Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Galatians 1:1-24

Galatians 1:1-24

1. Verses 1-5 How was Paul an apostle? (1) Who was Paul’s apostleship not commissioned by?

What does this mean?

Whom does Paul associate with him in his letter to Galatia? (2)

What did Jesus Christ give Himself for in this verse? (4)

Whose will is accomplished when we are delivered from this evil world? (4)

2. Verses 6-10 From what had the Galatians so soon be removed that caused Paul to marvel? (6)

Why marvel of this?

There is not another gospel but some of the Galatians would do what to the gospel of Christ? (7)

What does this mean? What are some examples of this today?

What does Paul say should happen to those that preach another gospel beside what he taught? (8-9)

What do you think about that?

When could Paul not be a servant of Christ? (10) What is he saying?

3. Verses 11-17 What would Paul be made known? (11) What is he saying?

Paul did not receive the gospel from man nor was he taught it. How did he receive it? (12)

Who persecuted the church beyond measure and wasted it? (13) Why mention this?

Who was zealous of the traditions of his fathers as a Jew? (14) What does this mean?

Who was called to preach the gospel among the heathen? (16)

Instead of going to Jerusalem immediately after his conversion, where did Paul go? (17)

4. Verses 18-24 How many years passed between Paul’s conversion and his first visit to Jerusalem?

Whose brother did Paul meet during his stay with Peter in Jerusalem? (19)

In what sense was Paul unknown by the churches in Judea? (22)

In what respect was Paul known of all people? (23)

When Christians heard Paul no longer persecuted the church but was a preacher, what did they do? (24)

Discussion Questions
1. What do you think about people pleasing in the church?

***Galatians 1:1 Paul, an apostle, not of men - Not commissioned by any assembly or council of the apostles. Neither by man - Nor by any one of the apostles; neither by James, who seems to have been president of the apostolic council at Jerusalem; nor by Peter, to whom, in a particular manner, the keys of the kingdom were intrusted. But by Jesus Christ - Having his mission immediately from Christ himself, and God the Father who raised him from the dead, see Act_22:14, Act_22:15, and commanded him to go both to the Jews and to the Gentiles, to open their eyes, to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they might obtain remission of sins, and an inheritance among them that are sanctified. See Act_9:1, etc., and the notes there.
Galatians 1:2 And all the brethren - Who agree with me in what I now write.
***Galatians 1:3 Grace be to you, etc. - See on Rom_1:7
Galatians 1:4 That he might deliver us from the present evil world - From the guilt, wickedness, and misery wherein it is involved, and from its vain and foolish customs and pleasures. According to the will of God - Without any merit of ours. St. Paul begins most of his epistles with thanksgiving; but, writing to the Galatians, he alters his style, and first sets down his main proposition, That by the merits of Christ alone, giving himself for our sins, we are justified: neither does he term them, as he does others, either saints," elect," or churches of God."
**Galatians 1:5 To whom be glory ... - Let Him have all the praise and honor of the plan and its execution. It is not uncommon for Paul to introduce an ascription of praise in the midst of an argument: see the note at Rom_1:25. It results from the strong desire which he had, that all the glory should be given to God, and showed that he believed that all blessings had their origin in God, and that God should be always acknowledged.
Galatians 1:6 I marvel that ye are removed so soon - After my leaving you. From him who called you by the grace of Christ - His gracious gospel, and his gracious power.
***Galatians 1:7 Which is not another - It is called a gospel, but it differs most essentially from the authentic narratives published by the evangelists. It is not gospel, i.e. good tidings, for it loads you again with the burdens from which the genuine Gospel has disencumbered you. Instead of giving you peace, it troubles you; instead of being a useful supplement to the Gospel of Christ, it perverts that Gospel. You have gained nothing but loss and damage by the change.
Galatians 1:8 But if we - I and all the apostles. Or an angel from heaven - If it were possible. Preach another gospel, let him be accursed - Cut off from Christ and God.
Galatians 1:9 As - He speaks upon mature deliberation; after pausing, it seems, between the two verses. We - I and the brethren who are with me. Have said before - Many times, in effect, if not in terms. So I say - All those brethren knew the truth of the gospel. St. Paul knew the Galatians had received the true gospel.
***Galatians 1:10 Do I now persuade men, or God? - The words πειθειν τον Θεον may be rendered to court or solicit the favor of God as the after clause sufficiently proves. This acceptation of πειθειν is very common in Greek authors. While the apostle was a persecutor of the Christians, he was the servant of men, and pleased men. When he embraced the Christian doctrine, he became the servant of God, and pleased Him. He therefore intimates that he was a widely different person now from what he had been while a Jew.
Galatians 1:11 But I certify you, brethren - He does not till now give them even this appellation. That the gospel which was preached by me among you is not according to man - Not from man, not by man, not suited to the taste of man.
***Galatians 1:12 I neither received it of man - By means of any apostle, as was remarked Gal_1:1. No man taught me what I have preached to you. But by the revelation of Jesus Christ - Being commissioned by himself alone; receiving the knowledge of it from Christ crucified.
Galatians 1:13 I Persecuted the church of God - That is, the believers in Christ.
Galatians 1:14 Being zealous of the unwritten traditions - Over and above those written in the law.
***Galatians 1:15 Who separated me from my mother’s womb - Him whom I acknowledge as the God of nature and the God of grace; who preserved me by his providence when I was a helpless infant, and saved me by his grace when I was an adult persecutor. For some useful remarks on these passages see the introduction, sec. 2.
Galatians 1:16 To reveal his Son in me - By the powerful operation of his Spirit, 2Co_4:6; as well as to me, by the heavenly vision. That I might preach him to others - Which I should have been ill qualified to do, had I not first known him myself. I did not confer with flesh and blood - Being fully satisfied of the divine will, and determined to obey, I took no counsel with any man, neither with my own reason or inclinations, which might have raised numberless objections.
Galatians 1:17 Neither did I go up to Jerusalem - The residence of the apostles. But I immediately went again into Arabia, and returned again to Damascus - He presupposes the journey to Damascus, in which he was converted, as being known to them all.
Galatians 1:18 Then after three years - Wherein I had given full proof of my apostleship. I went to visit Peter - To converse with him.
Galatians 1:19 But other of the apostles I saw none, save James the brother (that is, the kinsman) of the Lord - Therefore when Barnabas is said to have "brought him into the apostles," Act_9:27, only St. Peter and St James are meant.
***Galatians 1:20 Before God I lie not - This he speaks in reference to having seen only Peter and James at Jerusalem; and consequently to prove that he had not learned the Gospel from the assembly of the apostles at Jerusalem, nor consequently received his commission from them.
**Galatians 1:21 Afterward I came ... - In this account be has omitted a circumstance recorded by Luke Act_9:29, of the controversy which he had with the Grecians (Hellenists). It was not material to the purpose which he has here in view, which is to state that he was not indebted to the apostles for his knowledge of the doctrines of Christianity. He therefore merely states that he left Jerusalem soon after he went there, and traveled to other places. The regions of Syria - Syria was between Jerusalem and Cilicia. Antioch was the capital of Syria, and in that city and the adjacent places he spent considerable time; compare Act_15:23, Act_15:41. Cilicia - This was a province of Asia Minor, of which Tarsus, the native place of Paul, was the capital; see the note at Act_6:9.
***Galatians 1:22 And was unknown by face - I was not personally acquainted with any of the Churches of Judea; I was converted in another place, and had not preached the Gospel in any Christian congregation in that country; I knew only those at Jerusalem.
***Galatians 1:23 They had heard only - As a persecutor of the Church of Christ, I was well known; and as a convert to Christ I was not less so. The fame of both was great, even where I was personally unknown.
Galatians 1:24 In me - That is, on my account.

* Gills Commentaries   ** Barnes Commentaries   *** Clarke's Commentaries   
All others by Wesley  

Wednesday, January 24, 2018

II Corinthians 13:1-14

II Corinthians 13:1-14

1. Verses 1-7 Finish this quote “In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be ______” (1)

What does this mean?

When Paul comes what will his attitude be to those who have sinned and not repented? (2) Why?

What were the Corinthians seeking from Paul? (3)

By what does Christ live even though he was crucified through weakness? (4) What does this mean?

Who else may benefit by the power of God to rise from the dead? (4)

What reason does Paul give the Corinthians for examining themselves? (5) What is he saying?

2. Verses 7-10 Paul prayed the Corinthians would do no evil that they should do that which was what? (7)

Paul wrote the Corinthians “For we can do nothing against ____.” (8) Why?

Paul was glad when he was weak and the Corinthians were strong. What does Paul wish for them? (9)

Who gave Paul power to edifications & not to destruction? (10)

What was the purpose of the sharpness and authority the Lord gave Paul? (10) For what purpose?

3. Verses 11-14 What short imperatives did Paul give in verse 11?

From what source should peace be derived? (11)

In Paul’s farewell how should they greet each other? (11-12) Why?

In Paul’s farewell whose salutation did he extend to them? (13)

What three persons are named at the conclusion of II Corinthians? (14)

What manifestations of God did Paul desire to be with them? (14)

Discussion Questions

1. How do you confront people who are at fault?

2. How does the phrase, “Greet one another with a holy kiss”, apply today?

2 Corinthians 13:1 I am coming this third time - He had been coming twice before, though he did not actually come.
2 Corinthians 13:2 All the rest - Who have since then sinned in any of these kinds. I will not spare - I will severely punish them.
***2 Corinthians 13:3 Since ye seek a proof of Christ - The conversion of the Corinthians was to themselves a solid proof that Christ spoke by the apostle; and therefore he could, with great propriety, say that this power of Christ, far from being weak, was mighty among them.
2 Corinthians 13:4 He was crucified through weakness - Through the impotence of human nature. We also are weak with him - We appear weak and despicable by partaking of the same sufferings for his sake. But we shall live with him - Being raised from the dead. By the power of God in you - By that divine energy which is now in every believer, 2Co_13:5.
2 Corinthians 13:5 Prove yourselves - Whether ye are such as can, or such as cannot, bear the test - This is the proper meaning of the word which we translate, reprobates. Know ye not yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you - All Christian believers know this, by the witness and by the fruit of his Spirit. Some translate the words, Jesus Christ is among you; that is, in the church of Corinth; and understand them of the miraculous gifts and the power of Christ which attended the censures of the apostle.
**2 Corinthians 13:6 But I trust ... - The sense of this verse is,” Whatever may be the result of your examination of yourselves, I trust (Greek I hope) you will not find us false and to be rejected; that is, I trust you will find in me evidence that I am commissioned by the Lord Jesus to be his apostle.” The idea is, that they would find when he was among them, that he was endowed with all the qualifications needful to confer a claim to the apostolic office.
2 Corinthians 13:7 I pray God that ye may do no evil - To give me occasion of showing my apostolical power. I do not desire to appear approved - By miraculously punishing you. But that ye may do that which is good, though we should be as reprobates - Having no occasion to give that proof of our apostleship.
*2 Corinthians 13:8 For we can do nothing against the truth,.... The apostles had no power, nor could they, nor did they desire to exercise any against such who received the truth of the Gospel in the love of it; who continued in it, walked in it, and held it fast; who worshipped God in Spirit and in truth, and who walked uprightly, and as became the truth; for as the law is not made for such persons, but the reverse, so the authority the apostles had received from Christ was not to be exercised upon such: but for the truth: for the sake of defending the truth against those that dropped, denied, and opposed it; and for the honour of it, by chastising, correcting, reproving, censuring, and punishing such, who either contradicted it, or caused it to be blasphemed and spoken evil of.
2 Corinthians 13:9 For we rejoice when we are weak - When we appear so, having no occasion to show our apostolic power. And this we wish, even your perfection - In the faith that worketh by love.
**2 Corinthians 13:10 Therefore I write these things ... - This is a kind of apology for what he had said, and especially for the apparently harsh language which he had felt himself constrained to use. He had reproved them; he had admonished them of their faults; he had threatened punishment, all of which was designed to prevent the necessity of severe measures when he should be with them. Lest being present I should use sharpness - In order that when I come I may not have occasion to employ severity; see the sentiment explained in the note on 2Co_10:2. According to the power ... - That I may not use the power with which Christ has invested me for maintaining discipline in his church. The same form of expression is found in 2Co_10:8; see the note on that place.
2 Corinthians 13:11 Be perfect - Aspire to the highest degree of holiness. Be of good comfort - Filled with divine consolation. Be of one mind - Desire, labour, pray for it, to the utmost degree that is possible.
***2 Corinthians 13:12 Greet one another with a holy kiss - Use every means by which a good understanding may be brought about. Let the spirit of friendship live among you, and encourage its continuance by every friendly act. See the note on Rom_16:16.
**2 Corinthians 13:13 All the saints salute you - That is, all who were with Paul, or in the place where he was. The Epistle was written from Macedonia, probably from Philippi. See the introduction, section 3.
*2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ.... Meaning either the love of Christ; see 2Co_8:9 which is the same with that of his Father's, is as early, and of the same nature, being a love of complacency and delight; and which, as it is without beginning, will be without end. This is the ground and foundation of all he has done and underwent for his people; of his becoming their surety; of his incarnation, obedience, sufferings, and death in their room and stead; an interest in which, though they always have, yet they have not always an abiding sense of it with them, which is what the apostle here prays for: or else by the grace of Christ is meant the fulness of grace that is in him as Mediator; which is desired to be with the saints as the object of their trust and dependence; to be strong in, draw living water with joy out of, receive and derive daily from; not forsake it, and hew out broken cisterns, but continually apply to, and make use of it, as the fountain of gardens, the well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon; to be with them as a supply to their wants, to furnish them with every thing they stand in need of, and to enable them to do his will and work: or else the redeeming grace of Christ is particularly designed, and the intent of the petition is, that they might see their interest in it, and in all the branches of it; as that they were redeemed by his blood from sin, law, and wrath, had all their sins expiated and forgiven through his sacrifice, and were justified from all things by his righteousness. And the love of God; the Father, as the Arabic version adds very justly, as to the sense, though it is not in the text; meaning the love of God to his people, which is eternal, from everlasting to everlasting, free and undeserved, special and peculiar, is dispensed in a sovereign way, is unchangeable, abides for ever, is the source and spring of all the blessings both of grace and glory. Now when this is entreated to be with all the saints, it does not suppose that it is ever from them, or that it can be taken away from them, but whereas they may be without a comfortable sense of it, and a view of interest in it, the apostle prays, that in this respect it might be with them; that they might be directed into it, have it shed abroad in their hearts, and they be rooted and grounded in it, and comprehend for themselves the height, and depth, and length, and breadth of it.  And the communion of the Holy Ghost; either a larger communication of the gifts and graces of the Spirit of God, called "the supply of the Spirit", Phi_1:19 necessary to carry on the good work of grace, and perform it to the end; or else that communion and fellowship which the Spirit of God leads the saints into with the Father, by shedding abroad his love in their hearts, and with the Son, by taking of the things of Christ, and showing them to them; and also that nearness which the spirits of believers have with the Spirit of God, when he witnesses to their spirits that they are the children of God, becomes the earnest of the inheritance in their hearts, and seals them up unto the day of redemption: all which is requested by the apostle, to be, says he, with you all; or "with your company", or "congregations", as the Arabic version reads it, with all the saints; for their interest in the love of the Father, in the grace of the Son, and in the favour of the Spirit, is the same, whatever different sense and apprehensions they may have thereof. This passage contains no inconsiderable proof of a trinity of persons in the Godhead, to whom distinct things are here ascribed, and of them asked, equal objects of prayer and worship. "Amen" is by way of assent and confirmation, and as expressive of faith in the petitions, and of earnest desire to have them fulfilled. According to the subscription at the end of this epistle, it was written by the apostle when he was at Philippi, a city of Macedonia, and transcribed by Titus and Lucas, and by them sent or carried to the Corinthians; which seems to be agreeable to what is suggested in the epistle itself, though these subscriptions are not to he depended upon. The Syriac version only mentions Luke; and some copies read, by Titus, Barnabas, and Luke.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

II Corinthians 12:1-21

II Corinthians 12:1-21

In spite of all of Paul’s sufferings for the cause of Christ what is not expedient for him to do? (1) Why?

To what place was the man Paul knew above 14 years ago? Give both names for this place. (2-4)

Only who knows whether the man who was snatched up into the 3rd heaven (Paradise) actually happened or if it were a vision? (2-3)

What is the difference?

What was unlawful or impossible about these unspeakable words the man heard while in Paradise? (4)

Give Paul’s reason for restricting his glorying. Lest any man should what? (6)

What was given Paul lest he should be exalted above measure? (7) How?

This thorn in the flesh that Paul had acted as the messenger of whom? (7) Why?

Tell what Paul thrice prayed for? (8) What do you think about that?

What sufficiency was assured Paul when he prayed for the removal of the thorn in the flesh? (9)

In what is God’s strength perfected? (9) What do you think about that?

When does Paul say he is strong? (10) What is he saying?

Who had caused Paul to become foolish in glorying? (11) Why? Read Commentaries

The following list is signs of what? In patience, in signs, wonders and mighty deeds? (12)

In what sense were the Corinthians inferior to other churches? (13) What is being said?

When Paul was ready to come to them the third time he was not seeking their possessions, but what? (14)

Tell what Paul would gladly do for the Corinthians on his third visit with them? (15)

It seems the more Paul loved someone the less they loved him. How was it? (15)

Paul wrote he was crafty when he did not burden them (for wages) how had he caught them? (16)

Give two individuals, besides Paul who walked before the Corinthians in the same spirit and steps. (18)

Give 3 things Paul fears he will find in Corinth on his third visit that some have failed to repent of? (21)

Discussion Questions
1. What do you think was Paul’s thorn in the flesh? Why do you think scripture don't tell us?
2. How do you feel when the more you try to show love to someone the less they seem to show love in return?

2 Corinthians 12:1 It is not expedient - Unless on so pressing occasion. Visions are seen; revelations, heard.
2 Corinthians 12:2 I knew a man in Christ - That is, a Christian. It is plain from 2Co_12:6-7, that he means himself, though in modesty he speaks as of a third person. Whether in the body or out of the body I know not - It is equally possible with God to present distant things to the imagination in the body, as if the soul were absent from it, and present with them; or to transport both soul and body for what time he pleases to heaven; or to transport the soul only thither for a season, and in the mean time to preserve the body fit for its re - entrance. But since the apostle himself did not know whether his soul was in the body, or whether one or both were actually in heaven, it would be vain curiosity for us to attempt determining it. The third heaven - Where God is; far above the aerial and the starry heaven. Some suppose it was here the apostle was let into the mystery of the future state of the church; and received his orders to turn from the Jews and go to the gentiles.
2 Corinthians 12:3 Yea, I knew such a man - That at another time.
2 Corinthians 12:4 He was caught up into paradise - The seat of happy spirits in their separate state, between death and the resurrection. Things which it is not possible for man to utter - Human language being incapable of expressing them. Here he anticipated the joyous rest of the righteous that die in the Lord. But this rapture did not precede, but follow after, his being caught up to the third heaven: a strong intimation that he must first discharge his mission, and then enter into glory. And beyond all doubt, such a foretaste of it served to strengthen him in all his after trials, when he could call to mind the very joy that was prepared for him.
***2 Corinthians 12:5 Of such a one will I glory - Through modesty he does not mention himself, though the account can be understood of no other person; for, did he mean any other, the whole account would be completely irrelevant.
2 Corinthians 12:6 For if I should resolve to glory - Referring to, I might glory of such a glorious revelation. I should not be a fool - That is, it could not justly be accounted folly to relate the naked truth. But I forbear - I speak sparingly of these things, for fear any one should think too highly of me - O where is this fear now to be found? Who is afraid of this?
2 Corinthians 12:7 There was given me - By the wise and gracious providence of God. A thorn in the flesh - A visitation more painful than any thorn sticking in the flesh. A messenger or angel of Satan to buffet me - Perhaps both visibly and invisibly; and the word in the original expresses the present, as well as the past, time. All kinds of affliction had befallen the apostle. Yet none of those did he deprecate. But here he speaks of one, as above all the rest, one that macerated him with weakness, and by the pain and ignominy of it prevented his being lifted up mere, or, at least, not less, than the most vehement head ache could have done; which many of the ancients say he laboured under. St. Paul seems to have had a fresh fear of these buffetings every moment, when he so frequently represses himself in his boasting, though it was extorted from him by the utmost necessity.
2 Corinthians 12:8 Concerning this - He had now forgot his being lifted up. I besought the Lord thrice - As our Lord besought his Father.
2 Corinthians 12:9 But he said to me - ln answer to my third request. My grace is sufficient for thee - How tender a repulse! We see there may be grace where there is the quickest sense of pain. My strength is more illustriously displayed by the weakness of the instrument. Therefore I will glory in my weaknesses rather than my revelations, that the strength of Christ may rest upon me - The Greek word properly means, may cover me all over like a tent. We ought most willingly to accept whatever tends to this end, however contrary to flesh and blood.
***2 Corinthians 12:10 Therefore I take pleasure - I not only endure them patiently, but am pleased when they occur; for I do it for Christ’s sake - on his account; for on his account I suffer. For when I am weak - most oppressed with trials and afflictions, then am I strong; God supporting my mind with his most powerful influences, causing me to rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory.
2 Corinthians 12:11 Though I am nothing - Of myself.
***2 Corinthians 12:12 The signs of an apostle were wrought among you - Though I have been reputed as nothing, I have given the fullest proof of my Divine mission by various signs, wonders, and miracles, and by that patience which I have manifested towards you: though I had power from God to inflict punishment on the transgressors, I have in every case forborne to do it. Is the man nothing who wrought such miracles among you?
2 Corinthians 12:14 The third time - Having been disappointed twice. I seek not yours - Your goods. But you - Your souls.
2 Corinthians 12:15 I will gladly spend - All I have. And be spent – Myself.
2 Corinthians 12:16 But some may object, though I did not burden you, though I did not take anything of you myself, yet being crafty I caught you with guile - I did secretly by my messengers what I would not do openly, or in person.
***2 Corinthians 12:17 Did I make a gain of you - Did any person I ever sent to preach the Gospel to you, or help you in your Christian course, ever get any thing from you for me? Produce the proof if you can.
2 Corinthians 12:18 I desired Titus - To go to you.
***2 Corinthians 12:19 Think ye that we excuse ourselves - Απολογουμεθα; That we make an apology for our conduct; or, that I have sent Titus and that brother to you because I was ashamed or afraid to come myself? We speak before God in Christ - I have not done so; I speak the truth before God; he is judge whether I was actuated in this way by any sinister or unworthy motive. For your edifying - Whatever I have done in this or any other way, I have done for your edifying; not for any emolument to myself or friends.
2 Corinthians 12:19 Think ye that we excuse ourselves - Απολογουμεθα; That we make an apology for our conduct; or, that I have sent Titus and that brother to you because I was ashamed or afraid to come myself? We speak before God in Christ - I have not done so; I speak the truth before God; he is judge whether I was actuated in this way by any sinister or unworthy motive. For your edifying - Whatever I have done in this or any other way, I have done for your edifying; not for any emolument to myself or friends.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, January 10, 2018

II Corinthians 11:16-33

II Corinthians 11:16-33

1. Verses 16-21 Paul would not be thought as what even though he boasted a little? (16)

When Paul boasted a little he spoke it not after whom? (17)

Who suffered fools gladly? (19) Read commentaries on verse 19 What is being said?

Not only did the Corinthians suffer (tolerate) fools. Name 5 other things they tolerated. (20)

What do you think about that?

When Paul wrote “I am bold also” how does he say he was speaking? (21) What is he saying?

2. Verses 22-33 What 3 terms does Paul use to prove his lineage? (22) Why say this?

In verse 23 What contrast is Paul making? (23) What do you think about that?

How many times did Paul receive 39 stripes of the Jews? (24)

How many times was Paul beaten with rods, shipwrecked and stoned? (25)

What do you think about that?

In Paul’s many journeys list the perils (dangers) he endured as found in: (26)

Besides weariness and painfulness, in watching often, list what else Paul endured for the cause: (27)

“besides the things outside conspiring against me daily” what other care rested upon Paul? (28)

What is the context for verses 24-28? (24-28) What do you think about that?

Finish this quote, “If I must need glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine ______.” (30)

To whose knowledge does Paul refer as proof of his sufferings for the cause of Christ? (31)

What did the governor in Damascus desire to do to Paul? (32)

Who was king when the governor of Damascus tried to apprehend Paul? (32)

How did Paul escape from the City of Damascus? (33) What do you think about that?

Discussion Questions

1. What motivated Paul to endure the sufferings he encountered?

2 Corinthians 11:16 I say again - He premises a new apology to this new commendation of himself. Let no man think me a fool - Let none think I do this without the utmost necessity. But if any do think me foolish herein, yet bear with my folly.
2 Corinthians 11:17 I speak not after the Lord - Not by an express command from him; though still under the direction of his Spirit. But as it were foolishly - In such a manner as many may think foolish.
***2 Corinthians 11:18 Seeing that many glory after the flesh - Boast of external and secular things.
*2 Corinthians 11:19 For ye suffer fools gladly - You tolerate or endure those who are really fools. This is perhaps, says Dr. Bloomfield, the most sarcastic sentence ever penned by the apostle Paul. Its sense is, “You profess to be wondrous wise. And yet you who are so wise a people, freely tolerate those who are foolish in their boasting; who proclaim their own merits and attainments. You may allow me, therefore, to come in for my share, and boast also, and thus obtain your favor.” Or it may mean, “You are so profoundly wise as easily to see who are fools. You have great power of discernment in this, and have found out that I am a fool, and also that other boasters are fools. Yet knowing this, you bear patiently with such fools; have admitted them to your favor and friendship, and I may come in among the rest of the fools, and partake also of your favors.” They had borne with the false apostles who had boasted of their endowments, and yet they claimed to be eminent for wisdom and discernment.
2 Corinthians 11:20 For ye suffer - Not only the folly, but the gross abuses, of those false apostles. If a man enslave you - Lord it over you in the most arbitrary manner. If he devour you - By his exorbitant demands; not - withstanding his boast of not being burdensome. If he take from you - By open violence. If he exalt himself - By the most unbounded self - commendation. If he smite you on the face - (A very possible case,) under pretence of divine zeal.
2 Corinthians 11:21 I speak with regard to reproach, as though we had been weak - I say, "Bear with me," even on supposition that the weakness be real which they reproach me with.
2 Corinthians 11:22 Are they Hebrews, Israelites, the seed of Abraham - These were the heads on which they boasted.
2 Corinthians 11:23 I am more so than they. In deaths often - Surrounding me in the most dreadful forms.
2 Corinthians 11:24 Five times I received from the Jews forty stripes save one - Which was the utmost that the law allowed. With the Romans he sometimes pleaded his privilege as a Roman; but from the Jews he suffered all things.
**2 Corinthians 11:25 Thrice was I beaten with rods - This was under the Roman government, as their lictors beat criminals in this way. We hear of the apostle’s being treated thus once, namely at Philippi, Act_16:22. See Section 9 of the Introduction.  Once was I stoned - Namely, at Lystra, Act_14:19, etc. A night and a day I have been in the deep - To what this refers we cannot tell; it is generally supposed that in some shipwreck not on record the apostle had saved himself on a plank, and was a whole day and night on the sea, tossed about at the mercy of the waves. Others think that βυθος, the deep, signifies a dungeon of a terrible nature at Cyzicum, in the Propontis, into which Paul was cast as he passed from Troas. But this is not likely.
**2 Corinthians 11:26 In journeyings often - Of course subject to the fatigue, toil, and danger which such a mode of life involves. In perils of waters - In danger of losing my life at sea, or by floods, or by crossing streams. Of robbers - Many of the countries, especially Arabia, through which he traveled, were then infested, as they are now, with robbers. It is not impossible or improbable that he was often attacked and his life endangered. It is still unsafe to travel in many of the places through which he traveled. By mine own countrymen - The Jews. They often scourged him; laid wait for him and were ready to put him to death. They had deep enmity against him as an apostate, and he was in constant danger of being put to death by them. By the pagan - By those who had not the true religion. Several instances of his danger from this quarter are mentioned in the Acts . In the city - In cities, as in Derbe. Lystra, Philippi, Jerusalem, Ephesus, etc. In the wilderness - In the desert, where he would be exposed to ambushes, or to wild beasts, or to hunger and want. Instances of this are not recorded in the Acts , but no one can doubt that they occurred, The idea here is, that he had met with constant danger wherever he was, whether in the busy haunts of people or in the solitude and loneliness of the desert. In the sea - see 2Co_11:25.
Among false brethren - This was the crowning danger and trial to Paul, as it is to all others. A man can better bear danger by land and water, among robbers and in deserts, than he can bear to have his confidence abused, and to be subjected to the action and the arts of spies upon his conduct. Who these were he has not informed us. He mentions it as the chief trial to which he had been exposed, that he had met those who pretended to be his friends, and who yet had sought every possible opportunity to expose and destroy him. Perhaps he has here a delicate reference to the danger which he apprehended from the false brethren in the church at Corinth.
2 Corinthians 11:27 In cold and nakedness - Having no place where to lay my head; no convenient raiment to cover me; yet appearing before noble - men, governors, kings; and not being ashamed.
2 Corinthians 11:28 Beside the things which are from without - Which I suffer on the account of others; namely, the care of all the churches - A more modest expression than if he had said, the care of the whole church. All - Even those I have not seen in the flesh. St. Peter himself could not have said this in so strong a sense.
2 Corinthians 11:29 Who - So he had not only the care of the churches, but of every person therein. Is weak, and I am not weak - By sympathy, as well as by condescension. Who is offended - Hindered in, or turned out of, the good way. And I burn not - Being pained as though I had fire in my bosom.
2 Corinthians 11:30 I will glory of the things that concern my infirmities - Of what shows my weakness, rather than my strength.
2 Corinthians 11:32 The governor under Aretas - King of Arabia and Syria of which Damascus was a chief city, willing to oblige the Jews, kept the city - Setting guards at all the gates day and night.
2 Corinthians 11:33 Through a window - Of an house which stood on the city wall.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, January 3, 2018

II Corinthians 11:1-15

II Corinthians 11:1-15

1. Verses 1-4 What did Paul ask the Corinthians to bear with him on? (1) What does this mean?

What kind of jealousy did Paul possess for the Corinthians? (2) What is he saying?

Paul had espoused the Corinthians to one husband that they could be presented as what to Christ? (2)

Through what had the serpent beguiled Eve? (3)

From what does Paul fear the Corinthians minds should be corrupted? (3-4)

2. Verses 5-15 Who supposed he was not a whit behind the chiefest apostles? (5) Why say this?

Paul wrote the Corinthians “But though I be rude in speech, yet not in what? (6) What is he saying?

Who paid Paul’s wages when he preached the gospel to the Corinthians? (8)

Why say this the way he did?

Who supplied Paul’s needs when he was among the Corinthians? (9)

Why didn’t Paul take any money from the Corinthians for his support? (12)

What do you think about that?

What kinds of workers were false apostles who were turning themselves into apostles of Christ? (13)

From whom did these deceitful workers, false apostles, at Corinth get their example? (14)

What do you think about that?

Into what is Satan transformed? (14)

According to Paul it is no great thing if Satan’s ministers be transformed as the ministers of what? (15)

Discussion Questions
1. When should a missionary take offerings from those to whom he preaches?
2. What does a false preacher preach?

**2 Corinthians 11:1 Would to God - Greek, “I would” (Ὄφελον  Ophelon). This expresses earnest desire, but in the Greek there is no appeal to God. The sense would be well expressed by “O that,” or “I earnestly wish.” Ye could bear with me - That you would bear patiently with me; that you would hear me patiently, and suffer me to speak of myself. In my folly - Folly in boasting. The idea seems to be, “I know that boasting is generally foolish, and that it is not to be indulged in. But though it is to be generally regarded as folly, yet circumstances compel me to it, and I ask your indulgence in it.” It is possible also that his opponents accused him of folly in boasting so much of himself. And indeed bear with me - Margin, “Ye do bear.” But the text has probably the correct rendering. It is the expression of an earnest wish that they would tolerate him a little in this. He entreats them to bear with him because he was constrained to it.
2 Corinthians 11:2 For - The cause of his seeming folly is expressed in this and the following verse; the cause why they should bear with him, 2Co_11:4.
2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear - Love is full of these fears. Lest as the serpent - A most apposite comparison. Deceived Eve - Simple, ignorant of evil. By his subtilty - Which is in the highest degree dangerous to such a disposition. So your minds - We might therefore be tempted, even if there were no sin in us. Might be corrupted - Losing their virginal purity. From the simplicity that is in Christ - That simplicity which is lovingly intent on him alone, seeking no other person or thing.
***2 Corinthians 11:4 For if he that cometh - The false apostle, who came after St. Paul had left Corinth. Preacheth another Jesus - Who can save more fully and more powerfully than that Jesus whom I have preached. Or if ye receive another spirit - And if in consequence of believing in this new saviour ye receive another spirit, the gifts, graces, and consolations of which are greater than those which ye have received from the Holy Ghost, which has been given to you on your believing on the Christ whom we preached. Or another Gospel - Containing more privileges, spiritual advantages, and stronger excitements to holiness, than that which we have preached and which ye have accepted, ye might well bear with him. This would be a sufficient reason why you should not only bear with him, but prefer him to me.
Others think that the last clause should be rendered, Ye might well bear with Me - notwithstanding he brought you another Jesus, spirit, and gospel, ye might bear with me, who have already ministered so long to and done so much for you. But the former sense seems best.
**2 Corinthians 11:5 For I suppose ... - I think that I gave as good evidence that I was commissioned by God as the most eminent of the apostles. In the miracles which I performed; in the abundance of my labors, and in my success, I suppose that I did not fall behind any of them. If so, I ought to be regarded and treated as an apostle; and if so, then the false teachers should not be allowed to supplant me in your affections, or to seduce you from the doctrines which I have taught. On the evidence that Paul was equal to others in the proper proof of a commission from God; see notes on 2Co_11:21-30.
2 Corinthians 11:6 If I am unskilful in speech - If I speak in a plain, unadorned way, like an unlearned person. So the Greek word properly signifies.
***2 Corinthians 11:7 Have I committed an offense in abasing myself - Have I transgressed in labouring with my hands that I might not be chargeable to you? and getting my deficiencies supplied by contributions from other Churches, while I was employed in labouring for your salvation? Does your false apostle insinuate that I have disgraced the apostolic office by thus descending to servile labor for my support? Well; I have done this that you might be exalted - that you might receive the pure doctrines of the Gospel, and be exalted to the highest pitch of intellectual light and blessedness. And will you complain that I preached the Gospel gratis to you? Surely not. The whole passage is truly ironical.
***2 Corinthians 11:8 I robbed other Churches - This part of the sentence is explained by the latter, taking wages to do you service. The word οψωνιον signifies the pay of money and provisions given daily to a Roman soldier. As if he had said: I received food and raiment, the bare necessaries of life, from other Churches while labouring for your salvation. Will you esteem this a crime?
2 Corinthians 11:9 For - I choose to receive help from the poor Macedonians, rather than the rich Corinthians! Were the poor in all ages more generous than the rich?
***2 Corinthians 11:10 As the truth of Christ is in me - Εστιν αληθεια Χριστου εν εμοι· The truth of Christ is in me. That is: I speak as becomes a Christian man, and as influenced by the Gospel of Christ. It is a solemn form of asseveration, if not to be considered in the sense of an oath. In the regions of Achaia - The whole of the Peloponnesus, or Morea, in which the city of Corinth stood. From this it appears that he had received no help from any of the other Churches in the whole of that district.
***2 Corinthians 11:11 Wherefore - Why have I acted thus? and why do I propose to continue to act thus? is it because I love you not, and will not permit you to contribute to my support? God knoweth the contrary; I do most affectionately love you.
2 Corinthians 11:12 Who desire any occasion - To censure me. That wherein they boast, they may be found even as we - They boasted of being "burdensome to no man." But it was a vain boast in them, though not in the apostle.
***2 Corinthians 11:13 For such are false apostles - Persons who pretend to be apostles, but have no mission from Christ. Deceitful workers - They do preach and labor, but they have nothing but their own emolument in view. Transforming themselves - Assuming as far as they possibly can, consistently with their sinister views, the habit, manner, and doctrine of the apostles of Christ.
2 Corinthians 11:14 Satan himself is transformed - Uses to transform himself; to put on the fairest appearances.
2 Corinthians 11:15 Therefore it is no great, no strange, thing; whose end, notwithstanding all their disguises, shall be according to their works.

* Gills Commentaries   ** Barnes Commentaries   *** Clarke’s Commentaries   
All others by Wesley

II Corinthians 10:1-18

II Corinthians 10:1-18

1. Verses 1-6 Who was reported to be base in the presence of the Corinthians but was bold when absent? (1)

Some in Corinth thought Paul walked according to what? (2) Why did they think this?

Paul wrote the Corinthians “For though we walk in the flesh, we do not what after the flesh?” (3)


A Christian’s weapons are not what? (4) Through what source are our weapons mighty? (4)

Name 2 things that must be cast down that is against the knowledge of God. (5)

What must be captured to the obedience of Christ? (5) What does this mean?

When the Corinthians fulfill their obedience what does Paul hold in readiness? (6)

2. Verses 7-11 State mutual relation of Paul and the Corinthians. (7)

The Lord gave Paul authority not for the destruction of the Corinthians but for what reason? (8)

What do you think about that?

What did his opponents say about Paul’s letters? (9-10) What do you think about that?

“Such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such we will be in what when we are present?” (11)

 3. Verses 12-16 What should and shouldn't we compare ourselves to? (12-13) Why?

What does Paul hope to do in the regions beyond Corinth when their faith is increased? (15-16)

4. Verses 17-18 Finish this quote, “But he that gloried, let him glory _______.” (17)

Who does Paul say is and isn't approved? (18) What does this mean?

Discussion Questions

1. Why is it a mistake to compare yourself to other people?

2. Have you ever considered spreading the gospel to those who have never heard before?

2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself - - A strongly emphatical expression. Who when present am base among you - So, probably, some of the false teachers affirmed. Copying after the meekness and gentleness of Christ, entreat - Though I might command you.
***2 Corinthians 10:2 Some, which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh - As it is customary for cowards and overbearing men to threaten the weak and the timid when present; to bluster when absent; and to be very obsequious in the presence of the strong and courageous. This conduct they appear to have charged against the apostle, which he calls here walking after the flesh - acting as a man who had worldly ends in view, and would use any means in order to accomplish them.
***2 Corinthians 10:3 Though we walk in the flesh - That is: Although I am in the common condition of human nature, and must live as a human being, yet I do not war after the flesh - I do not act the coward or the poltroon, as they insinuate. I have a good cause, a good captain, strength at will, and courage at hand. I neither fear them nor their master.
2 Corinthians 10:4 For the weapons of our warfare - Those we use in this war. Are not carnal - But spiritual, and therefore mighty to the throwing down of strong holds - Of all the difficulties which men or devils can raise in our way. Though faith and prayer belong also to the Christian armour, Eph_6:15, &c., yet the word of God seems to be here chiefly intended.
2 Corinthians 10:5 Destroying all vain reasonings, and every high thing which exalteth itself - As a wall or rampart. Against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought - Or, rather, faculty of the mind. Into captivity to the obedience of Christ - Those evil reasonings are destroyed. The mind itself, being overcome and taken captive, lays down all authority of its own, and entirely gives itself up to perform, for the time to come, to Christ its conqueror the obedience of faith.
2 Corinthians 10:6 Being in readiness to avenge all disobedience - Not only by spiritual censure, but miraculous punishments. When your obedience is fulfilled - When the sound part of you have given proof of your obedience, so that I am in no danger of punishing the innocent with the guilty.
2 Corinthians 10:7 Do ye look at the outward appearance of things - Does any of you judge of a minister of Christ by his person, or any outward circumstance? Let him again think this of himself - Let him learn it from his own reflection, before I convince him by a severer method.
2 Corinthians 10:8 I should not be ashamed - As having said more than I could make good.
2 Corinthians 10:9 I say this, that I may not seem to terrify you by letters - Threatening more than I can perform.
2 Corinthians 10:10 His bodily presence is weak - His stature, says St. Chrysostom, was low, his body crooked, and his head bald.
***2 Corinthians 10:11 Such as we are in word - A threatening of this kind would doubtless alarm the false apostle; and it is very likely that he did not await the apostle’s coming, as he would not be willing to try the fate of Elymas.
2 Corinthians 10:12 For we presume not - A strong irony. To equal ourselves - As partners of the same office. Or to compare ourselves - As partakers of the same labour. They among themselves limiting themselves - Choosing and limiting their provinces according to their own fancy.
2 Corinthians 10:13 But we will not, like them, boastingly extend ourselves beyond our measure, but according to the measure of the province which God hath allotted us - To me, in particular, as the apostle of the gentiles. A measure which reaches even unto you - God allotted to each apostle his province, and the measure or bounds thereof.
2 Corinthians 10:14 We are come even to you - By a gradual, regular process, having taken the intermediate places in our way, in preaching the gospel of Christ.
2 Corinthians 10:15 Having hope, now your faith is increased - So that you can the better spare us. To be enlarged by you abundantly - That is, enabled by you to go still further.
*2 Corinthians 10:16 To preach the Gospel in the regions beyond you,.... Here the apostle clearly expresses what he hoped for, and explains what he meant by being enlarged according to rule; namely, that he should be at liberty to preach the Gospel elsewhere; and hoped he should be directed by the providence of God, to carry it into the more remote and distant parts of the world, where as yet Christ had not been named:  and not to boast in another man's line: or enter into another man's province, glory in other men's labours, as did the false apostles: and boast of things made ready to our hand; that is, of places cultivated and improved, by the preaching of the Gospel, so as to bring forth fruit to the honour and glory of God; where many souls were already converted, and churches were planted and put into good order, and were in a flourishing condition; see Rom_15:18.
***2 Corinthians 10:17 He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord - Instead of boasting or exulting even in your own success in preaching the Gospel, as none can be successful without the especial blessing of God, let God who gave the blessing have the glory. Even the genuine apostle, who has his commission immediately from God himself, takes no praise to himself from the prosperity of his work, but gives it all to God. How little cause then have your uncommissioned men to boast, to whom God has assigned no province, and who only boast in another man’s line of things made ready to their hand!
*2 Corinthians 10:18 For not he that commendeth himself is approved,.... Such may be said to commend themselves, who ascribe that to themselves, which do not belong to them; as that they are the ministers of Christ, and sent forth by him, when they are not; who boast that they have large ministerial gifts, when they have none; and of their great service and usefulness, when it is all the produce of other men's labours; and what they have and do, they wholly impute to their own power and industry, and not to the grace and power of God: now such persons are neither approved by God, nor good men; for their own self-commendation stands for nothing, and is so far from being acceptable to God or men, that it must be nauseous and disagreeable; see Pro_27:2. But whom the Lord commendeth: they are approved by God and men, and they are such whom he highly honours, as he did Paul, by counting them faithful; and putting them into the ministry, by qualifying them for his service, by assisting them in it, and making them abundantly useful for the good of souls, and the glory of his name: by all which he bears a testimony to them, and shows his approbation of them, and at last will say, well done, good and faithful servant, enter into the joy of thy Lord.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley

Wednesday, December 20, 2017

II Corinthians 9:1-15

II Corinthians 9:1-15

1. Verses 1-5 Who had Paul boasted about that was ready and had provoked many to contribute? (1-2)

Why did Paul write to them and send men to them in regard to this offering? (1-5)

3. Verses 6-15 What agricultural example did Paul apply to giving? (6) What does this mean?

What do you think about that?

What 2 ways were the Corinthians not to give? (7) Why? What do you think about that?

What What attitude in giving does God love? (7) Why? What do you think about that?

According to Paul’s letter, God is able to make grace abound toward them for what reason? (8)

What does this mean?

What God furnishes seed for the sower he furnishes bread for food. What is multiplied? (10) Why?

What is increased when God furnishes seed for the sower? (10) What does this mean?

What is the purpose of giving? (12) What do you think about that?

How will the recipients of the gift respond? (13-14)

How did Paul describe the gift that God has given to us? (15) What is he saying?

Discussion Question
1. What do you think of the statement “You can’t out give God”?

2. What stops people from giving when we have God word saying there is a blessing in it?

**2 Corinthians 9:1 For as touching the ministering to the saints - In regard to the collection that was to be taken up for the aid of the poor Christians in Judea; see the notes on Rom_15:26; 1Co_16:1; 2 Cor. 8. It is superfluous ... - It is needless to urge that matter on you, because I know that you acknowledge the obligation to do it, and have already purposed it. For me to write to you - That is, to write more, or to write largely on the subject. It is unnecessary for me to urge arguments why it should be done; and all that is proper is to offer some suggestions in regard to the manner in which it shall be accomplished.
***2 Corinthians 9:2 I know the forwardness of your mind - You have already firmly purposed to contribute to the support of the poor and suffering saints. That Achaia was ready a year ago - The whole of the Morea was anciently called Achaia, the capital of which was Corinth. The apostle means, not only Corinth, but other Churches in different parts about Corinth; we know there was a Church at Cenchrea, one of the ports on the Corinthian Isthmus. Your zeal hath provoked very many - Hearing that the Corinthians were so intent on the relief of the sufferers in Palestine, other Churches, and especially they of Macedonia, came forward the more promptly and liberally.
2 Corinthians 9:3 I have sent the above mentioned brethren before me.
*2 Corinthians 9:4 Lest haply if they of Macedonia come with me,.... The apostle had determined to come himself, though he was afterwards prevented by Providence, but could not be certain of the coming of the Macedonian brethren with him; however, as it was probable that some of them would come, whose hearts were so much in this work, therefore he judged it fit and proper to send the brethren before hand, in case they should come:  and find you unprepared; not so ready for this service as had been boasted of, and the collection not finished, which had been begun a year ago. We (that we say not, ye) should be ashamed in this same confident boasting; or "in this same substance", or "subsistence of boasting": a boasting, which, he thought, they had the most solid and substantial ground and foundation to proceed upon; which, should it come to nothing, must cause shame both in the apostles, who had so largely, and with so much assurance, boasted of them; and in the Corinthians, who must be put to the blush, when it should be told them how much they had been boasted of with respect to their readiness, and yet were unprepared: so תוחלת, "hope", expectation, confidence, is rendered by the Septuagint καυχημα, "boasting", Pro_11:7 and in Psa_39:5 υποστασις, the word here used. And some copies, and also the Vulgate Latin version, only read, "in this substance", or glorying, and leave out boasting as superfluous.
2 Corinthians 9:5 Spoken of before - By me, to the Macedonians. Not as a matter of covetousness - As wrung by importunity from covetous persons.
***2 Corinthians 9:6 He which soweth sparingly - This is a plain maxim: no man can expect to reap but in proportion as he has sowed. And here almsgiving is represented as a seed sown, which shall bring forth a crop. If the sowing be liberal, and the seed good, the crop shall be so too. Sowing is used among the Jews to express almsgiving: so they understand Isa_32:20 : Blessed are ye who sow beside all waters; i.e. who are ready to help every one that is in need. And Hos_10:12, they interpret: Sow to yourselves almsgiving, and ye shall reap in mercy - if you show mercy to the poor, God will show mercy to you.
2 Corinthians 9:7 Of necessity - Because he cannot tell how to refuse.
2 Corinthians 9:8 How remarkable are these words! Each is loaded with matter and increases all the way it goes. All grace - Every kind of blessing. That ye may abound to every good work - God gives us everything, that we may do good therewith, and so receive more blessings. All things in this life, even rewards, are, to the faithful, seeds in order to a future harvest. Pro_22:9
***2 Corinthians 9:9 He hath dispersed abroad - Here is still the allusion to the sower. He sows much; not at home merely, or among those with whom he is acquainted, but abroad - among the strangers, whether of his own or of another nation. The quotation is taken from Psa_112:9. He hath given to the poor - This is the interpretation of he hath scattered abroad; and therefore it is said, his righteousness remaineth for ever - his good work is had in remembrance before God. By righteousness we have already seen that the Jews understand almsgiving. See the note on Mat_6:1.
2 Corinthians 9:10 And he who supplieth seed - Opportunity and ability to help others. And bread - All things needful for your own souls and bodies. Will continually supply you with that seed, yea, multiply it to you more and more. And increase the fruits of your righteousness - The happy effects of your love to God and man. Isa_55:10
2 Corinthians 9:11 Which worketh by us thanksgiving to God - Both from us who distribute, and them who receive, your bounty.
**2 Corinthians 9:12 For the administration of this service - The distribution of this proof of your liberality. The word “service” here, says Doddridge, intimates that this was to be regarded not merely as an act of humanity, but religion. The want of the saints - Of the poor Christians in Judea on whose behalf it was contributed. But is abundant also by many thanksgivings unto God - Will abound unto God in producing thanksgivings. The result will be that it will produce abundant thanksgiving in their hearts to God.
2 Corinthians 9:13 Your avowed subjection - Openly testified by your actions. To all men - Who stand in need of it.
***2 Corinthians 9:14 The exceeding grace of God in you - By the ὑπερβαλλουσαν χαριν, superabounding or transcending grace, of God, which was in them, the apostle most evidently means the merciful and charitable disposition which they had towards the suffering saints. The whole connection, indeed the whole chapter, proves this; and the apostle attributes this to its right source, the grace or goodness of God. They had the means of charity, but God had given these means; they had a feeling, and charitable heart, but God was the author of it. Their charity was superabundant, and God had furnished both the disposition, the occasion, and the means by which that disposition was to be made manifest.
2 Corinthians 9:15 His unspeakable gift - His outward and inward blessings, the number and excellence of which cannot he uttered.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, December 13, 2017

II Corinthians 8:1-24

II Corinthians 8:1-24

1. Verses 1-7 On who had God’s grace been bestowed in Ch.8? (1) What does this mean?

Tell what was deep in the churches in Macedonia? (2)

Who gave willing and beyond their power for the poor in Jerusalem? (1-5)

What do you think about that?

What had the churches in Macedonia given before they gave to Jerusalem? (5) Why?

Who began the work of making a collection for the poor saints in Jerusalem? (6)

Who abounded in faith, utterance, knowledge, in diligence and love? (7)

2. Verses 8-15 Why did Paul ask not command the Corinthians to help the poor? (8)

What is he saying?

According to Paul who had been rich and become poor so that the Corinthians might be rich? (9)

What do you think about that?

How long had the Corinthians a readiness of mind to give to the poor? (10)

What is not necessary to add to their readiness? (11) What does this mean?

What must be first before a gift is accepted according to that a man hath? (12) Why?

Paul instructed Corinth to give from their abundance to the poor so that there might be what? (14)

What is the "equality factor" in giving? (13-15) What do you think about that?

3. Verses 16-24 What was said about the unnamed brother? (18-19,22)

In whose sight must honest things be provided? (21) Why?

What had been proved about the brother sent with Titus? (22)

What had increased the brother’s diligence? (22)

State the standing Titus had with Paul. (23) Why mention this?

What use did Paul make of the brethren with him? (23)

What were the Corinthians to show Titus and the messengers of the churches? (24)

Discussion Questions

1. Why is proper handling of money so important in a church?

2. What is being done in your church to ensure the proper handling of money?

2 Corinthians 8:1 We declare to you the grace of God - Which evidently appeared by this happy effect.
2 Corinthians 8:2 In a great trial of affliction - Being continually persecuted, harassed, and plundered.
***2 Corinthians 8:3 For to their power, etc. - In their liberality they had no rule but their ability; they believed they were bound to contribute all they could; and even this rule they transgressed, for they went beyond their power - they deprived themselves for a time of the necessaries of life, in order to give to others who were destitute even of necessaries.
2 Corinthians 8:4 Praying us with much entreaty - Probably St. Paul had lovingly admonished them not to do beyond their power.
2 Corinthians 8:5 And not as we hoped - That is, beyond all we could hope. They gave themselves to us, by the will of God - In obedience to his will, to be wholly directed by us.
***2 Corinthians 8:6 That we desired Titus - Titus had probably laid the plan of this contribution when he was before at Corinth, according to the direction given by the apostle, 1Co_16:1, etc. The same grace - Liberality. See the note on 2Co_8:1.
***2 Corinthians 8:7 As ye abound in every thing - See the note on 1Co_1:5. In faith, crediting the whole testimony of God; in utterance, λογῳ, in doctrine, knowing what to teach: knowledge of God’s will, and prudence to direct you in teaching and doing it; in diligence, to amend all that is wrong among you, and to do what is right; and in love to us, whom now ye prize as the apostles of the Lord, and your pastors in him. Abound in this grace also - Be as eminent for your charitable disposition as ye are for your faith, doctrine, knowledge, diligence, and love.
***2 Corinthians 8:8 I speak not by commandment - I do not positively order this; I assume no right or authority over your property; what you devote of your substance to charitable purposes must be your own work, and a free-will offering. The forwardness of others - Viz. the Churches of Macedonia, which had already exerted themselves so very much in this good work. And the apostle here intimates that he takes this opportunity to apprise them of the zeal of the Macedonians, lest those at Corinth, who excelled in every other gift, should be outdone in this. Their own honor, if better motives were absent, would induce them to exert themselves, that they might not be outdone by others. And then, as they had professed great love for the apostle, and this was a service that lay near his heart, they would prove the sincerity of that professed love by a liberal contribution for the afflicted and destitute Jewish Christians.
2 Corinthians 8:9 For ye know - And this knowledge is the true source of love. The grace - The most sincere, most free, and most abundant love. He became poor - In becoming man, in all his life; in his death. Rich - In the favour and image of God.
**2 Corinthians 8:10 And herein I give my advice - Not undertaking to command them, or to prescribe how much they should give. Advice will go much further than commands on the subject of charities. For this is expedient for you - (συμφέρει  sumpherei). That is, this will be of advantage to you; it will be profitable; it will be becoming. The idea is, that they were bound by a regard to consistency and to their own welfare, to perform what they had purposed. It became them; it was proper, and was demanded; and there would have been manifest disadvantages if it had not been done. Who have begun before - Who commenced the collection a year before; see 2Co_8:6. It had been commenced with fair prospects of success, but had been interrupted probably by the dissensions which arose in the church there. Not only to do - Not merely to accomplish it as if by constraint, or as a matter of compulsion and drudgery. But also to be forward - Margin, “Willing.” So the Greek τὸ θέλειν  to thelein. They were voluntary in this, and they set about it with vigorous and determined zeal and courage. There was a resolute determination in the thing, and a willingness and heartiness in it which showed that they were actuated by Christian principle. Consistency, and their own reputation and advantage, now demanded that they should complete what they had begun.
***2 Corinthians 8:11 A readiness to will, so there may be a performance - Ye have willed and purposed this; now perform it. Out of that which ye have - Give as God has enabled you; and give as God has disposed you. He requires each man to do as he can; and accepts the will where the means are wanting to perform the deed.
***2 Corinthians 8:12 According to that a man hath - According to his real property; not taking that which belongs to his own family, and is indispensably necessary for their support; and not taking that which belongs to others; viz. what he owes to any man.
***2 Corinthians 8:13 That other men be eased - I do not design that you should impoverish yourselves in order that others may live affluently.
2 Corinthians 8:14 That their abundance - If need should so require. May be - At another time. A supply to your want: that there may be an equality - No want on one side, no superfluity on the other. It may likewise have a further meaning: - that as the temporal bounty of the Corinthians did now supply the temporal wants of their poor brethren in Judea, so the prayers of these might be a means of bringing down many spiritual blessings on their benefactors: so that all the spiritual wants of the one might be amply supplied; all the temporal of the other.
2 Corinthians 8:15 As it is written, He that had gathered the most had nothing over; and he that had gathered the least did not lack - That is, in which that scripture is in another sense fulfilled. Exo_16:18
***2 Corinthians 8:16 But thanks be to God - He thanks God who had already disposed the heart of Titus to attend to this business; and, with his usual address, considers all this as done in the behalf of the Corinthian Church; and that though the poor Christians in Judea are to have the immediate benefit, yet God put honor upon them in making them his instruments in supplying the wants of others. He who is an almoner to God Almighty is highly honored indeed.
2 Corinthians 8:17 Being more forward - Than to need it, though he received it well.
2 Corinthians 8:18 We - I and Timothy. The brother - The ancients generally supposed this was St. Luke. Whose praise - For faithfully dispensing the gospel, is through all the churches.
2 Corinthians 8:19 He was appointed by the churches - Of Macedonia. With this gift - Which they were carrying from Macedonia to Jerusalem. For the declaration of our ready mind - That of Paul and his fellow - traveller, ready to be the servants of all.
***2 Corinthians 8:21 Providing for honest things - Taking care to act so as not only to be clear in the sight of God, but also to be clear in the sight of all men; avoiding even the appearance of evil.
2 Corinthians 8:22 With them - With Titus and Luke. Our brother - Perhaps Apollos.
2 Corinthians 8:23 My partner - In my cares and labours. The glory of Christ - Signal instruments of advancing his glory.
*2 Corinthians 8:24 Wherefore show ye to them, and before the churches,.... This is the conclusion of the apostle, upon summing up the characters of these messengers; and his exhortation is, that since they were persons of so much note and worth, as they ought to be received with great marks of respect and affection, so they would take care evidently to make it appear to them who were sent by the churches, and before the churches, or before them who represented the churches; or so as that it might be known by the churches from whence they came, when they returned with their report; or be evident to the churches in Judea, when their liberality should be brought to them:  the proof of your love; to Christ and his poor members, how hearty and sincere it was: and of our boasting on your behalf; how willing and forward they were to this good work, and how liberal they would be.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

II Corinthians 7:1-16

II Corinthians 7:1-16

What is the context of Verse 1? What must sons and daughters of God the father be perfecting? (1)

There are two kinds of filthiness from which Christians must cleanse themselves. Name them. (1)

1. Verses 2-12 What 3 reasons does Paul give the Corinthians when he wrote “receive us?” (2)

To whom was Paul referring when he wrote “ye are in our hearts to die and live with you?” (3)

What does this mean?

Paul used great boldness of speech toward the Corinthians. State what else was great toward them. (4)

With what was Paul filled when he used great boldness of speech to the Corinthians? (4)

When Paul arrived in Macedonia and had no rest and was troubled. What was without and within? (5)

Whose arrival in Macedonia comforted Paul? (6) Why?

Paul was not only comforted by Titus’ arrival in Macedonia. What report caused Paul to rejoice? (7)

What do you think about that?

What did Paul not do even though he had made the Corinthians sorry with a letter? (8) Why?

The Corinthians sorrowed to what because of Paul’s letter to them? (9) What does this mean?

What does godly sorrow produce? (10) What does sorrow of the world produce? (10) Why?

What was wrought in the Corinthians when they sorrowed after a godly sort? (11)

How much did the Corinthians lack in clearing themselves when they sorrowed after a godly sort? (11)

What is Paul saying?

Paul wrote not for the cause of who did wrong, not for the one who suffered wrong but to prove what? (12)

2. Verses 13-16 What did Paul derive comfort? Whose joy comforted him? (13) How?

Of what was Paul not ashamed? (14) What principle justified this boasting? (14)

Describe how the Corinthians had received Titus? (15)

Paul’s confidence in the Corinthians caused him to do what? (16)

Discussion Questions
1. What is the difference between godly sorrow and sorrow of the world?
2. How does administering discipline show care?

2 Corinthians 7:1 Let us cleanse ourselves - This is the latter part of the exhortation, which was proposed, 2Co_6:1, and resumed, 2Co_6:14. From all pollution of the flesh - All outward sin. And of the spirit - All inward. Yet let us not rest in negative religion, but perfect holiness - Carrying it to the height in all its branches, and enduring to the end in the loving fear of God, the sure foundation of all holiness.
2 Corinthians 7:2 Receive us - The sum of what is said in this, as well as in the tenth and following chapters. We have hurt no man - In his person. We have corrupted no man - In his principles. We have defrauded no man - Of his property. In this he intimates likewise the good he had done them, but with the utmost modesty, as it were not looking upon it.
2 Corinthians 7:3 I speak not to condemn you - Not as if I accused you of laying this to my charge. I am so far from thinking so unkindly of you, that ye are in our hearts, to live and die with you - That is, I could rejoice to spend all my days with you.
2 Corinthians 7:4 I am filled with comfort - Of this he treats, 2Co_7:6, &c.; of his joy, 2Co_7:7, &c.; of both, 2Co_7:13.
***2 Corinthians 7:5 When we were come into Macedonia - St. Paul, having left Ephesus, came to Troas, where he stopped some time; afterwards he came to Macedonia, whence he wrote this epistle, Our flesh had no rest - So exceedingly anxious was he to know the success of his first epistle to them. Without were fightings - The oppositions of pagans, Jews, and false brethren. Within were fears - Uncertain conjectures relative to the success of his epistle; fears lest the severity of it should alienate their affections utterly from him; fears lest the party of the incestuous person should have prevailed; fears lest the teaching of the false apostle should have perverted their minds from the simplicity of the truth; all was uncertainty, all apprehension; and the Spirit of God did not think proper to remove the causes of these apprehensions in any extraordinary way.
**2 Corinthians 7:6 God that comforteth those that are cast down - Whose characteristic is, that be gives consolation to those who are anxious and depressed. All his consolation was in God; and by whatever instrumentality comfort was administered, he regarded and acknowledged God as the author; see the note, 2Co_1:4. By the coming of Titus - To Macedonia. He rejoiced not only in again seeing him, but especially in the intelligence which he brought respecting the success of his Epistle, and the conduct of the church at Corinth.
2 Corinthians 7:7 Your earnest desire - To rectify what had been amiss. Your grief - For what had offended God, and troubled me.
2 Corinthians 7:8 I did repent - That is, I felt a tender sorrow for having grieved you, till I saw the happy effect of it.
***2 Corinthians 7:9 Ye sorrowed to repentance - Ye had such a sorrow as produced a complete change of mind and conduct. We see that a man may sorrow, and yet not repent. Made sorry after a godly manner - It was not a sorrow because ye were found out, and thus solemnly reprehended, but a sorrow because ye had sinned against God, and which consideration caused you to grieve more than the apprehension of any punishment. Damage by us in nothing - Your repentance prevented that exercise of my apostolic duty, which would have consigned your bodies to destruction, that your souls might be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.
2 Corinthians 7:10 The sorrow of the world - Sorrow that arises from worldly considerations. Worketh death - Naturally tends to work or occasion death, temporal, spiritual, and eternal.
2 Corinthians 7:11 How great diligence it wrought in you - Shown in all the following particulars. Yea, clearing of yourselves - Some had been more, some less, faulty; whence arose these various affections. Hence their apologizing and indignation, with respect to themselves; their fear and desire, with respect to the apostle; their zeal and revenge, with respect to the offender, yea, and themselves also. Clearing of yourselves - From either sharing in, or approving of, his sin. Indignation - That ye had not immediately corrected the offender. Fear - Of God's displeasure, or lest I should come with a rod. Vehement desire - To see me again. Zeal - For the glory of God, and the soul of that sinner. Yea, revenge - Ye took a kind of holy revenge upon yourselves, being scarce able to forgive yourselves. In all things ye - As a church. Have approved yourselves to be pure - That is, free from blame, since ye received my letter.
2 Corinthians 7:12 It was not only, or chiefly, for the sake of the incestuous person, or of his father; but to show my care over you.
***2 Corinthians 7:13 For the joy of Titus - Titus, who had now met St. Paul in Macedonia, gave him the most flattering accounts of the improved state of the Corinthian Church; and indeed their kind usage of Titus was a full proof of their affection for St. Paul.
***2 Corinthians 7:14 For if I have boasted - The apostle had given Titus a very high character of this Church, and of their attachment to himself; and doubtless this was the case previously to the evil teacher getting among them, who had succeeded in changing their conduct, and changing in a great measure their character also; but now they return to themselves, resume their lost ground, so that the good character which the apostle gave them before, and which they had for a time forfeited, is now as applicable to them as ever. Therefore his boasting of them is still found a truth.
**2 Corinthians 7:15 And his inward affection ... - He has become deeply and tenderly attached to you. His affectionate regard for you has been greatly increased by his visit. On the meaning of the word here rendered “inward affection” (σπλάγχια  splangchia, Margin, bowels) see the note on 2Co_6:12. It denotes here: deep, tender attachment, or love. How with fear and trembling ye received him - With fear of offending, and with deep apprehension of the consequences of remaining in sin. He saw what a fear there was of doing wrong, and what evidence there was, therefore, that you were solicitous to do right.
*2 Corinthians 7:16 I rejoice therefore that I have confidence in you in all things. That I can speak freely and boldly to you, reprove, admonish, and advise you, since you take it all in good part, as I design it; that I can confidently speak in your favour, boast of your love and obedience, which is found upon trial and by experience to be truth; and that I can promise myself every good thing from you, that is proper to ask of you, and lies in your power to perform; which he says partly to commend them for their past conduct, and partly to pave the way for what he had to say to them, concerning making a collection for the poor saints.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley  

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

II Corinthians 6:1-18

II Corinthians 6:1-18

1. Verses 1-10 Finish this quote, “We then, as workers together with him, beseech you also that ye receive not the grace of God in _____.” (1) What does this mean?

When is the accepted time and when is the day of salvation? (2)

What reason does Paul write that he gave no offense in any thing? (3) What is a offense?

What were some external conditions that Paul endured? (4-5) What do you think about that?

What were some Christian graces that Paul manifested? (6-7)

What false accusations did some make of Paul? (8-10) What do you think about that?

2. Verses 11-18 Paul wrote “O ye Corinthians, our what is open unto you, our heart is enlarged? (11)

To whom does Paul write “ye are straitened in your own bowels?” (11-12) What does this mean?

Paul advised the Corinthians to not be unequally yoked with whom? (14) Why?

What does righteousness not have with unrighteousness? (14) What do you think about that?

One who believes has no part with whom? (15) What is being said?

The temple of God has no agreement with what? (16)

Who composes the temple of God? (16)

The temple of the living God was commanded to come out and be separated with what? (16-17)

If the temple of the living God (Christians) did come out and were separated and touched not the unclean thing what does God promise to do and to be? (17-18) What do you think about that?

What would the temple of God (Christians) be unto God the father? (16-18)

Discussion Questions

1. In what way might a person be unequally yoked together with an unbeliever?

2. From what are we to be separated?

2 Corinthians 6:1 We then not only beseech, but as fellow - labourers with you, who are working out your own salvation, do also exhort you, not to receive the grace of God - Which we have been now describing. In vain - We receive it by faith; and not in vain, if we add to this, persevering holiness.
2 Corinthians 6:2 For he saith - The sense is, As of old there was a particular time wherein God was pleased to pour out his peculiar blessing, so there is now. And this is the particular time: this is a time of peculiar blessing. Isa_49:8.
***2 Corinthians 6:3 Giving no offense - The word προσκοπη, read προσκομμα, Rom_14:13, signifies a stumbling block in general, or any thing over which a man stumbles or falls; and here means any transgression or scandal that might take place among the ministers, or the Christians themselves, whereby either Jews or Gentiles might take occasion of offense, and vilify the Gospel of Christ.
2 Corinthians 6:4 But approving ourselves as the ministers of God - Such as his ministers ought to be. In much patience - Shown, In afflictions, necessities, distresses - All which are general terms. In stripes, imprisonments, tumults - Which are particular sorts of affliction, necessity, distress In labours, watchings, fastings - Voluntarily endured. All these are expressed in the plural number, to denote a variety of them. In afflictions, several ways to escape may appear, though none without difficulty in necessities, one only, and that a difficult one; in distresses, none at all appears.
*2 Corinthians 6:5 In stripes,.... As the Apostle Paul particularly was, who was thrice beaten with rods, and five times scourged by the Jews with the scourge of forty stripes save one. In imprisonments; under which are included bonds, in which they often were for the Gospel of Christ:  in tumults; and uproars of the people, when their lives were frequently in imminent danger: or "in tossings to and fro"; being drove from place to place through the fury of their enemies;  in labours; in a laborious ministry of the word, and administration of ordinances; or by labouring with their own hands to supply their necessities: in watchings; being obliged to work night and day at their hand labour, and in preaching, praying, and singing psalms; which exercises they were often employed in at midnight: in fastings; by which are meant not voluntary, but involuntary ones, through want of food to eat.
2 Corinthians 6:6 By prudence - Spiritual divine; not what the world terms so. Worldly prudence is the practical use of worldly wisdom: divine prudence is the due exercise of grace, making spiritual understanding go as far as possible. By love unfeigned - The chief fruit of the Spirit.
2 Corinthians 6:7 By the convincing and converting power of God - Accompanying his word; and also attesting it by divers miracles. By the armour of righteousness on the right hand and the left - That is, on all sides; the panoply or whole armour of God.
2 Corinthians 6:8 By honour and dishonour - When we are present. By evil report and good report - When we are absent. Who could bear honour and good report, were it not balanced by dishonour? As deceivers - Artful, designing men. So the world represents all true ministers of Christ. Yet true - Upright, sincere, in the sight of God.
2 Corinthians 6:9 As unknown - For the world knoweth us not, as it knew him not. Yet well known - To God, and to those who are the seals of our ministry. As dying, yet behold - Suddenly, unexpectedly, God interposes, and we live.
2 Corinthians 6:10 As sorrowing - For our own manifold imperfections, and for the sins and sufferings of our brethren. Yet always rejoicing - In present peace, love, power, and a sure hope of future glory. As having nothing, yet possessing all things - For all things are ours, if we are Christ's. What a magnificence of thought is this!
***2 Corinthians 6:11 O ye Corinthians, our mouth is open unto you - I speak to you with the utmost freedom and fluency, because of my affection for you. Our heart is enlarged - It is expanded to take you and all your interests in; and to keep you in the most affectionate remembrance. The preceding verses contain a very fine specimen of a very powerful and commanding eloquence.
2 Corinthians 6:12 Ye are not straitened in us - Our heart is wide enough to receive you all. But ye are straitened in your own bowels - Your hearts are shut up, and so not capable of the blessings ye might enjoy.
*2 Corinthians 6:13 Now for a recompence in the same,.... That your love to me may answer mine to you; that as you have my heart, I may have yours, and the same room in your heart, as you have in mine. The Vulgate Latin version reads, "having the same recompence"; and the Arabic version renders it, "grant to me the same recompence"; and the Syriac version, "recompense to me my usuries that are with you"; that is, repay me with affection, let love be returned for love. I speak as unto my children; which relation subsisting between us requires mutual affection; for as a father should love his children, so children should love their father: be ye also enlarged; in your love to me, as I am to you; and then, as if he should say, you will bear with, and take in good part the following exhortation and advice.
2 Corinthians 6:14 Be not unequally yoked with unbelievers - Christians with Jews or heathens. The apostle particularly speaks of marriage. But the reasons he urges equally hold against any needless intimacy with them. Of the five questions that follow, the three former contain the argument; the two latter, the conclusion.
2 Corinthians 6:15 What concord hath Christ - Whom ye serve. With Belial - To whom they belong.
2 Corinthians 6:16 What agreement hath the temple of God with idols - If God would not endure idols in any part of the land wherein he dwelt, how much less, under his own roof! He does not say, with the temple of idols, for idols do not dwell in their worshippers. As God hath said - To his ancient church, and in them to all the Israel of God. I will dwell in them, and walk in them - The former signifying his perpetual presence; the latter, his operation. And I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people - The sum of the whole gospel covenant. Lev_26:11, &c.
2 Corinthians 6:17 Touch not the unclean person - Keep at the utmost distance from him. And I will receive you - Into my house and family. Isa_52:11; Zep_3:19-20.
2 Corinthians 6:18 And ye shall be to me for sons and for daughters, saith the Lord Almighty - The promise made to Solomon, 1Ch_28:6, is here applied to all believers; as the promise made particularly to Joshua is applied to them, Heb_13:5. Who can express the worth, who can conceive the dignity, of this divine adoption? Yet it belongs to all who believe the gospel, who have faith in Christ. They have access to the Almighty; such free and welcome access, as a beloved child to an indulgent father. To him they may fly for aid in every difficulty, and from him obtain a supply in all their wants. Isa_43:6.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

II Corinthians 5:1-21

II Corinthians 5:1-21

1. Verses 1-9 Paul groaned earnestly desiring to be clothed with what? (2)

If we are clothed with this house from heaven how shall we not be found? (3) Why?

While in this tabernacle we groan to be clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of what? (4)

What has God given Christians as a guarantee of the eternal things he has for us? (5) What does this mean?

As long as Christians are present with the body we are absent from whom? (6) Why?

State Paul’s reason for being willing to be absent from the body. (8) What does this mean?

State Paul’s reason for laboring for the Lord? (9) What do you think about that?

2. Verses 10-21 Give the reason all must appear before the judgment seat? (10) What does this mean?

Name 2 kinds of deeds that will be recognized before the judgment seat of Christ. (10)

What caused Paul to persuade men? (11) What do you think about that?

For whose cause does Paul say “or whether we be sober?” (13) What does this mean?

What fact proves the love of Christ? (14) Christ dying for all proved what fact? (14)

What does this mean?

Since Christ died for all those that live should not live unto them selves. How should they live? (15)

What important fact followed the death of Christ? (15) What do you think about that?

In whom may one be a new creature? (17) What 3 things happen? (17) Read Commentary and discuss 

By what means or person does God reconcile us to himself? (18)

Who gave Paul the “ministry of reconciliation?” (18) What does reconcile mean?

When God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, what was not imputed unto them? (19)

The word of what was committed to Paul? (19) How?

What office does Paul claim to possess for Christ? (20) What does this mean?

According to Paul who was made to be sin for us, who knew no sin? (21)

Give the reason Christ was made to be sin for us. (21) What do you think about that?

Discussion Questions
1. How are you different since you became a Christian?
2. What is an ambassador?

2 Corinthians 5:1 Our earthly house - Which is only a tabernacle, or tent, not designed for a lasting habitation.
2 Corinthians 5:2 Desiring to be clothed upon - This body, which is now covered with flesh and blood, with the glorious house which is from heaven. Instead of flesh and blood, which cannot enter heaven, the rising body will be clothed or covered with what is analogous thereto, but incorruptible and immortal. Macarius speaks largely of this.
***2 Corinthians 5:3 If so be that being clothed - That is, fully prepared in this life for the glory of God; We shall not be found naked - Destitute in that future state of that Divine image which shall render us capable of enjoying an endless glory.
2 Corinthians 5:4 We groan being burdened - The apostle speaks with exact propriety. A burden naturally expresses groans. And we are here burdened with numberless afflictions, infirmities, temptations. Not that we would be unclothed - Not that we desire to remain without a body. Faith does not understand that philosophical contempt of what the wise Creator has given. But clothed upon - With the glorious, immortal, incorruptible, spiritual body. That what is mortal - This present mortal body. May be swallowed up of life - Covered with that which lives for ever.
2 Corinthians 5:5 Now he that hath wrought us to this very thing - This longing for immortality. Is God - For none but God, none less than the Almighty, could have wrought this in us.
2 Corinthians 5:6 Therefore we behave undauntedly - But most of all when we have death in view; knowing that our greatest happiness lies beyond the grave.
***2 Corinthians 5:7 For we walk by faith - While we are in the present state faith supplies the place of direct vision. In the future world we shall have sight - the utmost evidence of spiritual and eternal things; as we shall be present with them, and live in them. Here we have the testimony of God, and believe in their reality, because we cannot doubt his word. And to make this more convincing he gives us the earnest of his Spirit, which is a foretaste of glory.
2 Corinthians 5:8 Present with the Lord - This demonstrates that the happiness of the saints is not deferred till the resurrection.
2 Corinthians 5:9 Therefore we are ambitious - The only ambition which has place in a Christian. Whether present - In the body. Or absent - From it.
2 Corinthians 5:10 For we all - Apostles as well as other men, whether now present in the body, or absent from it. Must appear - Openly, without covering, where all hidden things will be revealed; probably the sins, even of the faithful, which were forgiven long before. For many of their good works, as their repentance, their revenge against sin, cannot other wise appear. But this will be done at their own desire, without grief, and without shame. According to what he hath done in the body, whether good or evil - In the body he did either good or evil; in the body he is recompensed accordingly.
2 Corinthians 5:11 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we the more earnestly persuade men to seek his favour; and as God knoweth this, so, I trust, ye know it in your own consciences.
2 Corinthians 5:12 We do not say this, as if we thought there was any need of again recommending ourselves to you, but to give you an occasion of rejoicing and praising God, and to furnish you with an answer to those false apostles who glory in appearance, but not in heart, being condemned by their own conscience.
2 Corinthians 5:13 For if we are transported beyond ourselves - Or at least, appear so to others, treated of, 2Co_5:15-21, speaking or writing with uncommon vehemence. It is to God - He understands (if men do not) the emotion which himself inspires. If we be sober - Treated of, 2Co_6:1-10. If I proceed in a more calm, sedate manner. It is for your sakes - Even good men bear this, rather than the other method, in their teachers. But these must obey God, whoever is offended by it.
2 Corinthians 5:14 For the love of Christ - To us, and our love to him. Constraineth us - Both to the one and the other; beareth us on with such a strong, steady, prevailing influence, as winds and tides exert when they waft the vessel to its destined harbour. While we thus judge, that if Christ died for all, then are all, even the best of men, naturally dead - In a state of spiritual death, and liable to death eternal. For had any man been otherwise, Christ had not needed to have died for him.
***2 Corinthians 5:15 And that he died for all, that they which live, etc. - This third position he draws from the preceding: If all were dead, and in danger of endless perdition; and if he died for all, to save them from that perdition; then it justly follows that they are not their own, that they are bought by his blood; and should not live unto themselves, for this is the way to final ruin; but unto him who died for them, and thus made an atonement for their sins, and rose again for their justification.
2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any one be in Christ - A true believer in him. There is a new creation - Only the power that makes a world can make a Christian. And when he is so created, the old things are passed away - Of their own accord, even as snow in spring. Behold - The present, visible, undeniable change! All things are become new - He has new life, new senses, new faculties, new affections, new appetites, new ideas and conceptions. His whole tenor of action and conversation is new, and he lives, as it were, in a new world. God, men, the whole creation, heaven, earth, and all therein, appear in a new light, and stand related to him in a new manner, since he was created anew in Christ Jesus.
2 Corinthians 5:18 And all these new things are from God, considered under this very notion, as reconciling us - The world, 2Co_5:19, to himself.
2 Corinthians 5:19 Namely - The sum of which is, God - The whole Godhead, but more eminently God the Father. Was in Christ, reconciling the world - Which was before at enmity with God. To himself - So taking away that enmity, which could no otherwise be removed than by the blood of the Son of God.
2 Corinthians 5:20 Therefore we are ambassadors for Christ - we beseech you in Christ's stead - Herein the apostle might appear to some "transported beyond himself." In general he uses a more calm, sedate kind of exhortation, as in the beginning of the next chapter. What unparalleled condescension and divinely tender mercies are displayed in this verse! Did the judge ever beseech a condemned criminal to accept of pardon? Does the creditor ever beseech a ruined debtor to receive an acquittance in full? Yet our almighty Lord, and our eternal Judge, not only vouchsafes to offer these blessings, but invites us, entreats us, and, with the most tender importunity, solicits us, not to reject them.
2 Corinthians 5:21 He made him a sin offering, who knew no sin - A commendation peculiar to Christ. For us - Who knew no righteousness, who were inwardly and outwardly nothing but sin; who must have been consumed by the divine justice, had not this atonement been made for our sins. That we might be made the righteousness of God through him - Might through him be invested wi th that righteousness, first imputed to us, then implanted in us, which is in every sense the righteousness of God

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley  

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