Wednesday, September 20, 2017

I Corinthians 14:1-21

I Corinthians 14:1-21

1. Verses 1-5 Paul wrote to the Corinthians to follow after charity and desire what? (1)

What does this mean?

By what power does a man speak an unknown tongue? (1-2)

What three things do one do who prophesied? (3)
Who does someone who speaks in tongues edify? (4) What does this mean?

Which does Paul say is greater, the person who speaks in tongues or the person who prophesies? (5)


What is needed if the church is to be edified when a person speaks in tongues? (5) Why?

2. Verses 6-19 What musical instruments that Paul used in relation to speaking with tongues? (6-9)

Which musical instrument was used for a call to battle? (8) Why mention this?

When does one merely speak into the air? (9) What does this mean?

The Corinthian were zealous for spiritual gifts. Paul advises to seek excellence for what purpose? (12)

What do you think about that?

What did Paul instruct the person who spoke in an unknown tongue to pray for? (13) Why?

What part of a man prays when using an unknown tongue? (14) What does this mean?

What two things does Paul say he will do in relation to the spirit and understanding? (15)

What is Paul saying?

What can’t a person say to a prayer or song that is not understood? (16) Why?

Who was able to speak with tongues more than the Corinthians? (18) What is Paul saying?

Paul would rather speak words with understanding than what kind of words? (19) Why?

3. Verses 20-21 Paul wrote the Corinthians “brethren be not children in” what? (20)

What do you think about that?

Which Old Testament prophecy refers to speaking in tongues? (21, Isaiah11)  What does this mean?

Discussion Questions

1. What should we desire most in the church? Do we?

1 Corinthians 14:1 Follow after love - With zeal, vigour, courage, patience; else you can neither attain nor keep it. And - In their place, as subservient to this. Desire spiritual gifts; but especially that ye may prophesy - The word here does not mean foretelling things to come; but rather opening and applying the scripture.
**1 Corinthians 14:2 For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue - This verse is designed to show that the faculty of speaking intelligibly, and to the edification of the church, is of more value than the power of speaking a foreign language. The reason is, that however valuable may be the endowment in itself, and however important the truth which he may utter, yet it is as if he spoke to God only. No one could understand him. Speaketh not unto men - Does not speak so that people can understand him. His address is really not made to people, that is, to the church. He might have this faculty without being able to speak to the edification of the church. It is possible that the power of speaking foreign languages and of prophesying were sometimes united in the same person; but it is evident that the apostle speaks of them as different endowments, and they probably were found usually in different individuals. But unto God - It is as if he spoke to God. No one could understand him but God. This must evidently refer to the addresses “in the church,” when Christians only were present, or when those only were present who spoke the same language, and who were unacquainted with foreign tongues. Paul says that “there” that faculty would be valueless compared with the power of speaking in a manner that should edify the church. He did not undervalue the power of speaking foreign languages when foreigners were present, or when they went to preach to foreigners; see 1Co 14:22. It was only when it was needless, when all present spoke one language, that he speaks of it as of comparatively little value.
For no man understandeth him - That is, no man in the church, since they all spoke the same language, and that language was different from what was spoken by him who was endowed with the gift of tongues. As God only could know the import of what he said, it would be lost upon the church, and would be useless. Howbeit in the Spirit - Although, by the aid of the Spirit, he should, in fact, deliver the most important and sublime truths. This would doubtless be the case, that those who were thus endowed would deliver most important truths, but they would be “lost” upon those who heard them, because they could not understand them. The phrase “in the Spirit,” evidently means “by the Holy Spirit,” that is, by his aid and influence. Though he should be “really” under the influence of the Holy Spirit, and though the important truth which he delivers should be imparted by his aid, yet all would be valueless unless it were understood by the church. He speaketh mysteries - For the meaning of the word “mystery,” see Note, 1Co 2:7. The word here seems to be synonymous with sublime and elevated truth; truth that was not before known, and that might be of the utmost importance.
***1 Corinthians 14:3 But he that prophesieth - The person who has the gift of teaching is much more useful to the Church than he is who has only the gift of tongues, because he speaks to the profit of men: viz. to their edification, by the Scriptures he expounds; to their exhortation, by what he teaches; and to their comfort, by his revelation. - Whitby. I must here refer to my sermon on this text, intitled, “The Christian Prophet and his Work,” in which I have endeavored to consider the whole of this subject at large.
1 Corinthians 14:4 Edifieth himself - Only, on the most favourable supposition. The church - The whole congregation.
***1 Corinthians 14:5 I would that ye all spake with tongues - The word θελω does not so much imply a wish or desire, as a command or permission. As if he had said: I do not restrain you to prophesying or teaching though I prefer that; but I give you full permission to speak in Hebrew whenever it is proper, and when one is present who can interpret for the edification of the Church, provided yourselves have not that gift, though you understand the language. The apostle said tongue, in the singular number, 1Co 14:2, 1Co 14:4, because he spoke of a single man; now he says tongues, in the plural number, because he speaks of many speaking; but he has the same meaning in both places. - Lightfoot. Greater is he that prophesieth - A useful, zealous preacher, though unskilled in learned languages, is much greater in the sight of God, and in the eye of sound common sense, than he who has the gift of those learned tongues; except he interpret: and we seldom find great scholars good preachers. This should humble the scholar, who is too apt to be proud of his attainments, and despise his less learned but more useful brother. This judgment of St. Paul is too little regarded.
1 Corinthians 14:6 Revelation - Of some gospel mystery. Knowledge - Explaining the ancient types and prophecies. Prophecy - Foretelling some future event. Doctrine - To regulate your tempers and lives. Perhaps this may be the sense of these obscure words.
1 Corinthians 14:7 How shall it be known what is piped or harped - What music can be made, or what end answered?
1 Corinthians 14:8 Who will prepare himself for the battle - Unless he understand what the trumpet sounds? suppose a retreat or a march.
1 Corinthians 14:9 Likewise ye - If ye do not speak in the Church so as to be understood, your labor is useless; ye shall speak into the air - your speech will be lost and dissipated in the air, without conveying any meaning to any person: there will be a noise or sound, but nothing else. Gifts of that kind, thus used, are good for nothing.
***1 Corinthians 14:10 There are, it may be - Ει τυχοι, For example. So many kinds of voices - So many different languages, each of which has its distinct articulation, pronunciation, emphasis, and meaning; or there may be so many different nations, each possessing a different language, etc.
1 Corinthians 14:11 I shall be a barbarian to him - Shall seem to talk unintelligible gibberish.
1 Corinthians 14:14 If I pray in an unknown tongue - The apostle, as he did at 1Co 14:6, transfers it to himself. My spirit prayeth - By the power of the Spirit I understand the words myself. But my understanding is unfruitful - The knowledge I have is no benefit to others.
1 Corinthians 14:15 I will pray with the spirit, but I will pray with the understanding also - I will use my own understanding, as well as the power of the Spirit. I will not act so absurdly, as to utter in a congregation what can edify none but myself.
1 Corinthians 14:16 Otherwise how shall he that filleth the place of a private person - That is, any private hearer. Say Amen - Assenting and confirming your words, as it was even then usual for the whole congregation to do.
***1 Corinthians 14:18 I speak with tongues more than ye all - He understood more languages than any of them did: and this was indispensably necessary, as he was the apostle of the Gentiles in general, and had to preach to different provinces where different dialects, if not languages, were used. In the Hebrew, Syriac, Greek, and Latin, he was undoubtedly well skilled from his education; and how many he might understand by miraculous gift we cannot tell. But, even literally understood, it is very probable that he knew more languages than any man in the Church of Corinth.
1 Corinthians 14:19 With my understanding - In a rational manner; so as not only to understand myself, but to be understood by others.
1 Corinthians 14:21 It is written in the Law - The word here, as frequently, means the Old Testament. In foreign tongues will I speak to this people - And so he did. He spake terribly to them by the Babylonians, when they had set at nought what he had spoken by the prophets, who used their own language. These words received a farther accomplishment on the day of pentecost. Isa 28:11.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, September 6, 2017

I Corinthians 12:12-31

I Corinthians 12:12-31

1. Verses 12-31 Whereas there is one body it has many what? (12,14,18-20)

What does this word picture look like? Why use this analogy?

By how many spirits are we baptized into one body? (13) What does this mean?

What does Paul compare our physical bodies to? (14-27) What is Paul saying?

What attitudes must be guarded against within the Body of Christ? (15-17, 21-24)

What do you think about that?

What should not exist in the body? (25) What does this mean?

If one member suffers what should all the members do? (26) Why?

What body does the church members compose in this verse? (27)

Who did God place first, second, and third in the church? (28)

What order did God place the gifts? (28) Why do you think Paul mentions this?

What should our attitude be toward Spiritual gifts? (31) What does that mean?

What kind of coveting is right? (31) Why?

Discussion Questions
1. How is diversity good in the church?

2. How do members of the body care for a member that is suffering?

3. How are believers, their offices and their spiritual gifts all interwoven in this chapter?

***1 Corinthians 12:12 For as the body is one - Though the human body have many members, and though it be composed of a great variety of parts, yet it is but one entire system; every part and member being necessary to the integrity or completeness of the whole. So also is Christ - That is, So is the Church the body of Christ, being composed of the different officers already mentioned, and especially those enumerated, 1Co_12:28, apostles, prophets, teachers, etc. It cannot be supposed that Christ is composed of many members, etc., and therefore the term Church must be understood, unless we suppose, which is not improbable, that the term Ὁ Χριστος, Christ, is used to express the Church, or whole body of Christian believers.
1 Corinthians 12:13 For by that one Spirit, which we received in baptism, we are all united in one body. Whether Jews or gentiles - Who are at the greatest distance from each other by nature. Whether slaves or freemen - Who are at the greatest distance by law and custom. We have all drank of one Spirit - In that cup, received by faith, we all imbibed one Spirit, who first inspired, and still preserves, the life of God in our souls.
***1 Corinthians 12:14 For the body is not one member - The mystical body, the Church, as well as the natural body, is composed of many members.
***1 Corinthians 12:15 If the foot shall say, etc. - As all the members of the body are necessarily dependent on each other, and minister to the general support of the system, so is it in the Church. All the private members are intimately connected among themselves, and also with their pastors; without which union no Church can subsist.
1 Corinthians 12:16 The ear - A less noble part. The eye - The most noble.
**1 Corinthians 12:17 If the whole body ... - The idea in this verse is, that all the parts of the body are useful in their proper place, and that it would be as absurd to require or expect that all the members of the church should have the same endowments, as it would be to attempt to make the body “all eye.” If all were the same; if all had the same endowments, important offices which are now secured by the other members would be unknown. All, therefore, are to be satisfied with their allotment; all are to be honored in their appropriate place.
**1 Corinthians 12:18 Hath God set the members ... - God has formed the body, with its various members, as he saw would best conduce to the harmony and usefulness of all.
*1 Corinthians 12:19 And if they were all one member,.... As all eye, or all ear, or all hand, or all foot:  where were the body? where would be the body? it would not be a body consisting of such proper and suitable members, as now it is: so if the community of the saints were either all ministers, or all hearers, &c. there would be no body, consisting of different persons, to receive any benefit or usefulness from either; the church of Christ would not be that uniform, useful, and consistent community it is.
1 Corinthians 12:20 But one body - And it is a necessary consequence of this unity, that the several members need one another.
1 Corinthians 12:21 Nor the head - The highest part of all. To the foot - The very lowest.
1 Corinthians 12:22 The members which appear to be weaker - Being of a more delicate and tender structure; perhaps the brains and bowels, or the veins, arteries, and other minute channels in the body.
1 Corinthians 12:23 We surround with more abundant honour - By so carefully covering them. More abundant comeliness - By the help of dress.
1 Corinthians 12:24 Giving more abundant honour to that which lacked - As being cared for and served by the noblest parts.
***1 Corinthians 12:26 And whether one member suffer - As there is a mutual exertion for the general defense, so there is a mutual sympathy. If the eye, the hand, the foot, etc., be injured, the whole man grieves; and if by clothing, or any thing else, any particular member or part is adorned, strengthened, or better secured, it gives a general pleasure to the whole man.
1 Corinthians 12:27 Now ye - Corinthians. Are the body and members of Christ - part of them, I mean, not the whole body.
1 Corinthians 12:28 First apostles - Who plant the gospel in the heathen nations. Secondly prophets - Who either foretel things to come, or speak by extra - ordinary inspiration, for the edification of the church. Thirdly teachers - Who precede even those that work miracles. Under prophets and teachers are comprised evangelists and pastors, Eph_4:11. Helps, governments - It does not appear that these mean distinct offices: rather, any persons might be called helps, from a peculiar dexterity in helping the distressed; and governments, from a peculiar talent for governing or presiding in assemblies.
***1 Corinthians 12:29 Are all apostles, etc. - That is: All are not apostles, all are not prophets, etc.; God has distributed his various gifts among various persons, each of whom is necessary for the complete edification of the body of Christ. On these subjects see the notes on 1Co_12:7-10 (note).
*1 Corinthians 12:30 Have all the gifts of healing?.... No; when these gifts were in being, all had them not. When anointing with oil, in order to heal the sick, was in use, it was only performed by the elders of the church, not by the common members of it, who were to be sent for by the sick on this occasion:  do all speak with tongues? no; it was not true in fact, as they well knew; though this was greatly coveted after, as a following chapter of this epistle shows; do all interpret? that is, unknown tongues, strange languages; or can they? no. This also was a peculiar gift bestowed on some persons only.
1 Corinthians 12:31 Ye covet earnestly the best gifts - And they are worth your pursuit, though but few of you can attain them. But there is a far more excellent gift than all these; and one which all may, yea, must attain or perish.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley

Wednesday, August 30, 2017

I Corinthians 12:1-11

I Corinthians 12:1-11

1. Verses 1-11 What would Paul not have the Corinthian brethren to be ignorant of? (1)

In your own word for what purpose are the spiritual gifts named in this chapter?

What had been the Corinthians past religious practice in this verse? (2) Why point this out?

No man can really say that Jesus is the Lord but by what? (3) What do you think about that?

There are diversities and differences of gifts, administrations, and operations but the same what? (4-6)

What is Paul saying? Why point this out?

Who administers the work of the Spirit? (5) Why?

For what reason is the manifestation of the Spirit given to every man? (7) What does this mean?

What are the nine gifts of the Spirit mentioned? (8-10)

Who divides the gifts of the spirit to every man as He wills? (11) For what purpose?

Discussion Questions
1. Are the gifts in the church as a whole or are they resident in the lives of individuals?

2. Does God grant gifts unnecessary?

3. Do these gift show salvation?

**1 Corinthians 12:1 Now concerning - it is now time that I should speak of spiritual endowments. He had no doubt been consulted in regard to them, and probably various questions had been proposed, which he now proceeded to answer. Spiritual gifts - The word “gifts” is not in the original. The Greek refers to “spiritual” things in general, or to anything that is of a spiritual nature. The whole discussion, however, shows that he refers to the various endowments, gifts, or graces that had been bestowed in different degrees on the members of the church - including the distinctions in graces, and in degrees of office and rank, which had been made in the Christian church in general 1 Cor. 12, as well as the extraordinary endowments of the gift of tongues which had been bestowed upon many, 1 Cor. 14. I would not have you ignorant - The subject is of so much importance that it demands particular attention and special care; compare the note at 1Co 10:1. I would not have you ignorant in regard to the nature of those endowments; the spirit with which they should be received; the rules to which they who are thus favored should be subjected; and the feelings and views which should be cherished in all the members of the church in regard to them. Nothing is of more importance in the church than the doctrine respecting the influences and endowments of the Holy Spirit.
***1 Corinthians 12:2 Ye were Gentiles - Previously to your conversion to the Christian faith; ye were heathens, carried away, not guided by reason or truth, but hurried by your passions into a senseless worship, the chief part of which was calculated only to excite and gratify animal propensities. Dumb idols - Though often supplicated, could never return an answer; so that not only the image could not speak, but the god or demon pretended to be represented by it could not speak: a full proof that an idol was nothing in the world.
1 Corinthians 12:3 Therefore - Since the heathen idols cannot speak themselves, much less give spiritual gifts to others, these must necessarily be among Christians only. As no one speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed - That is, as none who does this, (which all the Jews and heathens did,) speaketh by the Spirit of God - Is actuated by that Spirit, so as to speak with tongues, heal diseases, or cast out devils. So no one can say, Jesus is the Lord - None can receive him as such; for, in the scripture language, to say, or to believe, implies an experimental assurance. But by the Holy Ghost - The sum is, None have the Holy Spirit but Christians: all Christians have this Spirit.
*1 Corinthians 12:4 Now there are diversities of gifts,.... Of spiritual ones, as in 1Co 12:1 which spring from the free grace, and good will and pleasure of God, and are not owing to the merits of men; and therefore such who have the largest share of them should not boast of them as acquired by themselves, or be puffed up on account of them; and those who have the smallest measure should be content and thankful; for though the gifts are different, some have greater, and others lesser, none have all, but all have some, yet not alike:
but the same Spirit; is the author and giver of all as he pleases; the lesser gifts, and the smallest degree of them, come from the Spirit of God, as well as the greater. Gifts here seem to be the general name for all that follow; and administrations and operations are the two species of them; and of these a particular account is afterwards given.
***1 Corinthians 12:5 Differences of administrations - Διακονιων· Various offices in the Church, such as apostle, prophet, and teacher; under which were probably included bishop or presbyter, pastor, deacon, etc.; the qualifications for such offices, as well as the appointments themselves, coming immediately from the one Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Corinthians 12:6 Operations - Effects produced. This word is of a larger extent than either of the former. But it is the same God who worketh all these effects in all the persons concerned.
1 Corinthians 12:7 The manifestation - The gift whereby the Spirit manifests itself. Is given to each - For the profit of the whole body.
*1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit,.... Now follows a distinct and particular enumeration of the operations of the Spirit, though not all of them, yet as many as the apostle thought necessary; and which are called the manifestation of him, and which most clearly show him to be the author of them to different persons; the word of wisdom: by which is meant "the manifold wisdom of God"; the wonderful scheme of salvation through the incarnation, sufferings, and death of Christ, in which God has "abounded in all wisdom and prudence"; together with all other deep, mysterious, and sublime doctrines of the Gospel, the knowledge of which were peculiarly given to the apostles in the first place, who have the first office or ministry in the church, by "the spirit of wisdom"; and which they had a faculty, a gift of declaring, opening, and explaining unto others. To another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; meaning either knowledge of future events; or an universal knowledge of the Scriptures of truth, and the doctrines contained in them, of the whole mind and will of God therein, which is a distinct thing from saving grace: see 1Co 13:2 and is what was given to the prophets, the second office in the church, by him who is the spirit of prophecy, and by whom the prophetical writings were dictated; and therefore he is the best interpreter of them, and who only can lead into the true knowledge thereof.
1 Corinthians 12:9 Faith may here mean an extraordinary trust in God under the most difficult or dangerous circumstances. The gift of healing need not be wholly confined to the healing diseases with a word or a touch. It may exert itself also, though in a lower degree, where natural remedies are applied; and it may often be this, not superior skill, which makes some physicians more successful than others. And thus it may be with regard to other gifts likewise. As, after the golden shields were lost, the king of Judah put brazen in their place, so, after the pure gifts were lost, the power of God exerts itself in a more covert manner, under human studies and helps; and that the more plentifully, according as there is the more room given for it.
1 Corinthians 12:10 The working of other miracles. Prophecy - Foretelling things to come. The discerning - Whether men be of an upright spirit or no; whether they have natural or supernatural gifts for offices in the church; and whether they who profess to speak by inspiration speak from a divine, a natural, or a diabolical spirit.
*1 Corinthians 12:11 But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit,.... Though these gifts, ministrations, and operations, are so different in themselves, and are bestowed upon different persons, yet they are all wrought by one and the same Spirit of God, who is the true Jehovah, and properly God, as these his works declare; for who, but the most high God, could ever communicate such gifts to men? Dividing to every man severally as he will; giving one man this gift, and another that; imparting such a measure to one, and such a portion to another, just as seems good in his sight. For as his special grace in regeneration is dispensed when and where, and to whom he pleases, signified by the blowing of the wind where it listeth, Joh 3:8 so his gifts, ordinary and extraordinary, are severally distributed, according to his sovereign will and pleasure. This is a clear and full proof of the personality of the Spirit, who is not only distinguished from his gifts, and the distribution of them, which is a personal act described to him; but this is said to be done according to his will, which supposes him an intelligent agent, capable of choosing and willing; and whose will agrees with the Father's, and with the Son's.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

I Corinthians 11:17-34

I Corinthians 11:17-34

1. Verses 17-22 Why did Paul give these instructions to the Corinthians? (17)

What do you think about that?

What can improper taking of the Lord’s supper cause? (18) How?

How had the Corinthians abused the observance of the Lord's Supper? (20-21) What does this mean?

What class was shamed when the brethren at Corinth met together and failed to share their food? (22)

What do you think about that?

2. Verses 23-26 Who had taught the Corinthians previously concerning the Lord’s Supper? (23)

Who first used the bread for the body of Christ? (23-24) What does this mean?

After the Lord gave thanks for the bread what did he do next? (24)

What did the Lord say when he took the bread, gave thanks and broke it? (24)

What did the Lord say concerning the cup, when he had supped it? (25) What does this mean?

Until the Lord comes what is shown by partaking of the bread and cup? (26)

3. Verses 27-34 When is one not qualified to partake of the Lord's Supper? (27,29)

What are some results of taking communion in an unworthy manner? (27,29-30)

What do you tonk about that?

What must a man do before eating the Lord’s Supper? (28) Why?

How may we escape the judgments of God? (28,31,33-34) What do you think about that?

Paul wrote “when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord.” For what purpose are we chastened?(32)

Where is a hungry man to eat at? (34)

Discussion Questions
1. What does division in the church look like?

2. What is the difference between feeling unworthy to take communion and taking it unworthily?

3. In your own words what does it mean to be chaste? How does that line up with the Word of God?

**1 Corinthians 11:17 Now in this that I declare - In this that I am about to state to you; to wit, your conduct in regard to the Lord’s Supper. Why this subject is introduced here is not very apparent. The connection may be this. In the subjects immediately preceding he had seen much to commend, and he was desirous of commending them as far as it could be done. In 1Co_11:2 of this chapter he commends them in general for their regard to the ordinances which he had appointed when he was with them. But while he thus commended them, he takes occasion to observe that there was one subject on which he could not employ the language of approval or praise. Of their irregularities in regard to the Lord’s supper he had probably heard by rumor, and as the subject was of great importance, and their irregularities gross and deplorable, he takes occasion to state to them again more fully the nature of that ordinance, and to reprove them for the manner in which they had celebrated it. That ye come together - You assemble for public worship. Not for the better, but for the worse - Your meetings, and your observance of the ordinances of the gospel, do not promote your edification, your piety, spirituality, and harmony; but tend to division, alienation, and disorder. You should assemble to worship God, and promote harmony, love, and piety; the actual effect of your assembling is just the reverse. In what way this was done he states in the following verses. These evil consequences were chiefly two, first, divisions and contentions; and, secondly, the abuse and profanation of the Lord’s Supper.
***1 Corinthians 11:18 There be divisions among you - They had σχισματα, schisms, among them: the old parties were kept up, even in the place where they assembled to eat the Lord’s Supper. The Paulians, the Kephites, and the Apollonians, continued to be distinct parties; and ate their meals separately, even in the same house.
1 Corinthians 11:19 There must be heresies - Divisions. Among you - In the ordinary course of things; and God permits them, that it may appear who among you are, and who are not, upright of heart.
1 Corinthians 11:20 Therefore - That is, in consequence of those schisms. It is not eating the Lord's supper - That solemn memorial of his death; but quite another thing.
***1 Corinthians 11:21 Every one taketh before - his own supper - They had a grand feast, though the different sects kept in parties by themselves; but all took as ample a supper as they could provide, (each bringing his own provisions with him), before they took what was called the Lord’s Supper.
1 Corinthians 11:22 Have ye not houses to eat and drink your common meals in? or do ye despise the church of God - Of which the poor are both the larger and the better part. Do ye act thus in designed contempt of them?
***1 Corinthians 11:23 I have received of the Lord - It is possible that several of the people at Corinth did receive the bread and wine of the eucharist as they did the paschal bread and wine, as a mere commemoration of an event. And as our Lord had by this institution consecrated that bread and wine, not to be the means of commemorating the deliverance from Egypt, and their joy on the account, but their deliverance from sin and death by his passion and cross; therefore the apostle states that he had received from the Lord what he delivered; viz. that the eucharistic bread and wine were to be understood of the accomplishment of that of which the paschal lamb was the type - the body broken for them, the blood shed for them. The Lord Jesus - took bread - See the whole of this account, collated with the parallel passages in the four Gospels, amply explained in my Discourse on the Eucharist, and in the notes on Matthew 26.
1 Corinthians 11:24 This is my body, which is broken for you - That is, this broken bread is the sign of my body, which is even now to be pierced and wounded for your iniquities. Take then, and eat of, this bread, in an humble, thankful, obediential remembrance of my dying love; of the extremity of my sufferings on your behalf, of the blessings I have thereby procured for you, and of the obligations to love and duty which I have by all this laid upon you.
1 Corinthians 11:25 After supper - Therefore ye ought not to confound this with a common meal. Do this in remembrance of me - The ancient sacrifices were in remembrance of sin: this sacrifice, once offered, is still represented in remembrance of the remission of sins.
***1 Corinthians 11:26 Ye do show the Lord’s death - As in the passover they showed forth the bondage they had been in, and the redemption they had received from it; so in the eucharist they showed forth the sacrificial death of Christ, and the redemption from sin derived from it.
1 Corinthians 11:27 Whosoever shall eat this bread unworthily - That is, in an unworthy, irreverent manner; without regarding either Him that appointed it, or the design of its appointment. Shall be guilty of profaning that which represents the body and blood of the Lord.
1 Corinthians 11:28 But let a man examine himself - Whether he know the nature and the design of the institution, and whether it be his own desire and purpose throughly to comply therewith.
1 Corinthians 11:29 For he that eateth and drinketh so unworthily as those Corinthians did, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself - Temporal judgments of various kinds, 1Co_11:30. Not distinguishing the sacred tokens of the Lord's body - From his common food.
***1 Corinthians 11:30 For this cause - That they partook of this sacred ordinance without discerning the Lord’s body; many are weak and sickly: it is hard to say whether these words refer to the consequences of their own intemperance or to some extraordinary disorders inflicted immediately by God himself. That there were disorders of the most reprehensible kind among these people at this sacred supper, the preceding verses sufficiently point out; and after such excesses, many might be weak and sickly among them, and many might sleep, i.e. die; for continual experience shows us that many fall victims to their own intemperance. How ever, acting as they did in this solemn and awful sacrament, they might have “provoked God to plague them with divers diseases and sundry kinds of death.” Communion service.
1 Corinthians 11:31 If we would judge ourselves - As to our knowledge, and the design with which we approach the Lord's table. We should not be thus judged - That is, punished by God.
1 Corinthians 11:32 When we are thus judged, it is with this merciful design, that we may not be finally condemned with the world.
**1 Corinthians 11:33 When ye come together to eat - Professedly to eat the Lord’s Supper.
Tarry one for another - Do not be guilty of disorder, intemperance, and gluttony; see the note at 1Co_11:21. Doddridge understands this of the feast that he supposes to have preceded the Lord’s Supper. But the more obvious interpretation is, to refer it to the Lord’s Supper itself; and to enjoin perfect order, respect, and sobriety. The idea is, that the table was common for the rich and the poor; and that the rich should claim no priority or precedence over the poor.
*1 Corinthians 11:34 And if any man hunger let him eat at home,.... Whereby the apostle shows his dislike of their ante-suppers in the place of public worship, at which they behaved in so indecent a manner, neglecting the poor, and too freely indulging themselves; and therefore if anyone was hungry, and could not wait till the Lord's supper was over, let him eat at home before he come to the place of worship, and satisfy his appetite, that he might with more ease and decency attend the table of the Lord:  that ye come not together unto condemnation or judgment; that is, that you may so behave when ye come together, that you may not bring upon you the judgment of the Lord, either by way of punishment or chastisement; that is to say, bodily diseases or death.  And the rest will I set in order when I come: meaning, not doctrines of faith, but things respecting ecclesiastical order and polity, which were amiss among them.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

I Corinthians 11:1-16

I Corinthians 11:1-16

To whom did Paul say “Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ?” (1) What is the context?

1. Verses 1-16 What does Paul ask the Corinthians to keep as he delivered to them? (2)

Why mention this?

Who is the head of every man? Who is the head of every woman? Who is the head of Christ? (3)

Why did Paul lay out things in this order?

Why is the man not to wear a head covering, or have long hair? (4) What does this mean?

Paul wrote “if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven” What was she to do? (6) Why?

Why shouldn’t a man have his head covered? (7-9)

For whose glory is a woman in this verse? (7)

For who was the woman created? (9) What do you think about that?

What shows the teamwork of a man and a woman? (11-12) What does this mean?

What relationship is common to both man and woman? (12)

What does nature teach about a man who has long hair? (14)

If a woman has long hair it is what to her? (15)

Discussion Questions

1. What did Paul mean when he said “we have no such custom, nor do the churches of God”?

2. Is the man the boss of the women?

**1 Corinthians 11:1 Be ye followers of me - Imitate my example in the matter now under discussion. As I deny myself; as I seek to give no offence to anyone; as I endeavor not to alarm the prejudices of others, but in all things to seek their salvation, so do you. This verse belongs to the previous chapter, and should not have been separated from it. It is the close of the discussion there. Even as I also am of Christ - I make Christ my example. He is my model in all things; and if you follow him, and follow me as far as I follow him, you will not err. This is the only safe example; and if we follow this, we can never go astray.
***1 Corinthians 11:2 That ye remember me in all things - It appears that the apostle had previously given them a variety of directions relative to the matters mentioned here; that some had paid strict attention to them, and that others had not; and that contentions and divisions were the consequences, which he here reproves and endeavors to rectify. While Paul and Apollos had preached among them, they had undoubtedly prescribed every thing that was necessary to be observed in the Christian worship: but it is likely that those who joined in idol festivals wished also to introduce something relative to the mode of conducting the idol worship into the Christian assembly, which they might think was an improvement on the apostle’s plan.
1 Corinthians 11:3 I would have you know - He does not seem to have given them any order before concerning this. The head of every man - Particularly every believer. Is Christ, and the head of Christ is God - Christ, as he is Mediator, acts in all things subordinately to his Father. But we can no more infer that they are not of the same divine nature, because God is said to be the head of Christ, than that man and woman are not of the same human nature, because the man is said to be the head of the woman.
1 Corinthians 11:4 Every man praying or prophesying - Speaking by the immediate power of God. With his head - And face. Covered - Either with a veil or with long hair. Dishonoureth his head - St. Paul seems to mean, As in these eastern nations veiling the head is a badge of subjection, so a man who prays or prophesies with a veil on his head, reflects a dishonour on Christ, whose representative he is.
1 Corinthians 11:5 But every woman - Who, under an immediate impulse of the Spirit, (for then only was a woman suffered to speak in the church,) prays or prophesies without a veil on her face, as it were disclaims subjection, and reflects dishonour on man, her head. For it is the same, in effect, as if she cut her hair short, and wore it in the distinguishing form of the men. In those ages, men wore their hair exceeding short, as appears from the ancient statues and pictures.
**1 Corinthians 11:6 For if the woman be not covered - If her head be not covered with a veil. Let her also be shorn - Let her long hair be cut off. Let her lay aside all the usual and proper indications of her sex and rank in life. If it is done in one respect, it may with the same propriety be done in all. But if it be a shame ... - If custom, nature, and habit; if the common and usual feelings and views among people would pronounce this to be a shame, the other would be pronounced to be a shame also by the same custom and common sense of people.
Let her be covered - With a veil. Let her wear the customary attire indicative of modesty and a sense of subordination. Let her not lay this aside even on any pretence of religion.
1 Corinthians 11:7 A man indeed ought not to veil his head, because he is the image of God - In the dominion he bears over the creation, representing the supreme dominion of God, which is his glory. But the woman is only matter of glory to the man, who has a becoming dominion over her. Therefore she ought not to appear, but with her head veiled, as a tacit acknowledgment of it.
1 Corinthians 11:8 The man is not - In the first production of nature.
***1 Corinthians 11:9 Neither was the man created, etc. - Και γαρ ουκ εκτισθη· for the man was not created upon the woman’s account. The reason is plain from what is mentioned above; and from the original creation of woman she was made for the man, to be his proper or suitable helper.
1 Corinthians 11:10 For this cause also a woman ought to be veiled in the public assemblies, because of the angels - Who attend there, and before whom they should be careful not to do anything indecent or irregular.
1 Corinthians 11:11 Nevertheless in the Lord Jesus, there is neither male nor female - Neither is excluded; neither is preferred before the other in his kingdom.
**1 Corinthians 11:12 As the woman is of the man - In the original creation, she was formed from the man. So is the man also by the woman - Is born of the woman, or descended from her. The sexes are dependent on each other, and should therefore cultivate an indissoluble union. But all things of God - All things were created and arranged by him. This expression seems designed to suppress any spirit of complaint or dissatisfaction with this arrangement; to make the woman contented in her subordinate station, and to make the man humble by the consideration that it is all owing to the appointment of God. The woman should therefore be contented, and the man should not assume any improper superiority, since the whole arrangement and appointment is of God.
1 Corinthians 11:13 Judge of yourselves - For what need of more arguments if so plain a case? Is it decent for a woman to pray to God - The Most High, with that bold and undaunted air which she must have, when, contrary to universal custom, she appears in public with her head uncovered?
1 Corinthians 11:14 For a man to have long hair, carefully adjusted, is such a mark of effeminacy as is a disgrace to him.
***1 Corinthians 11:15 But if a woman have long hair - The Author of their being has given a larger proportion of hair to the head of women than to that of men; and to them it is an especial ornament, and may in various cases serve as a veil.
It is a certain fact that a man’s long hair renders him contemptible, and a woman’s long hair renders her more amiable. Nature and the apostle speak the same language; we may account for it as we please.
1 Corinthians 11:16 We have no such custom here, nor any of the other churches of God - The several churches that were in the apostles' time had different customs in things that were not essential; and that under one and the same apostle, as circumstances, in different places, made it convenient. And in all things merely indifferent the custom of each place was of sufficient weight to determine prudent and peaceable men. Yet even this cannot overrule a scrupulous conscience, which really doubts whether the thing be indifferent or no. But those who are referred to here by the apostle were contentious, not conscientious, persons.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

I Corinthians 10:14-33

I Corinthians 10:14-33

1. Verses 14- 22 Paul advised to flee from fornication. What else were they to flee? (14)

How did Paul speak to the Corinthians? (15) What is Paul saying?

The cup of blessing is the communion of what? (16)

What is the communion of the body of Christ? (17)

What do those that partake in eating sacrifices part of? (18-19) What do you think about that?

The Gentiles sacrifices were sacrificed to what? (20)

Paul did not wish the Corinthians to have fellowship with whom? (20) Why?

The Corinthians could not be partakers of the Lord’s Table and the table of whom? (21) Why?

Whom can we not provoke to jealousy? (22) What is being said?

2. Verses 23-33 Some things are lawful but do not what? (23) What does this mean?

For what reason does Paul say “eat whatsoever is sold in shambles asking no questions?” (25)

What do you think about that?

The earth and the fullness there of belongs to whom? (26)

What were the Corinthian’s told to do if they were invited to a feast given by unbelievers? (27)

What do you think about that?

When shouldn't we eat? (28)

What should be the motive for our conduct? (31-33) What do you think about that?

To whom was Paul referring to when advised the Corinthians to give none offense? (32)

Who said, “Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved?” (33)

Discussion Questions
1. How can the same things that kept some of the Israelite's form the Promised Land keep us out of

2. How does this chapter show a person can make a good start but not end up saved?

***1 Corinthians 10:14 Therefore - flee from idolatry - This is a trial of no great magnitude; to escape from so gross a temptation requires but a moderate portion of grace and circumspection.
**1 Corinthians 10:15 I speak as to wise men ... - I speak to people qualified to understand the subject; and present reasons which will commend themselves to you. The reasons referred to are those which occupy the remainder of the chapter.
1 Corinthians 10:16 The cup which we bless - By setting it apart to a sacred use, and solemnly invoking the blessing of God upon it. Is it not the communion of the blood of Christ - The means of our partaking of those invaluable benefits, which are the purchase of the blood of Christ. The communion of the body of Christ - The means of our partaking of those benefits which were purchased by the body of Christ - offered for us.
1 Corinthians 10:17 For it is this communion which makes us all one. We being many are yet, as it were, but different parts of one and the same broken bread, which we receive to unite us in one body.
1 Corinthians 10:18 Consider Israel after the flesh - Christians are the spiritual "Israel of God." Are not they who eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar - Is not this an act of communion with that God to whom they are offered? And is not the case the same with those who eat of the sacrifices which have been offered to idols?
***1 Corinthians 10:19 What say I then? - A Jewish phrase for, I conclude; and this is his conclusion: that although an idol is nothing, has neither power nor influence, nor are things offered to idols any thing the worse for being thus offered; yet, as the things sacrificed by the Gentiles are sacrificed to demons and not to God, those who partake of them have fellowship with demons: those who profess Christianity cannot have fellowship both with Christ and the devil.
1 Corinthians 10:21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils - You cannot have communion with both.
***1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? - All idolatry is represented as a sort of spiritual adultery; it is giving that heart to Satan that should be devoted to God; and he is represented as being jealous, because of the infidelity of those who have covenanted to give their hearts to him. Are we stronger than he? - As he has threatened to punish such transgressors, and will infallibly do it, can we resist his omnipotence? A sinner should consider, while he is in rebellion against God, whether he be able to resist that power whereby God will inflict vengeance.
***1 Corinthians 10:23 All things are lawful for me - I may lawfully eat all kinds of food, but all are not expedient; ου παντα συμφερει· It would not be becoming in me to eat of all, because I should by this offend and grieve many weak minds. See the notes on 1Co_6:12, etc.
*1 Corinthians 10:24 Let no man seek his own,.... His carnal pleasure and private advantage in eating things sacrificed to "idols", to the hurt and disadvantage of his brethren; otherwise it is lawful for a man to seek his own good, temporal, spiritual, and eternal, to seek for the necessaries of life, his spiritual peace and comfort, and his everlasting welfare and happiness; but then he should not only seek his own, but every man another's wealth, or "that which is another's"; for the word "wealth" is not in the original text. The apostle's meaning is, that a man, in the use of things indifferent, should not seek the gratifying of his sensual appetite or other passions, what may be pleasing or profitable to himself; but should consult the profit and edification of others.
1 Corinthians 10:25 The apostle now applies this principle to the point in question. Asking no questions - Whether it has been sacrificed or not.
***1 Corinthians 10:26 For the earth is the Lord’s - And because God made the earth and its fullness, all animals, plants, and vegetables, there can be nothing in it or them impure or unholy; because all are the creatures of God.
***1 Corinthians 10:27 If any - bid you to a feast - The apostle means any common meal, not an idol festival; for to such no Christian could lawfully go. Whatsoever is set before you, eat - Do not act as the Jews generally do, torturing both themselves and others with questions, such as those mentioned in 1Co_10:26.
1 Corinthians 10:28 For his sake that showed thee, and for conscience' sake - That is, for the sake of his weak conscience, lest it should be wounded.
1 Corinthians 10:29 Conscience I say, not thy own - I speak of his conscience, not thine. For why is my liberty judged by another's conscience - Another's conscience is not the standard of mine, nor is another's persuasion the measure of my liberty.
*1 Corinthians 10:30 For if I by grace be a partaker,.... Either of Christian liberty, through the grace of God; or of the creatures God has given men to eat of through his goodness, and which are enjoyed by the saints with thankfulness: why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks? that is, why should I expose myself to evil tongues, the blasphemies and reproaches of men, by eating things of this kind, under this circumstance, when there are so many creatures I can use without offence, and be thankful for? or why should my liberty be reproached through an imprudent use of it, for which I have the utmost reason to be thankful? wherefore upon the whole it is best to deny one's self in such a case, rather than risk one's character, the glory of God, and the honour of religion.
***1 Corinthians 10:31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink - As no general rule can be laid down in reference to the above particulars, there is one maxim of which no Christian must lose sight - that whether he eats or drinks of this or the other kind of aliments, or whatever else he may do, he must do it so as to bring glory to God. This is a sufficient rule to regulate every man’s conscience and practice in all indifferent things, where there are no express commands or prohibitions.
***1 Corinthians 10:32 Give none offense, etc. - Scrupulously avoid giving any cause of offense either to the unconverted Jews or the unconverted Gentiles, so as to prejudice them against Christianity: nor to the Church of God, made up of converts from the above parties.
**1 Corinthians 10:33 Even as I ... - Paul here proposes his own example as their guide. The example which he refers to is that which he had exhibited as described in this and the preceding chapters. His main object had been to please all people; that is, not to alarm their prejudices, or needlessly to excite their opposition (see the note at 1Co_9:19-23), while he made known to them the truth, and sought their salvation - It is well when a minister can without ostentation appeal to his own example, and urge others to a life of self-denial and holiness, by his own manner of living, and by what he is himself in his daily walk and conversation.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley