of, 2Co_4:3-6.
2 Corinthians 2:16 And who is sufficient for these things - No man living, but by the power of God's Spirit.
2 Corinthians 2:17 For we are not as many, who adulterate the word of God - Like those vintners (so the Greek word implies) who mix their wines with baser liquors. But as of sincerity - Without any mixture. But as from God - This rises higher still; transmitting his pure word, not our own. In the sight of God - Whom we regard as always present, and noting every word of our tongue. Speak we - The tongue is ours, but the power is God's. In Christ - Words which he gives, approves, and blesses.


* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 






Wednesday, October 25, 2017

II Corinthians 1:1-24

II Corinthians 1:1-24

1. Verses 1-2 To whom besides Corinthians is this second letter addressed? (1)

2. Verses 3-7 What is the relation between God and Christ? (3)

How extensive was Paul’s consolation from God? (4)

For what purpose did God comfort Paul? (4)

What two things abounded in Paul? (5) What is Paul saying?

Paul knew as they were partakers of sufferings they would also be partakers of what? (7)

What do you think about that?

3. Verses 8-11 Paul wrote of the trouble in Asia being so great that he despaired of what? (8-9)

Why would Paul not want the Corinthians to be ignorant of this?

When Paul despaired of his life in Asia he trusted not in himself. In whom did he trust? (11)

4. Verses 12-14 State the kind of sincerity Paul professed? (12) What does this mean?

How were Paul’s writings received by the Corinthians? (13) What do you think about that?

Unto what day was the mutual rejoicing of Paul and the Corinthians? (14)

5. Verses 15-24 Name 2 people besides Paul who preached Jesus in Corinth. (19)

In whom are all the promises of God “yea” and “Amen?” (19-20)

Who does Paul say makes us sure (stableseth), with you and hath appointed us? (21)

God seals us. What does God give in our hearts as a guarantee of all he has for us? (22)

How did Paul “spare” the Corinthians? (23) What does this mean? (Read Commentaries)

What do you think about that?

When Paul wrote he had no dominion over their faith but are helpers of your joy and what did the Corinthians stand by? (24)

Discussion Questions

1. What does it mean to "Boast" in God?

2. What does it mean to be established?


2 Corinthians 1:1 Timotheus our brother - St. Paul writing to Timotheus styled him his son; writing of him, his brother.
***2 Corinthians 1:2 Grace be to you,.... This salutation is the same with that in the former epistle, and is common to all his epistles; See Gill on Rom_1:7.
2 Corinthians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ - A solemn and beautiful introduction, highly suitable to the apostolical spirit. The Father of mercies, and God of all comfort - Mercies are the fountain of comfort; comfort is the outward expression of mercy. God shows mercy in the affliction itself. He gives comfort both in and after the affliction. Therefore is he termed, the God of all comfort. Blessed be this God!
2 Corinthians 1:4 Who comforteth us in all our affliction, that we may be able to comfort them who are in any affliction - He that has experienced one kind of affliction is able to comfort others in that affliction. He that has experienced all kinds of affliction is able to comfort them in all.
2 Corinthians 1:5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us - The sufferings endured on his account. So our comfort also aboundeth through Christ - The sufferings were many, the comfort one; and yet not only equal to, but overbalancing, them all.
2 Corinthians 1:6 And whether we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation - For your present comfort, your present and future salvation. Or whether we are comforted, it is for your comfort - That we may be the better able to comfort you. Which is effectual in the patient enduring the same sufferings which we also suffer - Through the efficacy of which you patiently endure the same kind of sufferings with us.
***2 Corinthians 1:7 And our hope of you is steadfast - We have no doubt of your continuing in the truth; because we see that you have such a full, experimental knowledge of it, that no sufferings or persecutions can turn you aside. And we are sure that, as ye suffer, so shall ye rejoice.
2 Corinthians 1:8 We would not have you ignorant, brethren, of the trouble which befell us in Asia - Probably the same which is described in Acts 19. The Corinthians knew before that he had been in trouble: he now declares the greatness and the fruit of it. We were exceedingly pressed, above our strength - Above the ordinary strength even of an apostle.
2 Corinthians 1:9 Yea, we had the sentence of death in ourselves - We ourselves expected nothing but death.
***2 Corinthians 1:10 Who delivered us from so great a death - For the circumstances were such that no human power could avail. Will yet deliver us - Having had such a signal evidence of His interposition already, we will confide in him with an unshaken confidence that he will continue to support and deliver.
2 Corinthians 1:11 You likewise - As well as other churches. Helping with us by prayer, that for the gift - Namely, my deliverance. Bestowed upon us by means of many persons - Praying for it, thanks may be given by many.
2 Corinthians 1:12 For I am the more emboldened to look for this, because I am conscious of my integrity; seeing this is our rejoicing - Even in the deepest adversity. The testimony of our conscience - Whatever others think of us. That in simplicity - Having one end in view, aiming singly at the glory of God. And godly sincerity - Without any tincture of guile, dissimulation, or disguise. Not with carnal wisdom, but by the grace of God - Not by natural, but divine, wisdom. We have had our conversation in the world - In the whole world; in every circumstance.
***2 Corinthians 1:13 Than what ye read - Viz. In the first epistle which he had sent them. Or acknowledge - To be the truth of God; and which he hoped they would continue to acknowledge, and not permit themselves to be turned aside from the hope of the Gospel.
2 Corinthians 1:14 Ye have acknowledged us in part - Though not so fully as ye will do. That we are you rejoicing - That ye rejoice in having known us. As ye also are ours - As we also rejoice in the success of our labours among you; and we trust shall rejoice therein in the day of the Lord Jesus.
2 Corinthians 1:15 In this confidence - That is, being confident of this.
***2 Corinthians 1:17 Did I use lightness? - When I formed this purpose, was it without due consideration? and did I abandon it through fickleness of mind? That with me there should be yea, etc. - That I should act as carnal men, who change their purposes, and falsify their engagements, according as may seem best to their secular interest?
2 Corinthians 1:18 Our word to you - The whole tenor of our doctrine. Hath not been yea and nay - Wavering and uncertain.
2 Corinthians 1:19 For Jesus Christ, who was preached by us - That is, our preaching concerning him. Was not yea and nay - Was not variable and inconsistent with itself. But was yea in him - Always one and the same, centering in him.
2 Corinthians 1:20 For all the promises of God are yea and amen in him - Are surely established in and through him. They are yea with respect to God promising; amen, with respect to men believing; yea, with respect to the apostles; amen, with respect to their hearers.
2 Corinthians 1:21 I say, to the glory of God - For it is God alone that is able to fulfil these promises. That establisheth us - Apostles and teachers. With you - All true believers. In the faith of Christ; and hath anointed us - With the oil of gladness, with joy in the Holy Ghost, thereby giving us strength both to do and suffer his will.
2 Corinthians 1:22 Who also hath sealed us - Stamping his image on our hearts, thus marking and sealing us as his own property. And given us the earnest of his Spirit - There is a difference between an earnest and a pledge. A pledge is to be restored when the debt is paid; but an earnest is not taken away, but completed. Such an earnest is the Spirit. The first fruits of it we have Rom_8:23; and we wait for all the fulness.
2 Corinthians 1:23 I call God for a record upon my soul - Was not St. Paul now speaking by the Spirit? And can a more solemn oath be conceived? Who then can imagine that Christ ever designed to forbid all swearing? That to spare you I came not yet to Corinth - Lest I should be obliged to use severity. He says elegantly to Corinth, not to you, when be is intimating his power to punish.
2 Corinthians 1:24 Not that we have dominion over your faith - This is the prerogative of God alone. But are helpers of your joy - And faith from which it springs. For by faith ye have stood - To this day. We see the light in which ministers should always consider themselves, and in which they are to be considered by others. Not as having dominion over the faith of their people, and having a right to dictate by their own authority what they shall believe, or what they shall do; but as helpers of their joy, by helping them forward in faith and holiness. In this view, how amiable does their office appear! and how friendly to the happiness of mankind! How far, then, are they from true benevolence, who would expose it to ridicule and contempt!


* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 




Wednesday, October 18, 2017

I Corinthians 16:1-24

I Corinthians 16:1-24

1. Verses 1-4 For whom was Paul making a collection from the church at Corinth? (1-4)

On what day was the collection for the Jerusalem brethren to be made? (2)

Who was to take the collection of the Corinthians to Jerusalem? (3)

Who would go to Jerusalem with the persons approved by letters if it seemed necessary? (3-4) Why?

2. Verses 5-12 What country did Paul expect to go through before coming to Corinth? (5)

How much time did Paul plan to spend in Corinth when he came to them if the Lord permits? (6-7)

Paul planned to stay at Ephesus until when? (8)

Who did Paul advise the Corinthians to welcome if he should come to them? (10)

Who was Paul expecting to come to him at Ephesus with the brothers? (10-11)

Who does Paul say will come to Corinth when he shall have convenient time to so? (12)

3. Verses 6-18 In what does Paul write the Corinthians to stand fast? (13) Why?

Paul wrote the brothers at Corinth “Let all your things be done in what?” (14) Why?

Who were the first fruits of Achaia (Greece)? (15) What does this mean?

Can you name three people that had come to Paul and had refreshed his spirit? (17-18)

Why were they coming? What do you think about that?

4. Verses 19-24 How were the Corinthian brethren told to greet one another? (20) What does this mean?

Who signed the epistle (letter) of first Corinthians? (21)

Paul wrote if any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ let him be what? (22)

What does this mean?

What do you think about that?

Whose grace did Paul wish for the Corinthians? (23)

Whose love was extended to the brethren at Corinth? (24)

Can you give the last word in the First Corinthian letter of this verse? (24) Whats that mean?

Discussion Questions

1. What do you think of taking up offerings for special events ahead of time?

2. What shows that Paul was not the instigator of the factions regarding Paul and Apollos? (1:12, 3:4,16:12)

3. Why did Paul close the letter in his own handwriting? 


1 Corinthians 16:2 Let every one - Not the rich only: let him also that hath little, gladly give of that little. According as he hath been prospered - Increasing his alms as God increases his substance. According to this lowest rule of Christian prudence, if a man when he has or gains one pound give a tenth to God, when he has or gains an hundred he will give the tenth of this also. And yet I show unto you a more excellent way. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. Stint yourself to no proportion at all. But lend to God all you can.
1 Corinthians 16:4 They shall go with me - To remove any possible suspicion.
1 Corinthians 16:5 I pass through Macedonia - I purpose going that way.
**1 Corinthians 16:6 That ye may bring me on my journey - That you may accompany me, or aid me, and furnish me the means of going on my journey. It was customary for the apostles to be attended by some members of the churches and friends in their travels. See the note at Act 10:23. On my journey ... - Probably to Judea. This was evidently his intention. But wherever he should go, it would be gratifying to him to have their aid and companionship.
***1 Corinthians 16:8 I will tarry at Ephesus - And it is very probable that he did so; and that all these journeys were taken as he himself had projected.
1 Corinthians 16:9 A great door - As to the number of hearers. And effectual - As to the effects wrought upon them. And there are many adversaries - As there must always be where Satan's kingdom shakes. This was another reason for his staying there.
***1 Corinthians 16:10 Now, if Timotheus come - Of Timothy we have heard before, 1Co 4:17. And we learn, from Act 19:22, that Paul sent him with Erastus from Ephesus to Macedonia. It is evident, therefore, in opposition to the very exceptionable subscription at the end of this epistle, that the epistle itself was not sent by Timothy, as there stated.
That he may be with you without fear - That he may be treated well, and not perplexed and harassed with your divisions and jealousies; for he worketh the work of the Lord - he is Divinely appointed, as I also am.
1 Corinthians 16:11 I look for him with the brethren - That accompany him.
***1 Corinthians 16:12 As touching our brother Apollos - It appears from this that the brethren, of whom the apostle speaks in the preceding verse, were then with him at Ephesus; I, with the brethren, greatly desired to come. But his will was not at all to come - As there had been a faction set up in the name of Apollos at Corinth, he probably thought it not prudent to go thither at this time, lest his presence might be the means of giving it either strength or countenance.
1 Corinthians 16:13 To conclude. Watch ye - Against all your seen and unseen enemies. Stand fast in the faith - Seeing and trusting him that is invisible. Acquit yourselves like men - With courage and patience. Be strong - To do and suffer all his will.
***1 Corinthians 16:13 To conclude. Watch ye - Against all your seen and unseen enemies. Stand fast in the faith - Seeing and trusting him that is invisible. Acquit yourselves like men - With courage and patience. Be strong - To do and suffer all his will.
1 Corinthians 16:15 The first fruits of Achaia - The first converts in that province.
1 Corinthians 16:16 That ye also - In your turn. Submit to such - So repaying their free service. And to every one that worketh with us and laboureth - That labours in the gospel either with or without a fellow - labourer.
*1 Corinthians 16:17 I am glad of the coming of Stephanas, and Fortunatus, and Achaicus,.... Who very probably were those of the household of Chloe, mentioned in 1Co 1:11, who came either of their own accord, or were sent as messengers from the church at Corinth to the apostle; who was glad to see them, one of them being baptized by him, and perhaps all of them converted under his ministry: however, they were believers in Christ, if not ministers of the Gospel, which seems very probable. For that which was lacking on your part they have supplied; which is not to be understood of their supplying him with money, in which the Corinthians had been deficient; for as he had never taken anything of them, he was determined he never would; see 2Co 11:7; but either of their presence which supplied the want of theirs, the apostle had been for some time greatly desirous of; or whereas they had been greatly wanting in sending him an account of the state of the church, and how things stood with them, these brethren greatly supplied that defect, by giving him a very particular account of their church affairs.
1 Corinthians 16:18 For they have refreshed my spirit and yours - Inasmuch as you share in my comfort. Such therefore acknowledge - With suitable love and respect.
1 Corinthians 16:19 Aquila and Priscilla had formerly made some abode at Corinth, and there St. Paul's acquaintance with them began, Act 18:1-2.
***1 Corinthians 16:20 With a holy kiss - The ancient patriarchs, and the Jews in general, were accustomed to kiss each other whenever they met; and this was a token of friendship and peace with them, as shaking of hands is with us. The primitive Christians naturally followed this example of the Jews. See the note on Rom 16:16.
***1 Corinthians 16:21 The salutation of me Paul with mine own hand - This should be rendered: “The salutation is written by the hand of me Paul;” γεγραπται, is written, being understood. It is very likely that the apostle wrote this and the following verses with his own hand. The rest, though dictated by him, was written by an amanuensis.
1 Corinthians 16:22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ - If any be an enemy to his person, offices, doctrines, or commands. Let him be Anathema. Maran - atha - Anathema signifies a thing devoted to destruction. It seems to have been customary with the Jews of that age, when they had pronounced any man an Anathema, to add the Syriac expression, Maran - atha, that is, "The Lord cometh;" namely, to execute vengeance upon him. This weighty sentence the apostle chose to write with his own hand; and to insert it between his salutation and solemn benediction, that it might be the more attentively regarded.
***1 Corinthians 16:23 The grace of our Lord Jesus - May the favor, influence, mercy, and salvation procured by Jesus Christ, be with you - prevail among you, rule in you, and be exhibited by you, in your life and conversation! Amen.
*1 Corinthians 16:24 My love be with you all,.... Meaning either that he desired that he might be loved by them, as they were by him, and might always have a place in their hearts and affections, as they had in his; or that his love, which extended to all of them without exception, to rich and poor, greater or lesser believers, might be always acceptable to them; and which he now commended to them, and saluted them with, from his very heart: and that it might not be thought to be a carnal affection, or on account of any outward things, he adds,
in Christ Jesus; he loved them for Christ's sake, because they were his, had his grace bestowed on them, his image stamped upon them, and his Spirit put within them; and concludes as usual, with an Amen; both by way of request, and for the sake of confirmation; desiring that so it might be, and believing that so it would be. The following subscription is added, not by the apostle, but by some other hand since. "The first" epistle "to the Corinthians was written from Philippi, by Stephanas, and Fortunatus, and Achaicus, and Timotheus"; but, as has been already observed, this epistle was not written from Philippi, but from Ephesus, where the apostle now was, as appears from 1Co 16:8; nor was it sent by Timotheus, for he was sent out before the writing of this epistle, see 1Co 4:17, and the apostle puts an if upon his coming to them, in 1Co 16:10, which he would scarcely have done, if he had sent this letter by him; though very probably it was sent by the other three, who came from Corinth, at their return thither.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley




Wednesday, October 11, 2017

I Corinthians 15:33-58

I Corinthians 15:33-58

1. Verses 33- 49 What does evil company do to good habits? (33) What do you think about that?

How does Paul answer, "How are the dead raised up and with what body do they come?" (35-38)

What must happen before a quickening? (36) What does this mean?

God gives to every seed its own what? (38)

What are some different types of flesh? (39)

There are celestial bodies as well as what? (40)

What happens to the resurrected body? (42) What does this mean?

Is the natural body sown or raised? (44)

The first Adam was made a what? (45)

The last Adam was made a what? (46)

2. Verses 50-58 Flesh and blood cannot inherit what? (50) Corruption cannot inherit what? (50) Why?

We shall not all sleep but we shall all be what? (51) What do you think about that?

What will sound when the dead shall be raised incorruptible and the living shall be changed? (52)

How will this mortal body be made when the dead are raised incorruptible and the living are changed? (53)

The sting of death is what? (56) How?

Who gives us the victory? (57) Why?

Through who is the victory over death attained? (58)

What should we do as a result of this hope? (58)

Discussion Questions
1. What does Glorified mean? Why would we need Glorified Bodies?
2. How does your hope in the resurrection affect the way that you live? 


1 Corinthians 15:33 Be not deceived - By such pernicious counsels as this. Evil communications corrupt good manners - He opposes to the Epicurean saying, a well - known verse of the poet Menander. Evil communications - Discourse contrary to faith, hope, or love, naturally tends to destroy all holiness.
1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake - An exclamation full of apostolical majesty. Shake off your lethargy! To righteousness - Which flows from the true knowledge of God, and implies that your whole soul be broad awake. And sin not - That is, and ye will not sin Sin supposes drowsiness of soul. There is need to press this. For some among you have not the knowledge of God - With all their boasted knowledge, they are totally ignorant of what it most concerns them to know. I speak this to your shame - For nothing is more shameful, than sleepy ignorance of God, and of the word and works of God; in these especially, considering the advantages they had enjoyed.
1 Corinthians 15:35 But some one possibly will say, How are the dead raised up, after their whole frame is dissolved? And with what kind of bodies do they come again, after these are mouldered into dust?
1 Corinthians 15:36 To the inquiry concerning the manner of rising, and the quality of the bodies that rise, the Apostle answers first by a similitude, 1Co_15:36-42, and then plainly and directly, 1Co_15:42-43. That which thou sowest, is not quickened into new life and verdure, except it die - Undergo a dissolution of its parts, a change analogous to death. Thus St. Paul inverts the objection; as if he had said, Death is so far from hindering life, that it necessarily goes before it.
***1 Corinthians 15:37 Thou sowest not that body that shall be - This is decomposed, and becomes the means of nourishing the whole plant, roots, stalk, leaves, ear, and full corn in the ear.
1 Corinthians 15:38 But God - Not thou, O man, not the grain itself, giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, from the time he distinguished the various Species of beings; and to each of the seeds, not only of the fruits, but animals also, (to which the Apostle rises in the following verse,) its own body; not only peculiar to that species, but proper to that individual, and arising out of the substance of that very grain.
1 Corinthians 15:39 All flesh - As if he had said, Even earthy bodies differ from earthy, and heavenly bodies from heavenly. What wonder then, if heavenly bodies differ from earthy? or the bodies which rise from those that lay in the grave?
1 Corinthians 15:40 There are also heavenly bodies - As the sun, moon, and stars; and there are earthy - as vegetables and animals. But the brightest lustre which the latter can have is widely different from that of the former.
1 Corinthians 15:41 Yea, and the heavenly bodies themselves differ from each other.
1 Corinthians 15:42 So also is the resurrection of the dead - So great is the difference between the body which fell, and that which rises. It is sown - A beautiful word; committed, as seed, to the ground. In corruption - Just ready to putrefy, and, by various degrees of corruption and decay, to return to the dust from whence it came. It is raised in incorruption - Utterly incapable of either dissolution or decay.
1 Corinthians 15:43 It is sown in dishonour - Shocking to those who loved it best, human nature in disgrace! It is raised in glory - Clothed with robes of light, fit for those whom the King of heaven delights to honour. It is sown in weakness - Deprived even of that feeble strength which it once enjoyed. It is raised in power - Endued with vigour, strength, and activity, such as we cannot now conceive.
1 Corinthians 15:44 It is sown in this world a merely animal body - Maintained by food, sleep, and air, like the bodies of brutes: but it is raised of a more refined contexture, needing none of these animal refreshments, and endued with qualities of a spiritual nature, like the angels of God.
1 Corinthians 15:45 The first Adam was made a living soul - God gave him such life as other animals enjoy: but the last Adam, Christ, is a quickening spirit - As he hath life in himself, so he quickeneth whom he will; giving a more refined life to their very bodies at the resurrection. Gen_2:7
***1 Corinthians 15:46 That was not first which is spiritual - The natural or animal body, described 1Co_15:44, was the first; it was the body with which Adam was created. The spiritual body is the last, and is that with which the soul is to be clothed in the resurrection.
1 Corinthians 15:48 They that are earthy - Who continue without any higher principle. They that are heavenly - Who receive a divine principle from heaven.
1 Corinthians 15:49 The image of the heavenly - Holiness and glory.
1 Corinthians 15:50 But first we must be entirely changed; for such flesh and blood as we are clothed with now, cannot enter into that kingdom which is wholly spiritual: neither doth this corruptible body inherit that incorruptible kingdom.
1 Corinthians 15:51 A mystery - A truth hitherto unknown; and not yet fully known to any of the sons of men. We - Christians. The Apostle considers them all as one, in their succeeding generations. Shall not all die - Suffer a separation of soul and body. But we shall all - Who do not die, be changed - So that this animal body shall become spiritual.
1 Corinthians 15:52 In a moment - Amazing work of omnipotence! And cannot the same power now change us into saints in a moment? The trumpet shall sound - To awaken all that sleep in the dust of the earth.
***1 Corinthians 15:53 For this corruptible, etc. - Because flesh and blood cannot inherit glory; therefore, there must be a refinement by death, or a change without it.
1 Corinthians 15:54 Death is swallowed up in victory - That is, totally conquered, abolished for ever.
1 Corinthians 15:55 O death, where is thy sting? - Which once was full of hellish poison. O hades, the receptacle of separate souls, where is thy victory - Thou art now robbed of all thy spoils; all thy captives are set at liberty. Hades literally means the invisible world, and relates to the soul; death, to the body. The Greek words are found in the Septuagint translation of Hos_13:14. Isa_25:8
1 Corinthians 15:56 The sting of death is sin - Without which it could have no power. But this sting none can resist by his own strength. And the strength of sin is the law - As is largely declared, Rom_7:7, &c.
1 Corinthians 15:57 But thanks be to God, who hath given us the victory - Over sin, death, and hades.
1 Corinthians 15:58 Be ye steadfast - In yourselves. Unmovable - By others; continually increasing in the work of faith and labour of love. Knowing your labour is not in vain in the Lord - Whatever ye do for his sake shall have its full reward in that day. Let us also endeavour, by cultivating holiness in all its branches, to maintain this hope in its full energy; longing for that glorious day, when, in the utmost extent of the expression, death shall be swallowed up for ever, and millions of voices, after the long silence of the grave, shall burst out at once into that triumphant song, O death, where is thy sting? O hades, where is thy victory?

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley




Wednesday, October 4, 2017

I Corinthians 15:1-32

I Corinthians 15:1-34

1. Verses 1-11 Who preached the gospel to the Corinthians and why? (1-2)

Why did Jesus Christ die? (3-4)

Paul wrote that some of the five hundred who saw the risen Lord are fallen asleep (dead) the greater part remain at the present what? (6)

Who considered himself as one born out of due season? (8) What does that mean?

Why did Paul feel he was the least of the apostles and not to be called an apostle? (9)

What do you think about that?

What was with Paul to enable him to labor so abundantly? (10) What does this mean?

2. Verses 12-19 Some of the brethren at Corinth believed and said that there is no resurrection of the dead. What fact does Paul use to discredit that teaching? (12-14)

What do you think about that?

If Christ be not raised, what kind of witnesses of God are the apostles? (15) What is Paul saying?

If Christ be not raised, what effect does it have on those who have fallen asleep (dead) in Christ? (17-18)

3. Verses 20- 28 Who is the “first fruits of them that are a sleep?” (20) What does this mean?

Who brought death to mankind? (22) How?

At what event will the dead be raised? (23)

What will Christ do with the Kingdom and how long will Christ reign? (24-25)

What is the last enemy to be destroyed by Christ? (26) When?

How much is put under the feet of Christ? (27-28)

4. Verses 29-32 For whom were some baptized in Corinth? (29)

Who said, “I die daily” in this verse? (31) What does this mean?

What did Paul say that he fought at Ephesus? (32) What does that mean?

Discussion Questions

1. Why do you think that some say that the resurrection of Jesus is one of the most documented facts in history?


***1 Corinthians 15:1 The Gospel which I preached unto you - This Gospel is contained in Christ dying for our sins, being buried, and rising again the third day. See the following verses.
1 Corinthians 15:2 Ye are saved, if ye hold fast - Your salvation is begun, and will be perfected, if ye continue in the faith. Unless ye have believed in vain - Unless indeed your faith was only a delusion.
1 Corinthians 15:3 I received - From Christ himself. It was not a fiction of my own. Isa 53:8-9.
**1 Corinthians 15:4 And that he was buried - That is, evidently according to the Scriptures; see Isa 53:9. And that he rose again the third day ... - That is, that he should rise from the dead was foretold in the Scriptures. It is not of necessity implied that it was predicted that he should rise “on the third day,” but that he should rise from the dead. See the argument for this stated in the discourse of Peter, in Act 2:24-32. The particular passage which is there urged in proof of his resurrection is derived from Psa 16:1-11.
1 Corinthians 15:5 By the twelve - This was their standing appellation; but their full number was not then present.
1 Corinthians 15:6 Above five hundred - Probably in Galilee. A glorious and incontestable proof! The greater part remain - Alive.
1 Corinthians 15:7 Then by all the apostles - The twelve were mentioned 1Co 15:5. This title here, therefore, seems to include the seventy; if not all those, likewise, whom God afterwards sent to plant the gospel in heathen nations.
1 Corinthians 15:8 An untimely birth - It was impossible to abase himself more than he does by this single appellation. As an abortion is not worthy the name of a man, so he affirms himself to be not worthy the name of an apostle.
1 Corinthians 15:9 I persecuted the church - True believers are humbled all their lives, even for the sins they committed before they believed.
1 Corinthians 15:10 I laboured more than they all - That is, more than any of them, from a deep sense of the peculiar love God had shown me. Yet, to speak more properly, it is not I, but the grace of God that is with me - This it is which at first qualified me for the work, and still excites me to zeal and diligence in it.
1 Corinthians 15:11 Whether I or they, so we preach - All of us speak the same thing.
1 Corinthians 15:12 How say some - Who probably had been heathen philosophers.
1 Corinthians 15:13 If there be no resurrection - If it be a thing flatly impossible.
***1 Corinthians 15:14 Then is our preaching vain - Our whole doctrine is useless, nugatory and false. And your faith is also vain - Your belief of a false doctrine must necessarily be to you unprofitable.
1 Corinthians 15:15 If the dead rise not - If the very notion of a resurrection be, as they say, absurd and impossible.
*1 Corinthians 15:16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised. This is a repetition of the argument in 1Co 15:13 made partly to show the importance of it, and partly to observe other absurdities, following upon the conclusion of it.
1 Corinthians 15:17 Ye are still in your sins - That is, under the guilt of them. So that there needed something more than reformation, (which was plainly wrought,) in order to their being delivered from the guilt of sin even that atonement, the sufficiency of which God attested by raising our great Surety from the grave.
1 Corinthians 15:18 They who sleep in Christ - Who have died for him, or believing in him. Are perished - Have lost their life and being together.
1 Corinthians 15:19 If in this life only we have hope - If we look for nothing beyond the grave. But if we have a divine evidence of things not seen, if we have "a hope full of immortality," if we now taste of "the powers of the world to come," and see "the crown that fadeth not away," then, notwithstanding" all our present trials, we are more happy than all men.
1 Corinthians 15:20 But now - St. Paul declares that Christians "have hope," not "in this life only." His proof of the resurrection lies in a narrow compass, 1Co 15:12- 19. Almost all the rest of the chapter is taken up in illustrating, vindicating, and applying it. The proof is short, but solid and convincing, that which arose from Christ's resurrection. Now this not only proved a resurrection possible, but, as it proved him to be a divine teacher, proved the certainty of a general resurrection, which he so expressly taught. The first fruit of them that slept - The earnest, pledge, and insurance of their resurrection who slept in him: even of all the righteous. It is of the resurrection of these, and these only, that the apostle speaks throughout the chapter.
1 Corinthians 15:22 As through Adam all, even the righteous, die, so through Christ all these shall be made alive - He does not say, "shall revive," (as naturally as they die,) but shall be made alive, by a power not their own.
1 Corinthians 15:23 Afterward - The whole harvest. At the same time the wicked shall rise also. But they are not here taken into the account.
1 Corinthians 15:25 He must reign - Because so it is written. Till he - the Father hath put all his enemies under his feet. Psa 110:1.
***1 Corinthians 15:27 For he hath put all things under his feet - The Father hath put all things under the feet of Christ according to the prophecy, Psa 110:1-7. He is excepted - i.e. The Father, who hath put all things under him, the Son. This observation seems to be introduced by the apostle to show that he does not mean that the Divine nature shall be subjected to the human nature. Christ, as Messiah, and Mediator between God and man, must ever be considered inferior to the Father: and his human nature, however dignified in consequence of its union with the Divine nature, must ever be inferior to God. The whole of this verse should be read in a parenthesis.
1 Corinthians 15:28 The Son also shall be subject - Shall deliver up the mediatorial kingdom. That the three - one God may be all in all - All things, (consequently all persons,) without any interruption, without the intervention of any creature, without the opposition of any enemy, shall be subordinate to God. All shall say, "My God, and my all." This is the end. Even an inspired apostle can see nothing beyond this.
1 Corinthians 15:29 Who are baptized for the dead - Perhaps baptized in hope of blessings to be received after they are numbered with the dead. Or, "baptized in the room of the dead" - Of them that are just fallen in the cause of Christ: like soldiers who advance in the room of their companions that fell just before their face.
1 Corinthians 15:31 I protest by your rejoicing, which I have - Which love makes my own. I die daily - I am daily in the very jaws of death. Beside that I live, as it were, in a daily martyrdom.
1 Corinthians 15:32 If to speak after the manner of men - That is, to use a proverbial phrase, expressive of the most imminent danger I have fought with wild beasts at Ephesus - With the savage fury of a lawless multitude, Act 19:29, &c. This seems to have been but just before. Let as eat, &c. - We might, on that supposition, as well say, with the Epicureans, Let us make the best of this short life, seeing we have no other portion.


* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley