Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Revelation 20:1-5

Revelation 20:1-15

1. Verses 1-3 What did the angel with the key to the bottomless pit do? (1-3)

Where will that old Devil be bound and cast into in verse three of the book of Revelations? (3)

For how long will Satan be cast into the bottomless pit in this verse? (3) What does this mean?

2. Verses 4-6 Who besides Jesus Christ will judgment be given to in verse four of the book of Revelations? (4)

What do you think about that?

Who will live and reign with Christ for a thousand years? (4,6) How?

When will the rest of the dead live again? (5) Why?

3. Verses 7-10 What will Satan do after the thousand years are expired? (7-9)
What does this mean?

How long will the Devil be cast into the lake of fire and brimstone? (10)
What do you think about that?

4. Verses 11-15 What will come into view after the destruction of Satan’s last forces? (11)

How are those appearing before this throne designated in verse twelve? (12)

From what will the dead be judged out of in this verse? (12) What do you think about that?

If one’s name is not found in the book of life, regardless of the degree of his good deeds, what will be the result? (15)

What  do you think about that?

Discussion Questions
1. Why is the enemy cast into the lake of fire?
2. Why are the lost cast into the lake of fire?
3. What does it mean to have a rebellion crushed?

***Revelation 20:1 An angel came down from heaven - One of the executors of the Divine justice, who receives criminals, and keeps them in prison, and delivers them up only to be tried and executed. The key of the prison and the chain show who he is; and as the chain was great, it shows that the culprit was impeached of no ordinary crimes.
***Revelation 20:2 The dragon - See the notes on Rev_12:9. That old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan - He who is called the old serpent is the Devil - the calumniator, and Satan - the opposer. He who supposes that the term old serpent here plainly proves that the creature that tempted our first parents was actually a snake, must enjoy his opinion; and those who can receive such a saying, why let them receive it. Selah. A thousand years - In what this binding of Satan consists, who can tell? How many visions have been seen on this subject both in ancient and modern times! This, and what is said Rev_20:3-5, no doubt refers to a time in which the influence of Satan will be greatly restrained, and the true Church of God enjoy great prosperity, which shall endure for a long time. But it is not likely that the number, a thousand years, is to be taken literally here, and year symbolically and figuratively in all the book beside. The doctrine of the millennium, or of the saints reigning on earth a thousand years, with Christ for their head, has been illustrated and defended by many Christian writers, both among the ancients and moderns. Were I to give a collection of the conceits of the primitive fathers on this subject, my readers would have little reason to applaud my pains. It has long been the idle expectation of many persons that the millennium, in their sense, was at hand; and its commencement has been expected in every century since the Christian era. It has been fixed for several different years, during the short period of my own life! I believed those predictions to be vain, and I have lived to see them such. Yet there is no doubt that the earth is in a state of progressive moral improvement; and that the light of true religion is shining more copiously everywhere, and will shine more and more to the perfect day. But when the religion of Christ will be at its meridian of light and heat, we know not. In each believer this may speedily take place; but probably no such time shall ever appear, in which evil shall be wholly banished from the earth, till after the day of judgment, when the earth having been burnt up, a new heaven and a new earth shall be produced out of the ruins of the old, by the mighty power of God: righteousness alone shall dwell in them. The phraseology of the apostle here seems partly taken from the ancient prophets, and partly rabbinical; and it is from the Jewish use of those terms that we are to look for their interpretation.
***Revelation 20:3 He should deceive the nations no more - Be unable to blind men with superstition and idolatry as he had formerly done.
***Revelation 20:5 The rest of the dead lived not again - It is generally supposed from these passages that all who have been martyred for the truth of God shall be raised a thousand years before the other dead, and reign on earth with Christ during that time, after which the dead in general shall be raised; but this also is very doubtful.
Revelation 20:6 They shall be priests of God and of Christ - Therefore Christ is God. And shall reign with him - With Christ, a thousand years.
**Revelation 20:7 And when the thousand years are expired - See Rev_20:2. Satan shall be loosed out of his prison - See Rev_20:3. That is, a state of things will then occur as if Satan should be for a time let loose again, and should be permitted to go as formerly over the world. No intimation is given “why or how” he would be thus released from his prison. We are not, however, to infer that it would be a mere arbitrary act on the part of God. All that is necessary to be supposed is, that there would be, in certain parts of the world, a temporary outbreak of wickedness, as if Satan were for a time released from his chains.
Revelation 20:8 And shall go forth to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth - (That is, in all the earth) - the more diligently, as he hath been so long restrained, and knoweth he hath but a small time. Gog and Magog - Magog, the second son of Japhet, is the father of the innumerable northern nations toward the east. The prince of these nations, of which the bulk of that army will consist, is termed Gog by Ezekiel also, Eze_38:2. Both Gog and Magog signify high or lifted up; a name well suiting both the prince and people. When that fierce leader of many nations shall appear, then will his own name be known. To gather them - Both Gog and his armies. Of Gog, little more is said, as being soon mingled with the rest in the common slaughter. The Revelation speaks of this the more briefly, because it had been so particularly described by Ezekiel. Whose number is as the sand of the sea - Immensely numerous: a proverbial expression.
*Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them,.... Both before death, in the present life, by tempting and drawing them into immorality and profaneness, or idolatry, superstition, and will worship, or persecution of the saints; and after their resurrection, by instigating them to make this foolish attempt upon the saints of the most High:  was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone; the same with the everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels; this will be his full torment, in which he is not as yet; and this will not be until the judgment is finished hereafter described; though it is here mentioned to issue the account of Satan at once, and to show what will be his final state and condition:  where the beast and false prophet are; Rev_19:20 who for so many years have been companions in wickedness together; the beast being the first beast that received his power, seat, and authority from the dragon, or devil; the false prophet being the second beast, or antichrist in his ecclesiastical capacity, as the beast is antichrist in his civil power, whose coming is after the working of Satan, with signs and lying wonders: and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever; that is, not only the devil, but the beast and false prophet, for the word is in the plural number: and this will be the case of all wicked men, of all whose minds are enmity to God and Christ, and to his people; and is a proof of the eternity of hell torments.
Revelation 20:12 And I saw the dead, great and small - Of every age and condition. This includes, also, those who undergo a change equivalent to death, 1Co_15:51. And the books - Human judges have their books written with pen and ink: how different is the nature of these books! Were opened - O how many hidden things will then come to light; and how many will have quite another appearance than they had before in the sight of men! With the book of God's omniscience, that of conscience will then exactly tally. The book of natural law, as well as of revealed, will then also be displayed. It is not said, The books will be read: the light of that day will make them visible to all. Then, particularly, shall every man know himself, and that with the last exactness This will be the first true, full, impartial, universal history. And another book - Wherein are enrolled all that are accepted through the Beloved; all who lived and died in the faith that worketh by love. Which is the book of life, was opened - What manner of expectation will then be, with regard to the issue of the whole! Mal_3:16, &c.
Revelation 20:13 Death and hades gave up the dead that were in them - Death gave up all the bodies of men; and hades, the receptacle of separate souls, gave them up, to be re - united to their bodies.
Revelation 20:14 And death and hades were cast into the lake of fire - That is, were abolished for ever; for neither the righteous nor the wicked were to die any more: their souls and bodies were no more to be separated. Consequently, neither death nor hades could any more have a being.
***Revelation 20:15 Written in the book of life - Only those who had continued faithful unto death were taken to heaven. All whose names were not found in the public registers, who either were not citizens, or whose names had been erased from those registers because of crimes against the state, could claim none of those emoluments or privileges which belong to the citizens; so those who either did not belong to the new and spiritual Jerusalem, or who had forfeited their rights and privileges by sin, and had died in that state, were cast into the lake of fire. This is the way in which God, at the day of judgment, will proceed with sinners and apostates. Reader, see that thy name be written in the sacred register; and  if written in, see that it never be blotted out.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Revelation 19:1-21

Revelation 19:1-21

1. Verses 1-10 How many times was the word “Alleluia” mentioned in verses one through six? (1-6)

What does the word “Alleluia” Mean? Why were the people saying this?

What three reasons are given for rejoicing in Heaven in these verses? (2), (6-7) What do you think about that?

What will the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures say? (4) Who were they?

Where does the voice come from that calls for praise, because of the marriage of the Lamb are come? (5)

What does this mean? How does this coincide with Heaven closing in Chapter 15 Verse 8?

Why else will they rejoice? (7-8)

How are the wedding guest’s dresses in this verse eight of the book of Revelations? (8) Why?

Who is blessed? (9) What does this mean?

Who did John attempt to worship? (10) What do you think about that?

What is the real Spirit of Prophecy in this verse ten of the book of Revelations? (10)

2. Verses 11-16 What immediately follows the marriage supper of the Lamb in verse eleven? (11)

What did He who sat on the white horse look like and what written? (12-13) Who could understand the name? Why?

How will the Lamb rule the all nations in this verse fifteen of the book of Revelations? (15)  What does that mean?

What name was written on the Lamb’s vesture? (16)

3. Verses 17-21 What did the angel say to the fowls? (17-18,21)

Who gathered to make war against the one that sat on the horse? (19)

What happened to the beast and the false prophet in verse twenty of the book of Revelations? (20)

Discussion Questions
1. Who is invited to the wedding feast of the Lamb?
2. How does God defeat the beast?

Revelation 19:1 I heard a loud voice of a great multitude - Whose blood the great whore had shed. Saying, Hallelujah - This Hebrew word signifies, Praise ye Jah, or Him that is. God named himself to Moses, EHEIEH, that is, I will be, Exo_3:14; and at the same time, "Jehovah," that is, "He that is, and was, and is to come:" during the trumpet of the seventh angel, he is styled, "He that is and was," Rev_16:5; and not "He that is to come;" because his long - expected coming is under this trumpet actually present. At length he is styled, "Jah," "He that is;" the past together with the future being swallowed up in the present, the former things being no more mentioned, for the greatness of those that now are. This title is of all others the most peculiar to the everlasting God. The salvation - Is opposed to the destruction which the great whore had brought upon the earth. His power and glory - Appear from the judgment executed on her, and from the setting up his kingdom to endure through all ages.
***Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous - His judgments displayed in supporting his followers, and punishing his enemies, are true - according to his predictions; and righteous, being all according to infinite justice and equity.
**Revelation 19:3 And again they said, Alleluia - See the notes on Rev_19:1. The event was so glorious and so important; the final destruction of the great enemy of the church was of so much moment in its bearing on the welfare of the world, as to call forth repeated expressions of praise. And her smoke rose up forever and ever - See the notes on Rev_14:11. This is an image of final ruin; the image being derived probably from the description in Genesis of the smoke that ascended from the cities of the plain, Gen_19:28. On the joy expressed here in her destruction, compare the notes on Rev_18:20.
***Revelation 19:4 The four and twenty elders - The true Church of the Lord Jesus converted from among the Jews. See Rev_4:10; Rev_5:14.
***Revelation 19:5 Praise our God, etc. - Let all, whether redeemed from among Jews or Gentiles, give glory to God.
Revelation 19:6 And I heard the voice of a great multitude. So all his servants did praise him. The Almighty reigneth - More eminently and gloriously than ever before.
***Revelation 19:7 The marriage of the Lamb is come - The meaning of these figurative expressions appears to be this: After this overthrow of idolatry and superstition, and the discomfiture of antichrist, there will be a more glorious state of Christianity than ever was before.
Revelation 19:8 And it is given to her - By God. The bride is all holy men, the whole invisible church. To be arrayed in fine linen, white and clean - This is an emblem of the righteousness of the saints - Both of their justification and sanctification.
Revelation 19:9 And he - The angel, saith to me, Write - St. John seems to have been so amazed at these glorious sights, that he needeth to be reminded of this. Happy are they who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb - Called to glory. And he saith - After a little pause.
Revelation 19:10 And I fell before his feet to worship him - It seems, mistaking him for the angel of the covenant. But he saith, See thou do it not - In the original, it is only, See not, with a beautiful abruptness. To pray to or worship the highest creature is flat idolatry. I am thy fellowservant and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus - I am now employed as your fellowservant, to testify of the Lord Jesus, by the same Spirit which inspired the prophets of old.
***Revelation 19:11 A white horse - This is an exhibition of the triumph of Christ after the destruction of his enemies. The white horse is the emblem of this, and Faithful and True are characters of Christ. See Rev_3:14. In righteousness he doth judge and make war - The wars which he wages are from no principle of ambition, lust of power, or extension of conquest and dominion; they are righteous in their principle and in their object. And this is perhaps what no earthly potentate could ever say.
Revelation 19:12 And his eyes are a flame of fire - They were said to be as or like a flame of fire, before, Rev_1:14; an emblem of his omniscience. And upon his head are many diadems - For he is king of all nations. And he hath a name written, which none knoweth but himself - As God he is incomprehensible to every creature.
Revelation 19:13 And he is clothed in a vesture dipped in blood - The blood of the enemies he hath already conquered. Isa_63:1, &c
***Revelation 19:14 The armies which were in heaven - Angels and saints over whom Jesus Christ is Captain, Clothed in fine linen - All holy, pure, and righteous.
***Revelation 19:15 Out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword - See on Rev_1:16 (note). This appears to mean the word of the Gospel, by which his enemies are confounded, and his friends supported and comforted.
With a rod of iron - He shall execute the severest judgment on the opposers of his truth. He treaded the winepress - As the grapes are trodden to express the juice, so his enemies shall be bruised and beaten, so that their life’s blood shall be poured out.
Revelation 19:16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh - That is, on the part of his vesture which is upon his thigh. A name written - It was usual of old, for great personages in the eastern countries, to have magnificent titles affixed to their garments.
Revelation 19:17 Gather yourselves together to the great supper of God - As to a great feast, which the vengeance of God will soon provide; a strongly figurative expression, (taken from Eze_39:17,) denoting the vastness of the ensuing slaughter.
***Revelation 19:18 That ye may eat the flesh of kings - There shall be a universal destruction; the kings, generals, captains, and all their host, shall be slain.
**Revelation 19:19 And I saw the beast - notes on Rev_13:1, Rev_13:11. Compare Rev_17:13. And the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together - There is allusion here to the same assembling of hostile forces which is described in Rev_16:13-14, for the great decisive battle that is to determine the destiny of the world - the question whether the Messiah or antichrist shall reign. There can be no doubt that the writer in these passages designed to refer to the same events - the still future scenes that are to occur when the Roman, the pagan, and the Muhammedan powers shall be aroused to make common cause against the true religion, and shall stake all on the issue of the great conflict. See the notes on Rev_16:13-14.  Against him that sat on the horse - The Messiah - the Son of God. notes on Rev_19:11. And against his army - The hosts that are associated with him - his redeemed people. See the notes on Rev_19:14.
***Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and - the false prophet - See the notes on Rev_17:8, etc. That worshipped his image - The beast has been represented as the Latin empire; the image of the beast, the popes of Rome; and the false prophet, the papal clergy. Were cast alive into a lake of fire - Were discomfited when alive - in the zenith of their power, and destroyed with an utter destruction.
Revelation 19:21 Here is a most magnificent description of the overthrow of the beast and his adherents. It has, in particular, one exquisite beauty; that, after exhibiting the two opposite armies, and all the apparatus for a battle, Rev_19:11-19; then follows immediately, Rev_19:20, the account of the victory, without one word of an engagement or fighting. Here is the most exact propriety; for what struggle can there be between omnipotence, and the power of all the creation united against it! Every description must have fallen short of this admirable silence.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Revelation 18:1-24

Revelation 18:1-24

1. Verses 1-8 How does the Angel describe her, after announcing the fall of Babylon the Great? (2)

What three groups are named as guilty of her sins in verse three of the book of Revelations? (3)

What does this mean?

Who will be commanded to come out of Babylon before destruction falls on her? (4-5) Why?

Who does judge her in righteousness in the verses of the book of Revelations? (6-8)

How fast will the judgment come upon Babylon? (8,10) What does this mean?

2. Verses 9-20 What will the kings of the earth do when they see her burning? (9-10)

What does this mean?

Why will the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her for in these verses? (11-14)

What do you think about that?

How fast will the great riches come to nothing? (17,19) Why?

What will the shipmasters and sailors do? (17-19) Why?

Does Heaven rejoice over the fall of Babylon in the verse of the book of Revelations? (20)

What do you think about that?

3. Verses 21-24 What does the Mighty Angel do with the stone that is like a great millstone? (21)

What will the mighty angel who threw the stone into the sea say? (21-24)

Why did the angle say these things? What do you think about that?

Discussion Questions

1. What is doomed to fall?

2. What will happen to the modern world if our Babylon were to fall?

3. How do we prevent relying on the world?

**Revelation 18:1 And after these things - After the vision referred to in the previous chapter.I saw another angel come down from heaven - Different from the one that had last appeared, and therefore coming to make a new communication to him. It is not unusual in this book that different communications should be entrusted to different angels. Compare Rev_14:6, Rev_14:8-9, Rev_14:15, Rev_14:17-18. Having great power - That is, he was one of the higher rank or order of angels.And the earth was lightened with his glory - The usual representation respecting the heavenly beings. Compare Exo_24:16; Mat_17:2; Luk_2:9; Act_9:3. This would, of course, add greatly to the magnificence of the scene.
***Revelation 18:2 Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen - This is a quotation from Isa_21:9 : And he said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground. This is applied by some to Rome pagan; by others to Rome papal; and by others to Jerusalem. Is become - the hold of every foul spirit - See the parallel passages in the margin. The figures here point out the most complete destruction. A city utterly sacked and ruined, never to be rebuilt.
***Revelation 18:3 The wine of the wrath - The punishment due to her transgressions, because they have partaken with her in her sins. See the note on Rev_14:8.
Revelation 18:4 And I heard another voice - Of Christ, whose people, secretly scattered even there, are warned of her approaching destruction. That ye be not partakers of her sins - That is, of the fruits of them. What a remarkable providence it was that the Revelation was printed in the midst of Spain, in the great Polyglot Bible, before the Reformation! Else how much easier had it been for the Papists to reject the whole book, than it is to evade these striking parts of it.
***Revelation 18:5 Her sins have reached unto heaven - They are become so great and enormous that the long-suffering of God must give place to his justice.
Revelation 18:6 Reward her - This God speaks to the executioners of his vengeance. Even as she hath rewarded - Others; in particular, the saints of God. And give her double - This, according to the Hebrew idiom, implies only a full retaliation.
***Revelation 18:7 How much she hath glorified herself - By every act of transgression and sinful pampering of the body she has been preparing for herself a suitable and proportionate punishment.
***Revelation 18:8 Therefore shall her plagues come - Death, by the sword of her adversaries; mourning on account of the slaughter; and famine, the fruits of the field being destroyed by the hostile bands. Utterly burned with fire - Of what city is this spoken? Rome pagan has never been thus treated; Alaric and Totilas burnt only some parts with fire. Rome papal has not been thus treated; but this is true of Jerusalem, and yet Jerusalem is not generally thought to be intended.
*Revelation 18:9 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication,.... Idolatry, Rev_17:2 and lived deliciously with her; Rev_18:3 joining with her in her sensual, as well as in her idolatrous practices: shall bewail her, and lament for her: shall mourn inwardly, and by various gestures outwardly express their sorrow at her desolation; see Eze_27:30 these will not be the ten kings who will burn the whore with fire, and then repent of what they have done, and weep over her, as Titus did at the destruction of Jerusalem, as some Popish writers have fancied, for they will hate the whore, and eat her flesh; but earthly and idolatrous kings, who will be in the communion of the church of Rome: when they shall see the smoke of her burning: as Abraham saw the smoke of Sodom and Gomorrah go up like the smoke of a furnace; by which they will perceive that her judgment is come, and her ruin begun.
***Revelation 18:10 Standing afar off - Beholding her desolations with wonder and astonishment, utterly unable to afford her any kind of assistance.
**Revelation 18:11 And the merchants of the earth - Who have been accustomed to traffic with her, and who have been enriched by the traffic. The image is that of a rich and splendid city. Of course, such a city depends much on its merchandise; and when it declines and falls, many who had been accustomed to deal with it, as merchants or traffickers, are affected by it, and have occasion to lament its fall. Shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise anymore - The merchandise which they were accustomed to take to the city, and by the sale of which they lived. The enumeration of the articles of merchandise which follows, seems to have been inserted for the purpose of filling out the representation of what is usually found in such a city, and to show the desolation which would occur when this traffic was suspended.
Revelation 18:12 Merchandise of gold, &c. - Almost all these are still in use at Rome, both in their idolatrous service, and in common life. Fine linen - The sort of it mentioned in the original is exceeding costly. Thyine wood - A sweet - smelling wood not unlike citron, used in adorning magnificent palaces. Vessels of most precious wood - Ebony, in particular, which is often mentioned with ivory: the one excelling in whiteness, the other in blackness; and both in uncommon smoothness.
Revelation 18:13 Amomum - A shrub whose wood is a fine perfume. And beasts - Cows and oxen. And of chariots - a purely Latin word is here inserted in the Greek. This St. John undoubtedly used on purpose, in describing the luxury of Rome. And of bodies - A common term for slaves. And souls of men - For these also are continually bought and sold at Rome. And this of all others is the most gainful merchandise to the Roman traffickers.
***Revelation 18:14 And the fruits that thy soul lusted after - και ἡ οπωρα της επιθυμιας της ψυχης σου. As οπωρα signifies autumn, any and all kinds of autumnal fruits may be signified by the word in the above clause. Dainty and goodly - Τα λιπαρα· Delicacies for the table. Τα λαμπρα, what is splendid and costly in apparel.
**Revelation 18:16 And saying, alas, alas! that great city,..... Using the same words the kings of the earth do, Rev_18:10 only adding, suitable to their characters as merchants, and the things they traded in with her, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls; See Gill on Rev_18:12, Rev_17:4, see also Eze_27:32.
**Revelation 18:18 And cried ... - That is, as they had a deep interest in it, they would, on their own account, as well as hers, lift up the voice of lamentation.What city is like unto this great city? - In her destruction. What calamity has ever come upon a city like this?
Revelation 18:19 And they cast dust on their heads - As mourners. Most of the expressions here used in describing the downfall of Babylon are taken from Ezekiel's description of the downfall of Tyre, Eze. 26:1-28:19.
Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven - That is, all the inhabitants of it; and more especially, ye saints; and among the saints still more eminently, ye apostles and prophets.
Revelation 18:21 And a mighty angel took up a stone, and threw it into the sea - By a like emblem Jeremiah fore - showed the fall of the Chaldean Babylon, Jer_51:63-64.
***Revelation 18:22 The voice of harpers, etc. - This seems to indicate not only a total destruction of influence, etc., but also of being. It seems as if this city was to be swallowed up by an earthquake, or burnt up by fire from heaven.
***Revelation 18:23 By thy sorceries - Political arts, state tricks, counterfeit miracles, and deceptive maneuvers of every kind. This may be spoken of many great cities of the world, which still continue to flourish!
*Revelation 18:24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints,.... Such as before mentioned, in Rev_18:20 this is another reason of her destruction, besides her luxury and idolatry, namely, her shedding the blood of the saints, with which she is said to be drunk, and therefore blood is now given her to drink, Rev_17:6 for she will now be found guilty of slaying the witnesses, who are meant by the prophets and saints, that have been from the beginning of the apostasy: and of all that were slain upon the earth: not only of those that have been slain in the city of Rome, but of all those that have been slain throughout the empire; they being slain by her order, or with her consent, and she conniving at it, encouraging it, and therefore will be justly chargeable with it all; see Mat_23:31 the Ethiopic version adds, "for the name of Christ".

* Gills Commentaries     ** Barnes Commentaries     *** Clarke's Commentaries     
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Revelation 17:1-18

Revelation 17:1-18
1. Verses 1-6 What figure is used to describe the evil that is to come under judgment, and where's it sitting? (1)

What does this mean? 

What has this evil system done for the whole world in verse two of the book of Revelations? (2) 

What do you think about that?

When John was carried away in the spirit into the wilderness, what did he see? (3)  Upon what was the woman sitting? What does this mean?

Describe how the woman was dressed and what was in the cup in her hand? (4) What do these represents? 

What was the name that was written upon her forehead? (5) What does that mean?

What will this woman make herself drunk with in this verse of the book of Revelations? (6) 

2. Verses 7-18 What are the seven heads of the beast on which the woman sat? (3, 7-9) 

Who did explain to John “the mystery of the woman and of the beast?” (1-7)

What are the ten horns that John saw in this verse? (12) 

How long will the ten kings that have not received a kingdom, have power as kings? (12) 

What does this mean?

What do these kings have and what will they give the beast? (13) What do you think about that?

What will these kings make with the Lamb? (14) Why?

What are the names of Lamb called in this verse? (14) 

Who are the ones that are with the Lamb and what are they called in this verse of the book of Revelations? (14) 

What are the waters on which the woman sat? (15) What do you think about that?

When they finally turn upon the harlot what will happen in this verse of the book of Revelations? (16)

Who is the woman? (18) 

Discussion Questions
1. What would represent a nation of Babylon today?
2. How will we know the truth so we won't be deceived?

Revelation 17:1 And there came one of the seven angels, saying, Come hither - This relation concerning the great whore, and that concerning the wife of the Lamb, Rev_21:9-10, have the same introduction, in token of the exact opposition between them. I will show thee the judgment of the great whore - Which is now circumstantially described. That sitteth as a queen - In pomp, power, ease, and luxury. Upon many waters - Many people and nations, Rev_17:15.
***Revelation 17:2 With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication - What an awful picture this is of the state of the religion of the world in subjection to this whore! Kings have committed spiritual fornication with her, and their subjects have drunk deep, dreadfully deep, into the doctrine of her abominable errors.
***Revelation 17:3 So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness - This wilderness into which the apostle was carried is the desolate state of the true Church of Christ, in one of the wings of the once mighty Roman empire. It was a truly awful sight, a terrible desert, a waste howling wilderness; for when he came hither he: - Saw a woman sit upon a scarlet-coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns - No doubt can now be entertained that this woman is the Latin Church, for she sits upon the beast with seven heads and ten horns, which has been already proved to be the Latin empire, because this empire alone contains the number 666. See on Rev_13:18 (note). This is a representation of the Latin Church in her highest state of antichristian prosperity, for she Sits Upon the scarlet coloured beast, a striking emblem of her complete domination over the secular Latin empire. The state of the Latin Church from the commencement of the fourteenth century to the time of the Reformation may be considered that which corresponds to this prophetic description in the most literal and extensive sense of the words; for during this period she was at her highest pitch of worldly grandeur and temporal authority. The beast is full of names of blasphemy; and it is well known that the nations, in support of the Latin or Romish Church, have abounded in blasphemous appellations, and have not blushed to attribute to themselves and to their Church the most sacred titles, not only blaspheming by the improper use of sacred names, but even by applying to its bishop those names which alone belong to God; for God hath expressly declared that he will not give his glory to another, neither his praise to graven images.
Revelation 17:4 And the woman was arrayed - With the utmost pomp and magnificence. In purple and scarlet - These were the colours of the imperial habit: the purple, in times of peace; and the scarlet, in times of war. Having in her hand a golden cup - Like the ancient Babylon, Jer_51:7. Full of abominations - The most abominable doctrines as well as practices.
***Revelation 17:5 And upon her forehead was a name written, Mystery, Babylon the Great, the Mother of Harlots, and Abominations of the Earth - This inscription being written upon her forehead is intended to show that she is not ashamed of her doctrines, but publicly professes and glories in them before the nations: she has indeed a whore’s forehead, she has refused to be ashamed. The inscription upon her forehead is exactly the portraiture of the Latin Church. This Church is, as Bishop Newton well expresses it, A Mystery of iniquity. This woman is also called Babylon the Great; she is the exact antitype of the ancient Babylon in her idolatry and cruelty, but the ancient city called Babylon is only a drawing of her in miniature. This is indeed Babylon The Great. “She affects the style and title of our Holy Mother, the Church; but she is, in truth, the mother of harlots and abominations of the earth.”
***Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration - How exactly the cruelties exercised by the Latin Church against all it has denominated heretics correspond with this description, the reader need not be informed.
***Revelation 17:8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition - The beast is the Latin kingdom; (Ἡ Λατινη βασιλεια); consequently the beast was, that is, was in existence previously to the time of St. John; (for Latinus was the first king of the Latins, and Numitor the last); is not now, because the Latin nation has ceased long ago to be an independent power, and is now under the dominion of the Romans; but shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, that is, the Latin kingdom, the antichristian power, or that which ascendeth out of the abyss or bottomless pit, is yet in futurity. But it is added: -  And they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names there not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is - By the earth is here meant the Latin world; therefore the meaning is, that all who dwell in the Latin world shall adhere to the idolatrous and blasphemous religion of the Latin Church, which is supported by the Latin empire, except those who abide by the sacred Scriptures, receiving them as the only rule of faith and practice. These believe in the true Sacrifice, and keep themselves unspotted from the corruption that is in the world. But the inhabitants of the Latin world, under the dominion of the Romish religion, shall wonder when they behold the beast, or Latin empire; that is, as Lord Napier remarks, “shall have in great admiration, reverence, and estimation, this great monarchie.” They shall wonder at it, by considering it the most sacred empire in the world, that in which God peculiarly delights; but those that so wonder have not their names written in the book of life, but are such as prefer councils to Divine revelation, and take their religion from missals, rituals, and legends, instead of the sacred oracles: hence they are corrupt and idolatrous, and no idolater hath inheritance in the kingdom of God. In the preceding part of the verse the beast is considered in three states, as that which was, and is not, and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit; here a fourth is introduced, and yet is. This is added to show that, though the Latins were subjugated by the Romans, nevertheless the Romans themselves were Latins; for Romulus the founder of their monarchy, was a Latin; consequently that denominated in St. John’s days the Roman empire was, in reality, the Latin kingdom; for the very language of the empire was the Latin, and the Greek writers, who lived in the time of the Roman empire, expressly tell us that those formerly called Latins are now named Romans. The meaning of the whole verse is therefore as follows: The corrupt part of mankind shall have in great admiration the Latin empire yet in futurity, which has already been, but is now extinct, the Romans having conquered it; and yet is still in being; for, though the Latin nation has been subjugated, its conquerors are themselves Latins. But it may be objected against the interpretation here given, that these phrases are spoken of the beast upon which the apostle saw the woman, or Latin Church, sit; for the angel says, The beast that Thou Sawest was, and is not, etc.; what reference, therefore, can the Latin empire, which supports the Latin Church, have to the Latin kingdom which subsisted before St. John’s time, or to the Roman empire which might properly be so denominated! This objection has very great weight at first sight, and cannot be answered satisfactorily till the angel’s explanation of the heads and horns of the beast have been examined; therefore it is added: - 
**Revelation 17:17 For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will - That is, in regard to the destruction of this mighty power. They would be employed as his agents in bringing about his designs. Kings and princes are under the control of God, and, whatever may be their own designs, they are in fact employed to accomplish his purposes, and are instruments in his hands. See the notes on Isa_10:7. Compare Psa_76:10.
And to agree - See Rev_17:13. That is, they act harmoniously in their support of this power, and so they will in its final destruction. And give their kingdom unto the beast - See the notes at Rev_17:13. Until the words of God shall be fulfilled - Not forever; not as a permanent arrangement. God has fixed a limit to the existence of this power. When his purposes are accomplished, these kingdoms will withdraw their support, and this mighty power will fall to rise no more.
*Revelation 17:18 And the woman which thou sawest,.... Rev_17:3 as there described, is that great city, often mentioned in this book; great Babylon, the city of Rome, Rev_11:8 which reigneth over the kings of the earth; which then reigned in John's time over the kings of the earth; and this clearly points out the city of Rome, for there was no other city then, but that, which reigned over the kings of the earth; that was then the metropolis of the Roman empire, to which the whole world was subject; and therefore it is called all the world, Luk_2:1 and since, all the kings of the empire have been under the jurisdiction of Rome Papal. It was formerly called Urbs Regum, a "city of kings" (z), either for the reason in the text, or because its inhabitants looked like kings. 

* Gills Commentaries     ** Barnes Commentaries     ** Clarke's Commentaries     
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Revelation 16:1-21

Revelation 16:1-21

Where was these bowls to be poured out, according to verse one? (1)

First Bowl: Loathsome Soars When the first Angel pours out his bowl, what was it and who was smitten with it? (2) What do you think about that?

Second Bowl: The Sea Turns to Blood When the second Angel poured out his bowl, what happened to the sea and every living soul? (3) What do you think about that?

Third Bowl: The Waters Turn to Blood When the third Angel poured out his bowl, what happened to the rivers and fountains of waters? (4)

What did the angel of the waters say? (5-6)

What did the angel from the altar say? (7) What does this mean?

Fourth Bowl: Men Are Scorched When the fourth Angel poured out his bowl upon the sun, what was given unto him? (8)

What did men do when God’s judgments were upon them and did they repent at anytime? (9) Why?

Fifth Bowl: Darkness and Pain When the fifth Angel poured out his bowl upon the throne of the beast, what happened? (10-11) What do you think about that?

Sixth Bowl: Euphrates Dries Up When the sixth Angel poured out his bowl upon the great river, Euphrates, what happened? (12)

What did John see coming out of the mouths of the dragon, the beast, and the false prophet? (13)
What do you think about this image?

What did God say? (15) What does this mean?

Where will all these forces of hate come together for that last great battle? (16) What does this mean?

Seventh Bowl: The Earth Utterly Shaken When the seventh Angel poured out his bowl into the air, what was the result? (17-21) What does this mean?

Who was given the fierceness of God’s wrath? (19) Why?

How much did each hailstone weigh? (21)

Discussion Questions
1. What will happen to all the unsaved in the final days of Judgment?
2. What can prevent people from seeing the final Judgment?

***Revelation 16:1 Go your ways, and pour out - These ministers of the Divine justice were ready to execute vengeance upon transgressors, having full power; but could do nothing in this way till they received especial commission. Nothing can be done without the permission of God; and in the manifestation of justice or mercy by Divine agency, there must be positive command.
***Revelation 16:2 A noisome and grievous sore - This is a reference to the sixth Egyptian plague, boils and blains, Exo_9:8, Exo_9:9, etc.
Revelation 16:3 The second poured out his phial upon the sea - As opposed to the dry land. And it become blood, as of a dead man - Thick, congealed, and putrid. And every living soul - Men, beasts, and fishes, whether on or in the sea, died.
Revelation 16:4 The third poured out his phial on the rivers and fountains of water - Which were over all the earth. And they became blood - So that none could drink thereof.
Revelation 16:5 The Gracious one - So he is styled when his judgments are abroad, and that with a peculiar propriety. In the beginning of the book he is termed "The Almighty." In the time of his patience, he is praised for his power, which otherwise might then be less regarded. In the time of his taking vengeance, for his mercy. Of his power there could then be no doubt.
Revelation 16:6 Thou host given then, blood to drink - Men do not drink out of the sea, but out of fountains and rivers. Therefore this is fitly added here. They are worthy - Is subjoined with a beautiful abruptness.
Revelation 16:7 Yea - Answering the angel of the waters, and affirming of God's judgments in general, what he had said of one particular judgment.
Revelation 16:8 The fourth poured out his phial upon the sun - Which was likewise affected by the fourth trumpet. There is also a plain resemblance between the first, second, and third phials, and the first, second, and third trumpet. And it was given him - The angel. To scorch the men - Who had the mark of the beast. With fire - As well as with the beams of the sun. So these four phials affected earth, water, fire, and air.
***Revelation 16:9 They repented not - No moral national amendment has taken place in consequence of the above calamities in that unhappy country, nor indeed any of those nations engaged against her in that long and ruinous contest, which has now terminated, (1817), without producing one political, moral, or religious advantage to herself or to Europe.
***Revelation 16:10 The seat of the beast - Επι τον θρονον του θηριου· Upon the throne of the wild beast. The regal family was smitten by the fourth vial; they did not repent: then the fifth angel pours out his vial on the throne of the wild beast, or antichristian idolatrous power. Was full of darkness - Confusion, dismay, and distress.
Revelation 16:11 And they - His followers. Gnawed their tongues - Out of furious impatience. Because of their pains and because of their ulcers - Now mentioned together, and in the plural number, to signify that they were greatly heightened and multiplied.
***Revelation 16:12 Upon the great river Euphrates - Probably meaning the people in the vicinity of this river; though some think that the Tiber is intended. The water thereof was dried up - The people discomfited, and all impediments removed. The kings of the east - There seems to be an allusion here to the ruin of Babylon by Cyrus, predicted by the Prophet Jeremiah, Jeremiah 50:1-51:64. But what city or people is pointed out by this Babylon it is in vain to conjecture.
***Revelation 16:13 Three unclean spirits - Perhaps false teachers, called afterwards spirits of devils, which persuade the kings of the earth by lying miracles to come forth to the place of general slaughter, Rev_16:14, Rev_16:16, Some good critics apply this to Vespasian, and his pretended miracles. See the account in Tacitus, lib. iv. c. 81.
Revelation 16:15 Behold, I come as a thief - Suddenly, unexpectedly. Observe the beautiful abruptness. I - Jesus Christ. Hear him. Happy is he that watcheth. - Looking continually for him that "cometh quickly." And keepeth on his garments - Which men use to put off when they sleep. Lest he walk naked, and they see his shame - Lest he lose the graces which he takes no care to keep, and others see his sin and punishment.
Revelation 16:16 And they gathered them together to Armageddon - Mageddon, or Megiddo, is frequently mentioned in the Old Testament. Armageddon signifies the city or the mountain of Megiddo; to which the valley of Megiddo adjoined. This was a place well known in ancient times for many memorable occurrences; in particular, the slaughter of the kings of Canaan, related, Jdg_5:19. Here the narrative breaks off. It is resumed, Rev_19:19.
Revelation 16:17 And the seventh poured out his phial upon the air - Which encompasses the whole earth. This is the most weighty phial of all, and seems to take up more time than any of the preceding. It is done - What was commanded, Rev_16:1. The phials are poured out.
**Revelation 16:18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings - Accompanying the voice that was heard from the throne. See the notes on Rev_4:5; Rev_11:19. And there was a great earthquake, ... - See the notes on Rev_6:12; Rev_11:19. The meaning is, that a judgment followed as if the world were shaken by an earthquake, or which would be properly represented by that. So mighty an earthquake, and so great - All this is intensive, and is designed to represent the severity of the judgment that would follow.
***Revelation 16:19 The great city - Some say Jerusalem, others Rome pagan, others Rome papal. The cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath - Alluding to the mode of putting certain criminals to death, by making them drink a cup of poison. See on Heb_2:9 (note).
**Revelation 16:20 And every island fled away - Expressive of great and terrible judgments, as if the very earth were convulsed, and everything were moved out of its place. See the notes on Rev_6:14. And the mountains were not found - The same image occurs in Rev_6:14. See the notes on that place.
***Revelation 16:21 A great hail - about the weight of a talent - Has this any reference to cannon balls and bombs? It is very doubtful; we are all in the dark in these matters. The words ὡς ταλαντιαια, as a talent, are used to express something great, excessively oppressive; as νοσηματων ταλαντιαιων, terrible diseases, not diseases of the weight of a talent. See Rosenmuller.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries   
 All others by Wesley  

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

Revelation 15:1-8

Revelation 15:1-8

Revelation 15 is a Prelude to the last judgment of God in Chapter 16. Immediately follow Chapter 16 Jesus returns. Chapter 17 and 18 reflex back to what was already said in Revelations then Chapter 19 is the return of Christ.

1. Verse 1-8 What did the Angels have in this glorious Heavenly scene in verse one? (1)

This is the preparation for the last plague what do you think about that?

What did John see in Verse two? (2) What is being said about the people who have victory in Christ?

What do you think about that?

What song did they sang that had victory over the beast, the image, and the number of his name? (3-4)

Read Exodus 15:1-18 What is the song about?

What came out of the temple? (5-6) What temple is this?

What did the seven Angels have that came out of the temple in this verse? (6)

What is being said here in verse 6?

What is in the seven bowls, which one of the living creatures gives to the seven Angels? (7)

What does this mean?

How long was no one able to enter the temple? (8) Why?

Discussion Question
1. What does it mean that the wraith of God is Complete?
2. What does it mean to sing praise?
3. Has this study of Revelation inspired you to prepare?

Revelation 15:1 And I saw seven holy angels having the seven last plagues - Before they had the phials, which were as instruments whereby those plagues were to be conveyed. They are termed the last, because by them the wrath of God is fulfilled - Hitherto. God had borne his enemies with much longsuffering; but now his wrath goes forth to the uttermost, pouring plagues on the earth from one end to the other, and round its whole circumference. But, even after these plagues, the holy wrath of God against his other enemies does not cease, Rev_20:15.
***Revelation 15:2 A sea of glass - A spacious lucid plain around the throne, from which fiery coruscations were continually emitted: or, the reflection of the light upon this lucid plain produced the prismatic colors of the most vivid rainbow. Over the beast, and over his image - See the notes on Revelation 13:1-18 (note).
*Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God,.... Not that in Deu_32:1 but that in Exo_15:1 and the sense is, either that they observed the law of Moses, which he as a servant in the Lord's house faithfully delivered, and kept it distinct from the Gospel, and did not blend them together, as in the times before; or rather, that they sung a song like that of Moses, and on a like occasion. Pharaoh was the very picture of the pope of Rome; his oppression and cruel usage of the Israelites represent the tyranny and cruelty of the Romish antichrist; and the deliverance of Israel out of Egypt, and the destruction of the Egyptians at the Red sea, which occasioned the song of Moses, were an emblem of God's bringing his people out of antichristian bondage, and of the ruin of antichrist, upon which this song is sung; and Rome, in this book, is called Egypt, Rev_11:8. The Jews have a notion, that the very song of Moses itself will be sung in the world to come, in the days of the Messiah; for they say, there are in it the times of the Messiah, and of Gog and Magog, and of the resurrection of the dead, and the world to come (l). And this song was sung by the Levites in the daily service (m).  And the song of the Lamb; the Lamb of God, who was slain for the sins of men; the same song of which mention is made, Rev_5:9 the song of redeeming love, a song of praise for the blessings of grace which come through him, and of deliverance by him: saying, great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; Christ is in this song addressed as a divine person, as Lord of all, God over all, blessed for ever, the Almighty God, as his works declare him to be; his works of creation, providence, and redemption, which are all great and marvellous, particularly the accomplishment of the glorious things spoken of his church, and the destruction of his enemies, which are here designed: just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints: made so by his Father, and acknowledged by all his people, and especially at this time, when his kingdom will more visibly and gloriously appear: the Alexandrian copy, one of Stephens's, the Complutensian edition, and Arabic version, read, King of nations, as in Jer_10:7 from whence this, and the beginning of the next verse, seem to be taken; the Vulgate Latin and Syriac versions read, "King of ages", an everlasting King, as in Jer_10:10 but the generality of copies read as we have it: and the ways of this King are just and true; his purposes, decrees, and counsels of old, are faithfulness and truth; all his proceedings towards his own people, his subjects, are mercy and truth; his precepts and ordinances, his worship and service, are just and true, in opposition to every false way; and all his judgments upon his enemies, which are intended, are just, being what their sins deserved, and are true, being agreeably to his word and threatenings.
**Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord - Reverence and adore thee; for the word “fear,” in the Scriptures, is commonly used in this sense when applied to God. The sense here is, that the judgments about to be inflicted on the beast and his image should and would teach people to reverence and adore God. There is, perhaps, included here also the idea of awe, inasmuch as this would be the effect of punishment.
And glorify thy name - Honor thee - the name being put for the person who bare it. The sense is, that, as a consequence of these judgments, men would be brought to honor God, and to acknowledge him as the Ruler of the earth. For thou only art holy - That is, in these judgments he would show himself to be a holy God; a God hating sin, and loving righteousness and truth. When it is said that he “only” is holy, the expression is used, of course, in a comparative sense. He is so pure that it may be said that, in comparison with him, no one else is holy. Compare the notes on Job_4:18; Job_15:15. For all nations shall come and worship before thee - That is, as the result of these punishments inflicted on this dread anti-Christian power, they shalt come and worship thee. Everywhere in the New Testament the destruction of that power is connected with the promise of the speedy conversion of the world. For thy judgments are made manifest - To wit, on the beast. That formidable power is overthrown, and the grand hindrance to the universal spread of the true religion is now taken away. Compare the notes on Isa_26:9.
***Revelation 15:5 The temple of the tabernacle of the testimony - The temple which succeeded the tabernacle, in which was the testimony, viz., the two tables, Aaron’s rod, pot of manna, holy anointing oil, etc. All bearing testimony to the truth of God and his miraculous interposition in their behalf.
**Revelation 15:6 And the seven angels - See the notes on Rev_15:1. Came out of the temple - Were seen to come from the temple; that is, from the immediate presence of God. Having the seven plagues - See the notes on Rev_15:1. Each one entrusted with a single “plague” to be executed upon the earth. The meaning here is, that they were designated or appointed to execute those plagues in judgments. The symbols of their office - the golden vials - were given to them afterward, Rev_15:7. Clothed in pure and white linen - The emblem of holiness - the common representation in regard to the heavenly inhabitants. See the notes on Rev_3:4; Rev_7:13. Compare Mat_17:2; Luk_9:29; Mar_16:5. And having their breasts girded with golden girdles - See the notes on Rev_1:13. The meaning is, that they were attired in a manner befitting their rank and condition.
**Revelation 15:7 And one of the four beasts - See the notes on Rev_4:6-7. Which one of the four is not mentioned. From the explanation given of the design of the representation of the “four beasts,” or living creatures, in the notes on Rev_4:6-7, it would seem that the meaning here is, that the great principles of that divine government would be illustrated in the events which are now to occur. In events that were so closely connected with the honor of God and the triumph of his cause on the earth, there was a propriety in the representation that these living creatures, symbolizing the great principles of divine administration, would be particularly interested. Gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials - The word used here - φιάλη  phiale¯ - means properly, “a bowl or goblet, having more breadth than depth” (Robinson, Lexicon). Our word vial, though derived from this, means rather a thin long bottle of glass, used particularly by apothecaries and druggists. The word would be better rendered by “bowl” or “goblet,” and probably the representation here was of such bowls as were used in the temple service. See the notes on Rev_5:8. They are called in Rev_16:1, “vials of the wrath of God”; and here they are said to be “full of the wrath of God.” The allusion seems to be to a drinking cup or goblet filled with poison, and given to persons to drink - an allusion drawn from one of the methods of punishment in ancient times. See the notes on Rev_14:10. These vials or goblets thus became emblems of divine wrath, to be inflicted on the beast and his image. Full of the wrath of God - Filled with what represented his wrath; that is, they seemed to be filled with a poisonous mixture, which being poured upon the earth, the sea, the rivers, the sun, the seat of the beast, the river Euphrates, and into the air, was followed by severe divine judgments on this great anti-Christian power. See Rev_16:2-4, Rev_16:8,Rev_16:10, Rev_16:12, Rev_16:17. Who liveth forever and ever - The eternal God. The particular object in referring to this attribute here appears to be, that though there may seem to be delay in the execution of his purposes, yet they will be certainly accomplished, as he is the ever-living and unchangeable God. He is not under a necessity of abandoning his purposes, like people, if they are not soon accomplished.
***Revelation 15:8 The temple was filled with smoke - So was the tabernacle when consecrated by Moses, Exo_40:34, Exo_40:35, and the temple when consecrated by Solomon, 1Ki_8:10, 1Ki_8:11; 2Ch_5:14. See Isa_6:4. This account seems at least partly copied from those above. When the high priest entered into the holy of holies, and the ordinary priest into the holy place, they always carried with them a great deal of smoking incense, which filled those places with smoke and darkness, which prevented them from considering too attentively the parts and ornaments of those holy places, and thus served to produce an air of majesty in the temple, which none dared to approach without the deepest reverence. To this Calmet thinks the allusion may be here.

* Gills Commentaries     ** Barnes Commentaries     *** Clarke's Commentaries    
 All others by Wesley  

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Revelation 14:1-20

Revelation 14:1-20

1. Verses 1-5 Who was the One that stood on Mount Zion, with the martyred saints? (1)

What did the one hundred and forty-four thousand have written on their foreheads? (1) Why?

What did they sing? (2-3) Who could learn the song? Why?

Describe the redeemed ones in verses four and five of the book of Revelations? (4-5)

What is being said in this verse?

2. Verses 6-13 What did the Angel flying in the midst of Heaven say to everyone that on earth? (6-7)

What do you think about that?

What did the second Angel say? (8) What does this mean?

What did the third Angel say with a loud voice? (9-12) What is being said?

What promise is given for those who refuse to worship the beast in verse thirteen? (13)

3. Verses 14-16 What did John see on a white cloud? (14)

What did the Angel that came out of the temple say to the One that sat on a cloud in this verse? (15)

What do you think about that?

What did the One that sat on the cloud do in this verse? (16) What does this mean?

4. Verses 17-20 What went into the great winepress? (19) What does this mean?

What came out of the great winepress of the wrath of God? (17-20)  Why?

Discussion Questions 
1. How does God know if we are one of his?
2. Why is the Gospel preached?
3. What happens to those who have rejected the Gospel?

***Revelation 14:1 A Lamb stood on the mount Sion - This represents Jesus Christ in his sacrificial office; mount Sion was a type of the Christian Church. And with him a hundred forty and four thousand - Representing those who were converted to Christianity from among the Jews. See Rev_7:4. His Father’s name written in their foreheads - They were professedly, openly, and practically, the children of God, by faith in Christ Jesus. Different sects of idolaters have the peculiar mark of their god on their foreheads. This is practised in the east to the present day, and the mark is called the sectarial mark. Between eighty and ninety different figures are found on the foreheads of different Hindoo deities and their followers. Almost every MS. of importance, as well as most of the versions and many of the fathers, read this clause thus: Having His Name and his Father’s name written upon their foreheads. This is undoubtedly the true reading, and is properly received by Griesbach into the text.
Revelation 14:2 And I heard a sound out of heaven - Sounding clearer and clearer: first, at a distance, as the sound of many waters or thunders; and afterwards, being nearer, it was as of harpers harping on their harps. It sounded vocally and instrumentally at once.
Revelation 14:3 And they - The hundred forty - four thousand - Sing a new song - and none could learn that song - To sing and play it in the same manner. But the hundred forty - four thousand who were redeemed from the earth - From among men; from all sin.
Revelation 14:4 These are they who had not been defiled with women - It seems that the deepest defilement, and the most alluring temptation, is put for every other. They are virgins - Unspotted souls; such as have preserved universal purity. These are they who follow the Lamb - Who are nearest to him. This is not their character, but their reward Firstfruits - Of the glorified spirits. Who is ambitious to be of this number?
Revelation 14:5 And in their month there was found no guile - Part for the whole. Nothing untrue, unkind, unholy. They are without fault - Having preserved inviolate a virgin purity both of soul and body.
Revelation 14:6 And I saw another angel - A second is mentioned, Rev_14:8; a third, Rev_14:9. These three denote great messengers of God with their assistants; three men who bring messages from God to men. The first exhorts to the fear and worship of God; he second proclaims the fall of Babylon; the third gives warning concerning the beast. Happy are they who make the right use of these divine messages! Flying - Going on swiftly. In the midst of heaven - Breadthways. Having an everlasting gospel - Not the gospel, properly so called; but a gospel, or joyful message, which was to have an influence on all ages. To preach to every nation, and tribe, and tongue, and people - Both to Jew and gentile, even as far as the authority of the beast had extended.
***Revelation 14:7 Fear God, and give glory to him - This is the general language of the sacred writings. Worship the true God, the creator and governor of all things; and give him glory, for to him alone, not to idols or men, all glory and honor belong.
***Revelation 14:8 Babylon is fallen, is fallen - This is generally understood to be a prediction concerning Rome; and it is certain that Rome, in the rabbinical writings, is termed Babylon. That great city - Among the same writers this city is styled קרתא רבתא  karta rabbetha, the great city; and רומי רבתא  Romi rabbetha, the great Rome. But which Rome is meant? Pagan or Papal Rome? Some parts of the description apply best to the former. The wine of the wrath of her fornication - There is an allusion here to a custom of impure women, who give philtres or love potions to those whom they wish to seduce and bind to their will; and these potions are generally of an intoxicating nature, greatly inflaming the blood, and disturbing the intellect. Fornication and adultery are frequently used in Scripture as emblems of idolatry and false worship. The wine of the wrath is another expression for the envenomed or poisoned cup given by such women. No nation of the earth spread their idolatries so far as the ancient Romans; they were as extensive as their conquests. And papal Rome has been not less active in disseminating her superstitions. She has given her rituals, but not the everlasting Gospel, to most nations of the earth.
Revelation 14:9 And a third angel followed - At no great distance of time. Saying, If any one worship the wild beast - This worship consists, partly in an inward submission, a persuasion that all who are subject to Christ must be subject to the beast or they cannot receive the influences of divine grace, or, as their expression is, there is no salvation out of their church; partly in a suitable outward reverence to the beast himself, and consequently to his image.
Revelation 14:10 He shall drink - With Babylon, Rev_16:19. And shall be tormented - With the beast, Rev_20:10. In all the scripture there is not another so terrible threatening as this. And God by this greater fear arms his servants against the fear of the beast. The wrath of God, which is poured unmixed - Without any mixture of mercy; without hope. Into the cup of his indignation - And is no real anger implied in all this? O what will not even wise men assert, to serve an hypothesis!
***Revelation 14:11 The smoke of their torment - Still an allusion to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrha.
Revelation 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints - Seen, in suffering all things rather than receive this mark. Who keep the commandments of God - The character of all true saints; and particularly the great command to believe in Jesus.
Revelation 14:13 And I heard a voice - This is most seasonably heard when the beast is in his highest power and fury. Out of heaven - Probably from a departed saint. Write - He was at first commanded to write the whole book. Whenever this is repeated it denotes something peculiarly observable. Happy are the dead - From henceforth particularly: 1. Because they escape the approaching calamities: 2. Because they already enjoy so near an approach to glory. Who die in the Lord - In the faith of the Lord Jesus. For they rest - No pain, no purgatory follows; but pure, unmixed happiness. From their labours - And the more laborious their life was, the sweeter is their rest. How different this state from that of those, Rev_14:11, who "have no rest day or night!" Reader, which wilt thou choose? Their works - Each one's peculiar works. Follow - or accompany them; that is, the fruit of their works. Their works do not go before to procure them admittance into the mansions of joy; but they follow them when admitted.
***Revelation 14:14 A white cloud - It is supposed that, from this verse to the end of the chapter, the destruction of Rome is represented under the symbols of harvest and vintage; images very frequent among the ancient prophets, by which they represented the destruction and excision of nations. See Joe_3:12-14; Isa_17:5; Isa_63:1; and Mat_13:37. A golden crown - In token of victory and regal power.
Revelation 14:15 And another angel came out of the temple - "Which is in heaven," Rev_14:17. Out of which came the judgments of God in the appointed seasons.
***Revelation 14:16 The earth was reaped - The judgments were executed. But where, or on whom, who can tell?
**Revelation 14:17 And another angel - The fifth in order. This angel came for a different purpose - with reference to the cutting off of the enemies of God, represented by the gathering of a vintage. Compare Mat_13:41; Mat_24:31. Came out of the temple which is in heaven - Sent or commissioned by God. See the notes on Rev_14:15. He also having a sharp sickle - On the word “sickle,” see the notes on Rev_14:14.
***Revelation 14:18 Power over fire - Probably meaning the same angel which is mentioned, Rev_8:3; Rev_9:13, who stood by the altar of burnt-offering, having authority over its fire to offer that incense to God which represents the prayers of the saints.
***Revelation 14:19 The great winepress of the wrath of God - The place or kingdom where God executes his judgments on the workers of iniquity, whether pagans or persecuting Christians; Rome pagan, or Rome papal.
Revelation 14:20 And the winepress was trodden - By the Son of God, Rev_19:15. Without the city - Jerusalem. They to whom St. John writes, when a man said, "The city," immediately understood this. And blood came out of the winepress, even to the horses' bridles - So deep at its first flowing from the winepress! One thousand six hundred furlongs - So far! at least two hundred miles, through the whole land of Palestine.

* Gills Commentaries      ** Barnes Commentaries      *** Clarke's Commentaries      
All others by Wesley