Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Job 23:1-12 to Job 24:1-25

Job 23:1-12 to Job 24:1-25

Job Chapter 23

What did Job wish he could do, according to these verses of this book? (1-7)

Why did Job think God would not press charges against him in these verses? (6-7)

How did Job characterize his response to his suffering in these verses? (8-12)

What do you think about that?

Why was Job terrified and fearful before God, according to these verses? (13-17)

What is he saying? What do you think about that?

Job Chapter 24

What kind of appointments did Job wish he could set up with God in verse one? (1)

What do you think about that?

What type of evil activities did Job say people engage in, according to these verses? (2-4) Why?

How did Job describe the poor in these verses of this book? (5-11)

What did Job say God did not do despite people’s dying groans and cries for help? (12)

What is he saying?

Why do evil people prefer to do their evil deeds in darkness in these verses? (13-17)  Explain

What did Job say would be the fate of evil people in these verses? (18-22)

Why did Job say God kept a watch on the ways of evil people in verse twenty-three? (23)

How long will evil people get their way, according to verse twenty-four? (24)What does this mean?

Discussion Questions

1. What petitions do you bring before God?

2. How do our days compared to Gods?

3. How does God respond to us?

Job 23:2 To - day - Even at this time, notwithstanding all your pretended consolations. Stroke - The hand or stroke of God upon me. Groaning - Doth exceed my complaints.
Job 23:3 O - I desire nothing more than his acquaintance and presence; but alas, he hides his face from me. Seat - To his throne or judgment - seat to plead my cause before him.
**Job 23:4 I would order my cause before him - Compare the notes at Isa 43:26. That is, I would arrange my arguments, or plead my cause, as one does in a court of justice. I would suggest the considerations which would show that I am not guilty in the sense charged by my friends, and that notwithstanding my calamities, I am the real friend of God.
And fill my mouth with arguments - Probably he means that he would appeal to the evidence furnished by a life of benevolence and justice, that he was not a hypocrite or a man of distinguished wickedness, as his friends maintained.
Job 23:5 Know - If he should discover to me any secret sins, for which he contendeth with me, I would humble myself before him, and accept of the punishment of mine iniquity.
Job 23:6 No - He would not use his power against me, but for me; by enabling me to plead my cause, and giving sentence according to that clemency, which he uses towards his children.
***Job 23:8 Behold, I go forward - These two verses paint in vivid colors the distress and anxiety of a soul in search of the favor of God. No means are left untried, no place unexplored, in order to find the object of his research. This is a true description of the conduct of a genuine penitent.
Job 23:10 Gold - Which comes out of the furnace pure from all dross.
Job 23:14 Performeth - Those calamities which he hath allotted to me. And - There are many such examples of God's proceeding with men.
Job 23:17 Because - God did not cut me off by death. Before - These miseries came upon me. Covered - By hiding me in the grave.
Job 24:1 Why - Why (how comes it to pass) seeing times, (the fittest seasons for every, action, and particularly for the punishment of wicked men,) are not hidden from, or unknown to the Almighty God, (seeing all times, and men that live, and things that are done, or to be done in their times and seasons, are exactly known to God) do they that know him, (who love and obey him) not see (whence is it that they cannot discern) his (that is, God's) days? His times and seasons which he takes for the punishment of ungodly men; which if they were constant and fixed in this life, they would not be unknown to good men, to whom God uses to reveal his secrets.
Job 24:5 Wild asses - Which are lawless, and fierce, and greedy of prey. Desert - Which is the proper habitation of wild asses. They - The oppressors. Go - To spoil and rob.
***Job 24:6 They reap every one his corn in the field - This is perfectly characteristic. These wandering hordes often make sudden irruptions, and carry off the harvest of grain, olives, vines, etc., and plunge with it into the wilderness, where none can follow them. The Chaldee gives the same sense: “They reap in a field that is not their own, and cut off the vineyard of the wicked.”
Job 24:9 They - The oppressors. Pluck - Out of covetousness; they will not allow the mother time for the suckling of her infant.
Job 24:12 Groan - Under grievous oppressions. Soul - The life or blood of those who are wounded to death, as this word properly signifies, crieth aloud to God for vengeance. Yet - Yet God doth not punish them.
Job 24:14 Poor - Where he finds nothing to satisfy his covetousness, he exercises his cruelty.
**Job 24:15 The eye also of the adulterer waiteth for the twilight; - compare the description in Pro 7:8-9, “He went the way to her house; in the twilight, in the evening, in the black and dark night.” And disguiseth his face - Margin, “setteth his face in secret.” The meaning is, that he put a mask on his face, lest he should be recognized. So Juvenal, Sat. viii. 144, as quoted by Noyes: - si nocturnus adulter Tempora Santonico velas adoperta cucullo. These deeds of wickedness were then performed in the night, as they are still; and yet, though the eye of God beheld them, he did not punish them. The meaning of Job is, that people were allowed to commit the blackest crimes, but that God did not come forth to cut them off.
Job 24:16 They - The robber: having on that occasion inserted the mention of the adulterer as one who acted his sin in the same manner as the night - thief did, he now returns to him again.
Job 24:20 Womb - His mother that bare him in her womb. Wickedness - The wicked man. Broken - Broken to pieces, or violently broken down, as the word signifies. Tree - Which being once broken down never grows again.
Job 24:21 He - He here returns to the declaration of his farther wickednesses, the cause of these judgments. Barren - Barrenness was esteemed a curse and reproach; and so he added affliction to the afflicted.
**Job 24:23 Though it be given him to be in safety - That is, God gives him safety. The name God is often understood, or not expressed. The meaning is, that God gives this wicked man, or oppressor, safety. He is permitted to live a life of security and tranquility. Whereon he resteth - Or, rather, “And he is sustained, or upheld” - (וישׁען veyshâ‛an). The meaning is, that he is sustained or upheld by God. Yet his eyes are upon their ways - “And the eyes of God are upon the ways of such men.” That is, God guards and defends them. He seems to smile upon them, and to prosper all their enterprises.
Job 24:24 The way - Out of this world. Other - They can no more prevent or delay their death, than the meanest men in the world. Corn - In its greatest height and maturity.
*Job 24:25 And if it be not so now,.... If this is not the case of men of such wicked lives as above described, do not prosper in the world, and increase in riches, and do not pass through the world with impunity, and die quietly, in the full possession of their honour and wealth:
who will make me a liar? where is the man? let him stand forth and appear, and disprove what has been said, and make out the doctrine delivered to be false doctrine, and a lie; for no lie is of the truth: and make my speech nothing worth; vain, useless, and unprofitable; truth is valuable, like gold, silver and precious stones; but error is as wood, hay, and stubble, and nothing worth, yea, to be detested and rejected: or let him make what I have said to stand "for nothing" (l); let him show, if he can, that it is impertinent, and not to the purpose, that it does not prove the point for which it is brought: thus Job was willing to have what he had said tried by every method that could be made use of, that it might appear whether what he had said was true or false, worthy to be regarded, or worthless; and he here bids defiance to his friends, or to any other, and triumphs over them, as having gained his point; and, as it appears by the sequel, he had, at least in a great measure, and however with respect to this matter, that good men are afflicted in this life, and wicked men prosper; of which there are many instances.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley  

Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Job 22:1-30

Job 22:1-30

1. Verses 1-30 What did Eliphaz seem to imply in his question about people benefiting God? (2-3)

What do you think he means?

Why did Eliphaz think God was punishing Job in these verses of this book? (4-5)

What do you think about that?

What did Eliphaz accuse Job of doing to his brothers and others in these verses? (6-9)

Was he?

What explanation did Eliphaz give for Job’s troubles in these verses? (10-11)

What was Eliphaz implying about God by asking, “Is not God in the heights of heaven?” (12)

What is he saying? 

How did Eliphaz describe Job’s questions about God in these verses? (13-14)

What do you think about that? 

What did Eliphaz say the righteous and innocent rejoice in, according to these verses? (19-20)

What did Eliphaz tell Job to do in these verses of this book? (21-22) Why?

What did Eliphaz say would happen if Job returned to God in these verses? (23-28)

Is he right?

Who did Eliphaz say God would save, according to these verses of this book? (29-30)

What do you think about that?

Discussion Questions
1. What do it mean to be profitable to God?
2. What does God see? Explain your answer
3. How do we see the difference if someone is one of God’s childer?

*Job 22:1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said. As Eliphaz was the first that entered the discussion with Job, being perhaps the oldest man, and might be reckoned the wisest, so he gives the lead in every course of disputation; and here, instead of replying to Job's arguments and instances, at which he was very angry, betakes himself to calumny and reproach, and to draw invidious consequences, instead of making use of solid reasons for conviction and confutation.
Job 22:2 Can, &c. - Why dost thou insist so much upon thy own righteousness, as if thou didst oblige God by it.
***Job 22:3 Is it any pleasure to the Almighty - Infinite in his perfections, he can neither gain nor lose by the wickedness or righteousness of men.
***Job 22:4 For fear of thee? - Is it because he is afraid that thou wilt do him some injury, that he has stripped thee of thy power and wealth?
Job 22:5 Evil - Is not thy evil, thy affliction, are not thy calamities procured by, and proportionable to thy sins.
***Job 22:6 Thou hast taken a pledge - Thou hast been vexatious in all thy doings, and hast exacted where nothing was due, so that through thee the poor have been unable to procure their necessary clothing.
**Job 22:7 Thou hast not given water to the weary - That is, thou hast withheld the rites of hospitality - one of the most grievous offences which could be charged on an Arabian; compare the notes at Isa 21:14. In all the Oriental world, hospitality was regarded, and is still, as a duty of the highest obligation.
Job 22:8 Dwelt - Either by thy sentence or permission, he had a peaceable and sure possession of it, whether he had right to it, or no.
Job 22:9 Arms - Their supports, and rights.
**Job 22:11 Or darkness - Darkness and night in the Scriptures are emblems of calamity.
That thou canst not see - Deep and fearful darkness; total night, so that nothing is visible. That is, the heaviest calamities had overwhelmed him. And abundance of waters - An emblem, also, of calamities; Job 27:20; Psa 69:1-2; Psa 73:10.
Job 22:12 Heaven - And from that high tower looketh down upon men, to behold, and govern, and recompense all their actions, whether good or bad. How high - Yet God is far higher than they, and from thence can easily see all things.
***Job 22:14 He walketh in the circuit of heaven - He confines himself to those infinitely exalted regions and cares nothing for the inhabitants of the earth.
Job 22:15 Old way - Heb. the way of antiquity, of men living in ancient times, their end or success.
Job 22:16 Out of - Before their time. A flood - Who, together with their foundation, the earth and all their supports and enjoyments in it, were destroyed by the general deluge.
***Job 22:19 The righteous see it, and are glad - They see God’s judgments on the incorrigibly wicked, and know that the Judge of all the earth does right; hence they rejoice in all the dispensations of his providence.
Job 22:22 Receive - Take the rule whereby thou governest thy thoughts, and words, and whole life, not from thy own imaginations or passions, but from God, from his law, which is written in thy own mind, and from the doctrines and instructions of the holy men of God. And do not only hear them with thine ears, but let them sink into thy heart.
***Job 22:23 Thou shalt be built up - God will restore thee to thy wonted state of prosperity; and thou shalt again have a household, not only of servants, but of children also. So much may be Implied in the words, Thou shalt be Built Up. See my sermon on Job 22:21-23.
*Job 22:24 Then shalt thou lay up gold as dust,.... Have such plenty of it, as not to be counted: and the gold of Ophir as the stones of the brooks; which was reckoned the best, probably in Arabia; not in the East and West Indies, which were not known to Job; though some take this to be an exhortation to despise riches, and as a dissuasion from covetousness, rendering the words, "put gold upon the dust", or earth (i), and trample upon it, as a thing not esteemed by thee, as Sephorno interprets it; make no more account of it than of the dust of the earth; let it be like dirt unto thee, "and among the stones of the brooks", Ophir (k); that is, the gold of Ophir, reckon no more of it, though the choicest gold, than the stones of the brook; or thus, "put gold for dust, and the gold of Ophir for the flint of the brooks" (l); esteem it no more than the dust of the earth, or as flint stones; the latter clause I should choose rather to render, "and for a flint the rivers of Ophir", or the golden rivers, from whence the gold of Ophir was; and it is notorious from historians, as Strabo (m) and others, that gold is taken out of rivers; and especially from the writers of the history of the West Indies (n).
***Job 22:25 Thou shalt have plenty of silver - Here again the versions and critics vary. The critics may disagree; but the doctrine of Eliphaz is sufficiently plain: “To those whom God loves best he gives the most earthly good. The rich and the great are his high favorites: the poor and the distressed he holds for his enemies.” In the above verses there seems to be a reference to the mode of obtaining the precious metals: 1. Gold in dust; 2. Gold in streams from the hills and mountains; 3. Silver in mines; כסף תועפות keseph toaphoth, “silver of giddiness,” of mines so deep as to make one giddy by looking into them. See Mr. Good.
Job 22:26 Lift up - Look up to him, with chearfulness and confidence.
***Job 22:27 Thou shalt make thy prayer unto him - תעתיר tatir, thou shalt open or unbosom thyself. And when the heart prays, God hears; and the person, being blessed, vows fidelity, prays on, is supported, and enabled to pay his vows.
***Job 22:28 Thou shalt also decree a thing - Whatsoever thou purposest in his strength, thou shalt be enabled to accomplish.
Job 22:29 Cast down - All round about thee, in a time of general calamity. There is - God will deliver thee. He - God.
Job 22:30 He, &c. - God will have so great a respect to thy innocency, that for thy sake he will deliver those that belong to thee, or live with thee, or near thee, thought in themselves they be ripe for destruction. Their hands - By thy prayers proceeding from a pure heart and conscience. So Eliphaz and his two friends, who in this matter were not innocent, were delivered by the pureness of Job's hands, Job 42:8.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries     *** Clarke’s Commentaries    All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, February 1, 2017

Job 21:1-34

Job 21:1-34

1. Verses 1-34 What did Job ask his friends to do, according to these verses of this book? (1-3)

What do you think about that?

What king of questions did Job ask about the wicked in verse seven? (7) What is he saying?

What do you think about that?

What observations did Job make about the wicked in these verses? (8-13)

How do you suppose Job feels?

What attitude did Job say the wicked had toward God in these verses? (14-15)

Why did Job avoid the advice of wicked people, according to verse sixteen? (16) Why?

What questions did Job ask about the fate of the wicked in these verses? (17-18)

For whom did Job say God stored up a person’s punishment, and why did this bother Job? (19-21)

What is being said here? What do you think about that?

What did Job ask about the teaching in verse twenty-two of this book? (22) What does this mean?

What fate is shared by the person who dies full of vigor and the person who dies in bitterness? (23-26)

What is being said here?

What did Job say his friends thought about what he said in these verses? (27-28)

What did Job say about the fate of the evil person, according to these verses? (29-33)

Why did Job conclude that his friends’ consolation was nonsense, according to verse thirty-four? (34)

What do you think about that?

Discussion Questions
1. Do the wicked suffer the same fate as the Godly? Why/ why not?
2. Who should teach God's words? Why?
3. How do empty words effect people?

*Job 21:1 But Job answered and said. In reply to what Zophar had asserted, concerning the prosperity of the wicked being only for a short time, Job 20:5; the contrary to which he most clearly proves, and that in many instances their prosperity continues as long as they live; that they die in it, and it is enjoyed by their posterity after them.
Job 21:2 Hear, &c. - If you have no other comfort to administer, at least afford me this. And it will be a comfort to yourselves in the reflection, to have dealt tenderly with your afflicted friend.
Job 21:3 Speak - without interruption. Mock - If I do not defend my cause with solid arguments, go on in your scoffs.
***Job 21:4 As for me - האנכי heanochi, “Alas for me!” Is it not with a man that I speak? And, if this be the case, why should not my spirit be troubled? I do not reply against my Maker: I suffer much from God and man; why then may I not have the privilege of complaining to creatures like myself?
Job 21:5 Mark - Consider what I am about to say concerning the prosperity of the worst of men, and the pressures of some good men, and it is able to fill you with astonishment. Lay, &c. - Be silent.
Job 21:6 Remember - The very remembrance of what is past, fills me with dread and horror.
***Job 21:7 Wherefore do the wicked live - You have frequently asserted that the wicked are invariably punished in this life; and that the righteous are ever distinguished by the strongest marks of God’s providential kindness; how then does it come that many wicked men live long and prosperously, and at last die in peace, without any evidence whatever of God’s displeasure? This is a fact that is occurring daily; none can deny it; how then will you reconcile it with your maxims?
***Job 21:8 Their seed is established - They see their own children grow up, and become settled in the land; and behold their children’s children also; so that their generations are not cut off. Even the posterity of the wicked continue.
**Job 21:10 Their bull gendereth - See Rosenmuller and Lee on this verse; comp Bochart, Hieroz. P. 1, Lib. ii. c. xxx. The general idea is, that the wicked were prospered as well as the pious. God did not interpose by a miracle to cut off their cattle, and to prevent their becoming rich.
***Job 21:11 They send forth their little ones - It is not very clear whether this refers to the young of the flocks or to their children. The first clause may mean the former, the next clause the latter; while the young of their cattle are in flocks, their numerous children are healthy and vigorous, and dance for joy.
*Job 21:12 They take the timbrel and harp,.... Not the children, but the parents of them; these took these instruments of music into their hands, and played upon them while their children danced; thus merrily they spent their time: or, as Jarchi and Aben Ezra, they lift up the voice with the tabret and harp; that is, while they played on these with their hands, they sung songs with their mouths; they used both vocal and instrumental music together, to make the greater harmony, and give the greater pleasure, like those in Amo 6:5;
and rejoice at the sound of the organ; a musical instrument, very pleasant and entertaining, from whence it has its name in the Hebrew tongue; but of what form it was cannot be with certainty said; that which we now so call is of later invention, and unknown in those times: probably Job may have respect to Jubal, the inventor of this sort of music, and others of the posterity of Cain before the flood, who practised it, and were delighted in it; in which they were imitated and followed by wicked men after it, and in Job's time, Gen 4:21.
Job 21:13 Moment - They do not die of a lingering and tormenting disease.
Job 21:14 Therefore - Because of their constant prosperity. Say - Sometimes in words, but commonly in their thoughts and the language of their lives.
***Job 21:15 What is the Almighty - What allegiance do we owe to him? We feel no obligation to obey him; and what profit can we derive from prayer? We are as happy as flesh and blood can make us: our kingdom is of this world; we wish for no other portion than that which we have. Those who have never prayed as they ought know nothing of the benefits of prayer.
Job 21:16 Lo - But wicked men have no reason to reject God, because of their prosperity, for their wealth, is not in their hand; neither obtained, nor kept by their own might, but only by God's power and favour. Therefore I am far from approving their opinion, or following their course.
Job 21:17 Often - I grant that this happens often though not constantly, as you affirm. Lamp - Their glory and outward happiness.
Job 21:19 Layeth up - In his treasures, Rom 2:5. Iniquity - The punishment of his iniquity; he will punish him both in his person and in his posterity.
Job 21:20 See - He shall be destroyed; as to see death, is to die.
Job 21:21 For what pleasure hath he in his house after him - What may happen to his posterity he neither knows nor cares for, as he is now numbered with the dead, and numbered with them before he had lived out half his years. Some have translated the verse thus: “Behold how speedily God destroys the house of the wicked after him! How he shortens the number of his months!”
Job 21:22 Teach - How to govern the world? For so you do, while you tell him that he must not afflict the godly, nor give the wicked prosperity. That he must invariably punish the wicked, and reward the righteous in this world. No: he will act as sovereign, and with great variety in his providential dispensations. High - The highest persons, on earth, he exactly knows them, and gives sentence concerning them, as he sees fit.
***Job 21:23 One dieth in his full strength - In this and the three following verses Job shows that the inequality of fortune, goods, health, strength, etc., decides nothing either for or against persons in reference to the approbation or disapprobation of God, as these various lots are no indications of their wickedness or innocence. One has a sudden, another a lingering death; but by none of these can their eternal states be determined.
*Job 21:24 His breasts are full of milk,.... As this is not literally true of men, some versions read the words otherwise; his bowels or intestines are full of fat, as the Vulgate Latin and Septuagint; and others, his sides or ribs are full of fat, as the Syriac and Arabic; the words for "side" and "fat" being near in sound to those here used; and so it describes a man fit and plump, and fleshy, when death lays hold upon him, and not wasted with consumptions and pining sickness, as in the case of some, Job 33:21; the word for breasts is observed by some (h) to signify, in the Arabic language, "vessels", in which liquors are contained, and in the Misnic language such as they put oil in, out of which oil is squeezed; and so are thought here to intend such vessels as are milked into; and therefore render it by milk pails; so Mr. Broughton, "his pails are full of milk" (i); which may denote the abundance of good things enjoyed by such persons, as rivers of honey and butter; contrary to Zophar's notion, Job 20:17; and a large increase of oil and wine, and all temporal worldly good; amidst the plenty of which such die: and his bones are moistened with marrow; not dried up through a broken spirit, or with grief and trouble, and through the decays of old age; but, being full of marrow, are moist, and firm and strong; and so it intimates, that such, at the time when death seizes them, are of an hale, healthful, robust, and strong constitution; see Psa 73:4.
***Job 21:28 For ye say, Where is the house of the prince? - In order to prove your point, ye ask, Where is the house of the tyrant and oppressor?
Are they not overthrown and destroyed? And is not this a proof that God does not permit the wicked to enjoy prosperity?
Job 21:29 Them - Any person that passes along the high - way, every one you meet with. It is so vulgar a thing, that no man of common sense is ignorant of it. Tokens - The examples, or evidences, of this truth, which they that go by the way can produce.
Job 21:31 Declare - His power and splendor are so great, that scarce any man dare reprove him.
Job 21:34 How - Why then do you seek to comfort me with vain hopes of recovering my prosperity, seeing your grounds are false, and experience shews, that good men are often in great tribulation, while the vilest of men prosper.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries   
 All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Job 20:1-29

Job 20:1-29

1. Verses 1-29 What prompted and inspired Zophar to answer Job, according to these verses? (1-3)

What did Zophar say about the happiness of the wicked or godless person in these verses? (4-5)

What is being said here? What do you think about that?

In the long run, what difference do the achievements of the godless person make? (6-7) Why?

What did Zophar say would eventually happen to the godless person in these verses? (6-11)

What do you think about that?

What is sweet in the godless person’s mouth, according to these verses? (12-13)

What does this mean?

What will happen to the good things that the godless person enjoys? (14-18) Why?

Why is the godless person prevented from enjoying the things he or she acquired in life? (19)

What do you think about that?

What did Zophar say about the godless person’s ability to save him or herself? (20-23)

What does this mean? What do you think about that?

What is the ultimate fate of the wicked, according to these verses? (24-29)

What did he say would reveal his iniquity? (27) What does this mean?

What did Zophar say about the role God plays in determining the fate of the wicked in verse twenty-? (29)

Discussion Questions
1. What does wickedness mean?
2. How do we overcome wickedness?
3. What show us our wickedness?

*Job 20:1 Then answered Zophar the Naamathite,.... Notwithstanding the sad distressed condition Job was in, an account of which is given in the preceding chapter, enough to pierce a heart of stone, notwithstanding his earnest request to his friends to have pity on him, and notwithstanding the noble confession of his faith he had made, which showed him to be a good man, and the excellent advice he gave his friends to cease persecuting him, for their own good, as well as for his peace; yet, regardless of these things, Zophar starts up and makes a reply, and attacks him with as much heat and passion, wrath and anger, as ever, harping upon the same string, and still representing Job as a wicked man and an hypocrite;
and said, as follows.
Job 20:2 Therefore - For this thy severe sentence. Make haste - I speak sooner than I intended. And possibly interrupted Job, when he was proceeding in his discourse.
Job 20:3 The check - Thy opprobrious reproofs of us. Understanding - I speak, not from passion, but certain knowledge.
Job 20:4 This - Which I am now about to say. Since - Since the world was made.
***Job 20:6 Though his excellency mount up to the heavens - Probably referring to the original state of Adam, of whose fall he appears to have spoken, Job_20:4. He was created in the image of God; but by his sin against his Maker he fell into wretchedness, misery, death, and destruction.
***Job 20:7 He shall perish for ever - He is dust, and shall return to the dust from which he was taken. Zophar here hints his disbelief in that doctrine, the resurrection of the body, which Job had so solemnly asserted in the preceding chapter. Or he might have been like some in the present day, who believe that the wicked shall be annihilated, and the bodies of the righteous only be raised from the dead; but I know of no scripture by which such a doctrine is confirmed. Like his own dung - His reputation shall be abominable, and his putrid carcass shall resemble his own excrement. A speech that partakes as much of the malevolence as of the asperity of Zophar’s spirit.
**Job 20:8 He shall fly away as a dream - As a dream wholly disappears or vanishes. This comparison of man with a dream is not uncommon, and is most impressive. See Psa_73:20; see the notes at Isa_29:7-8. As a vision of the night - As when one in a dream seems to see objects which vanish when he awakes. The parallelism requires us to understand this of what appears in a dream, and not of a spectre. In our dreams we “seem” to see objects, and when we awake they vanish.
**Job 20:9 The eye also which saw him - This is almost exactly the language which Job uses respecting himself. See Job_7:8, note; Job_7:10, note.
Job 20:11 Bones - His whole body, even the strongest parts of it. The sin - Of the punishment of it.
Job 20:12 Mouth - To his taste; though it greatly please him for the present. Hide - As an epicure doth a sweet morsel, which he keeps and rolls about his mouth, that he may longer enjoy the pleasure of it.
**Job 20:13 Though he spare it - That is, though he retains it long in his mouth, that he may enjoy it the more. And forsake it not - Retains it as long as he can. But keep it still within his mouth - Margin, as in Hebrew “in the midst of his palate.” He seeks to enjoy it as long as possible.
Job 20:14 Turned - From sweet to bitter. Gall of asps - Exceeding bitter and pernicious. Gall is most bitter; the gall of serpents is full of poison; and the poison of asps is most dangerous and within a few hours kills without remedy.
Job 20:15 Vomit - Be forced to restore them. God, &c. - If no man's hand can reach him, God shall find him out.
Job 20:17 See - Not enjoy that abundant satisfaction and comfort, which good men through God's blessings enjoy.
Job 20:18 Swallow - So as to hold it. He shall not possess it long, nor to any considerable purpose. Yea, he shall be forced to part with his estate to make compensations for his wrongs. So that he shall not enjoy what he had gotten, because it shall be taken from him.
***Job 20:19 He hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor - Literally, He hath broken in pieces the forsaken of the poor; כי רצץ עזב דלים  ki ritstsats azab dallim. The poor have fled from famine, and left their children behind them; and this hard-hearted wretch, meaning Job all the while, has suffered them to perish, when he might have saved them alive. He hath violently taken away a house which he builded not - Or rather, He hath thrown down a house, and hath not rebuilt it. By neglecting or destroying the forsaken orphans of the poor, mentioned above, he has destroyed a house, (a family), while he might, by helping the wretched, have preserved the family from becoming extinct.
Job 20:20 Belly - He shall have no peace in his mind. Desired - Any part of his desirable things, but shall forfeit and lose them all.
***Job 20:21 There shall none of his meat be left - Coverdale translates thus: He devoured so gredily, that he left nothinge behynde, therefore his goodes shal not prospere. He shall be stripped of every thing.
Job 20:22 In, &c. - In the height of prosperity he shall be distressed. Hand, &c. - So his wickedness shall be punished by those as wicked as himself.
Job 20:23 Rain - This phrase denotes both the author of his plagues, God, and the nature and quality of them, that they shall come upon him like rain; with great vehemency, so that he cannot prevent or avoid it. Eating - As it fell upon thy sons.
Job 20:24 Flee - From the sword or spear; and so shall think him self out of danger.
***Job 20:25 It is drawn, and cometh out - This refers to archery: The arrow is drawn out of the sheaf or quiver, and discharged from the bow against its mark, and pierces the vitals, and passes through the body. So Coverdale - The arowe shal be taken forth, and go out at his backe.
***Job 20:28 The increase of his house shall depart, and his goods shall flow away in the day of his wrath - A farther allusion to the punishment of the rebellious company of Korah, who not only perished themselves, but their houses also, and their goods. Num_16:32. These examples were all in point, on the ground assumed by Zophar; and such well-attested facts would not be passed over by him, had he known the record of them; and that he did know it, alludes to it, and quotes the very circumstances, is more than probable.
Job 20:29 Heritage - Heb. the heritage; so called, to denote the stability and assurance of it, that it is as firm as an inheritance to the right heir; and in opposition to that inheritance which he had gotten by fraud and violence.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries   
 All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Job 19:1-29

Job 19:1-29

1. Verses 1-29 What did Job’s friends do to him with words? (1-2)

Whose concern did Job say it would be if he had truly gone astray in verse four? (4)

What is he saying? What do you think about that?

How did Job say his friends had exalted themselves in verse five? (5)

What did Job say God had done in verse six? (6) What do you think about that?

What response did Job say he had gotten, according to verse seven? (7) Is this true?

What did Job say God had stripped him of in verse nine of this book? (9)

What group of people did Job say God counted him among in verse eleven? (11)

What is he saying?

What happened to all of Job’s relationships, according to these verses? (13-19) What does this mean?

Who did Job say had turned against him? (19) How do you think Job feels?

How did Job describe his physical condition? (20) Describe this in your own words?

What do you think about that?

Why did Job ask his friends to have pity on him in these verses? (21-22)

 What do you think about that?

What did Job wish would happen to his words, according to these verses? (23-24) Why?

What did Job say about God, according to verse twenty-five of this book? (25) What is being said?

What did Job say he would see after his death, according to these verses? (26-27)

Where did Job’s friends say his troubles came from in verse twenty-eight? (28)

What warning did Job give to his friends, according to verse twenty-nine? (29)

Discussion Questions
1. How do words effect you?
2. What is encouraging to you?
3. How could of Job's friends helped him?

*Job 19:1 Then Job answered and said. Having heard Bildad out, without giving him any interruption; and when he had finished his oration, he rose up in his own defence, and put in his answer as follows.
**Job 19:2 How long will ye vex my soul? - Perhaps designing to reply to the taunting speech of Bildad; Job_18:2. “He” had asked “how long it would be ere Job would make an end of empty talk?” “Job” asks, in reply, “how long” they would torture and afflict his soul? Or whether there was on hope that this would ever come to an end! And break me in pieces - Crush me, or bruise me - like breaking any thing in a mortar, or breaking rocks by repeated blows of the hammer. “Noyes.” He says they had crushed him, as if by repeated blows.
Job 19:3 Ten - Many times. A certain number for an uncertain. Strange - That you carry yourselves like strangers to me, and condemn me as if you had never known my integrity.
Job 19:4 Erred - If I have sinned, I myself suffer for my sins, and therefore deserve your pity rather than reproaches.
*Job 19:5 If indeed ye will magnify yourselves against me,.... Look and talk big, set up themselves for great folk, and resolve to run him down; open their mouths wide against him and speak great swelling words in a blustering manner; or magnify what they called an error in him, and set it out in the worst light they could:  and plead against me my reproach; his affliction which he was reproached with, and was pleaded against him as an argument of his being a wicked man; if therefore they were determined to go on after this manner, and insist on this kind of proof, then he would have them take what follows.
***Job 19:7 I cry out of wrong - I complain of violence and of injustice; but no one comes to my help.
***Job 19:8 He hath fenced up my way - This may allude to the mode of hunting the elephant, described at the conclusion of the preceding chapter; or to the operations of an invading army. See under Job_19:11 (note).
Job 19:9 Glory - Of my estate, children, authority, and all my comforts. Crown - All my power, and laid my honour in the dust.
***Job 19:10 Mine hope hath he removed like a tree - There is no more hope of my restoration to affluence, authority, and respect, than there is that a tree shall grow and flourish, whose roots are extracted from the earth. I am pulled up by the roots, withered, and gone.
Job 19:12 Troops - My afflictions, which are God's soldiers marching under his conduct. Raise - Cast up a trench round about me.
Job 19:13 Estranged - As we must eye the hand of God, in all the injuries we receive from our enemies, so likewise in all the slights and unkindnesses we receive from our friends.
***Job 19:14 My kinsfolk have failed - Literally, departed: they have all left my house, now there is no more hope of gain.
Job 19:15 Maids - Who by reason of their sex, commonly have more compassionate hearts than men.
**Job 19:16 I called my servant - He lost all respect for me, and paid me no attention. I entreated him - I ceased to expect “obedience,” and tried to see what “persuasion” would do. I ceased to be master in my own house.
Job 19:18 Arose - From my seat, to shew my respect to them, though they were my inferiors.
Job 19:19 Inward - My intimates and confidants, to whom I imparted all my thoughts and counsels.
Job 19:20 Skin - Immediately, the fat and flesh next to the skin being consumed. As - As closely as it doth to these remainders of flesh which are left in my inward parts.
***Job 19:21 Have pity upon me - The iteration here strongly indicates the depth of his distress, and that his spirit was worn down with the length and severity of his suffering.
Job 19:22 As God - As if you had the same infinite knowledge which God hath, whereby you can search my heart and know my hypocrisy, and the same sovereign authority to say and do what you please with me. Not satisfied - Are like wolves or lions that are not contented with devouring the flesh of their prey, but also break their bones.
Job 19:23 My words - The words which I am now about to speak. And that which Job wished for, God granted him. His words are written in God's book; so that wherever that book is read, there shall this glorious confession be declared, for a memorial of him.
Job 19:24 Lead - Anciently they used to grave the letters in a stone with an iron tool, and then to fill up the cuts with lead, that the words might be more plainly seen.
Job 19:25 For - This is the reason of his confidence in the goodness of his cause, and his willingness to have the matter depending between him and his friends, published and submitted to any trial, because he had a living and powerful Redeemer to plead his cause, and to give sentence for him. My Redeemer - In whom I have a particular interest. The word Goel, here used; properly agrees to Jesus Christ: for this word is primarily used of the next kinsman, whose office it was to redeem by a price paid, the sold or mortgaged estate of his deceased kinsman; to revenge his death, and to maintain his name and honour, by raising up seed to him. All which more fitly agrees to Christ, who is our nearest kinsman and brother, as having taken our nature upon him; who hath redeemed that everlasting inheritance which our first parents had utterly lost, by the price of his own blood; and hath revenged the death of mankind upon the great contriver of it, the devil, by destroying him and his kingdom; and hath taken a course to preserve our name, and honour, and persons, to eternity. And it is well observed, that after these expressions, we meet not with such impatient or despairing passages, as we had before; which shews that they had inspired him with new life and comfort. Latter day - At the day of the general resurrection and judgment, which, as those holy patriarchs well knew and firmly believed, was to be at the end of the world. The earth - The place upon which Christ shall appear and stand at the last day. Heb. upon the dust; in which his saints and members lie or sleep, whom he will raise out of it. And therefore he is fitly said to stand upon the dust, or the grave, or death; because then he will put that among other enemies under his feet.
***Job 19:26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body - My skin, which is now almost all that remains of my former self, except the bones; see Job_19:20. They destroy this - not body. נקפו זאת  nikkephu zoth, they - diseases and affliction, destroy This wretched composition of misery and corruption. Yet in my flesh shall I see God - Either, I shall arise from the dead, have a renewed body and see him with eyes of flesh and blood, though what I have now shall shortly moulder into dust, or, I shall see him in the flesh; my Kinsman, who shall partake of my flesh and blood, in order that he may ransom the lost inheritance.
Job 19:27 See - No wonder he repeats it again, because the meditation of it was most sweet to him. For - For my own benefit and comfort. Another - For me or in my stead. I shall not see God by another's eyes, but by my own, and by these self - same eyes, in this same body which now I have. Though - This I do confidently expect, tho' the grave and the worms will consume my whole body.
Job 19:28 Therefore - Because my faith and hope are in God. The root - The root denotes, a root of true religion. And the root of all true religion is living faith.
Job 19:29 Sword - Of some considerable judgment to be inflicted on you which is called the sword, as Deu_32:41, and elsewhere. That - This admonition I give you, that you may know it in time, and prevent it. A judgment - God sees and observes, and will judge all your words and actions.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley

Wednesday, January 11, 2017

Job 18:1-21

Job 18:1-21

1. Verses 1-21 Why did Bildad want Job to stop talking? (1-2) What do you think about that?

How did Bildad respond to Job in these verses? (1-21)

What faults did Bildad see in Job in these verses? (1-21)

How did Bildad characterize the wicked, according to these verses? (1-21)

What did Bildad think of Job’s speeches, according to verse two of this book? (2) What is he saying?

What did Bildad say Job did to himself in verse four? (4) What does this mean?

What did Bildad imply that Job was? (5,21) Is he?

What did Bildad say would happen to the wicked, according to these verses? (5-6) Does it?

How do the schemes of a wicked person affect him or her in these verses? (7-10)

What do you think about that?

What did Bildad say is hungry and ready for the wicked, according to verse twelve? (12)

What does this mean?

Where did Bildad say the wicked were taken to in verse fourteen? (14) Is this true?

What will happen to the wicked in verse seventeen, according to Bildad? (17) What is being said?

What is the fate of the person who does not know God, according to these verses? (18-21) Why?

Discussion Questions
1. What happens when we talk alot?
2. Whose fault is our troubles? Why?
3. What can we expect from sin? Do we?

*Job 18:1 Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said. Who, next to Eliphaz, spoke before, and now in his turn attacks Job a second time, and more roughly and severely than before; now he gives him no advice or counsel, nor any instructions and exhortations for his good, nor suggests that it might be better times with him again, as he had done before; but only heaps up charges against him, and describes the miserable circumstances of a wicked man, as near to Job's as he could; thereby endeavouring to confirm his former position, that wicked men are punished of God, and to have this conclusion drawn from it, that Job must needs be a wicked man, since he was so greatly afflicted.
Job 18:2 Ye - Thou, O Job; of whom he speaks here, as also Job 18:3, in the plural number, as was a common idiotism of the Eastern language, to speak thus of one person, especially where he was one of eminency. Mark - Consider the matter better.
***Job 18:3 Counted as beasts - Thou treatest us as if we had neither reason nor understanding.
Job 18:4 He - Job. Thou art thy own tormentor. Forsaken - Shall God give over the government of the earth for thy sake, to prevent thy complaints and clamours? Shall the counsels of God, which are more immoveable than rocks, and the whole course of his providence be altered to comply with thy humours?
Job 18:5 The light of the wicked shall be put out - Some think it would be better to translate the original, “Let the light of the wicked be extinguished!” Thou art a bad man, and thou hast perverted the understanding which God hath given thee. Let that understanding, that abused gift, be taken away. From this verse to the end of the chapter is a continual invective against Job.
***Job 18:6 The light shall be dark in his tabernacle - His property shall be destroyed, his house pillaged, and himself and his family come to an untimely end. His candle shall be put out - He shall have no posterity.
Job 18:7 The steps of his strength - Even in his greatest prosperity he shall be in straits and difficulties. His own counsel - He shall be the dupe and the victim of his own airy, ambitious, and impious schemes.
Job 18:8 Feet - By his own designs and actions.
**Job 18:9 The gin - Another method of taking wild beasts. It was a snare so made as to spring suddenly on an animal, securing him by the neck or feet. We use a trap for the same purpose. The Hebrew word (פח pach) may denote anything of this kind - a snare, net, noose, etc. with which birds or wild animals are taken.
By the heel - By the foot. And the robber shall prevail - He shall be overpowered by the highwayman; or the plunderer shall make a sudden descent upon him, and strip him of his all. The meaning is, that destruction would suddenly overtake him. There can be no doubt that Bildad meant to apply all this to Job.
*Job 18:10 The snare is laid for him in the ground,.... Or "hidden" (r) there; for, as Solomon says, "in vain the net is spread in sight of any bird", Pro 1:17; and in vain it is to lay a snare publicly in the sight or creature, it will not then come near it, but shun and avoid it; and therefore it is laid underground, or hid in the earth, or in some private place, where the creature it is designed for may be thought to come, or into which it is decoyed; or "the cord" (s), that which is fastened to the snare or net, and which the fowler holds in his hand, and pulls with; as he finds occasion and opportunity offers; but this is hid as much as possible, that it may not be seen: and a trap for him in the way; in which he is used to walk, by the roadside, or in it; Mr. Broughton renders it, "a pitfall on the wayside", such as is dug for beasts to fall into and be taken. The whole of this is designed to show how suddenly and secretly wicked men are taken in nets, and snares, and gins, either of their own or others laying, and, while they are crying "Peace, peace, sudden destruction comes upon them"; see Ecc 9:12.
**Job 18:11 Terrors shall make him afraid - He shall be constantly subject to alarms, and shall never feel secure. “Terrors here are represented as allegorical persons, like the Furies in the Greek poets.” Noyes. The idea here is substantially the same as that given by Eliphaz, Job 15:21-22. And shall drive him to his feet - Margin, scatter. This is a literal translation of the Hebrew. The idea is, that he will be alarmed by such terrors; his self-composure will be dissipated, and he will “take to his heels.”
**Job 18:12 His strength shall be hungerbitten - Shall be exhausted by hunger or famine.
And destruction shall be ready at his side - Hebrew “Shall be fitted” נכוּן nākûn “to his side.” Some have supposed that this refers to some disease, like the pleurisy, that would adhere closely to his side. So Jerome understands it. Schultens has quoted some passages from Arabic poets, in which calamities are represented as “breaking the side.” Bildad refers probably, to some heavy judgments that would crush a man; such that the ribs, or the human frame, could not bear; and the meaning is, that a wicked man would be certainly crushed by misfortune.
Job 18:13 First - born - A terrible kind of death. The first - born was the chief of his brethren, and therefore this title is given to things eminent in their kind.
***Job 18:17 His remembrance shall perish - He shall have none to survive him, to continue his name among men. No name in the street - He shall never be a man of reputation; after his demise, none shall talk of his fame.
***Job 18:19 He shall neither have son nor nephew - Coverdale, following the Vulgate, translates thus: He shal neither have children ner kynss folk among his people, no ner eny posterite in his countrie: yonge and olde shal be astonyshed at his death.
Job 18:20 Astonied - At the day of his destruction. They shall be amazed at the suddenness, and dreadfulness of it. Before - Before the persons last mentioned. Those who lived in the time and place where this judgment was inflicted.
*Job 18:21 Surely such are the dwellings of the wicked - The conclusion or sum of the whole matter. The meaning is, that the habitations of all that knew not God would be desolate - a declaration which Job could not but regard as aimed at himself; compare Job 20:29. This is the close of this harsh and severe speech. It is no wonder that Job should feel it keenly, and that he “did” feel it is apparent from the following chapter. A string of proverbs has been presented, having the appearance of proof, and as the result of the long observation of the course of events, evidently bearing on his circumstances, and so much in point that he could not well deny their pertinency to his condition. He was stung to the quick, and and gave vent to his agonized feelings in the following chapter.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley

Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Job 16:1-22 – Job 17:1-16

Job 16:1-22 – Job 17:1-16
Job Chapter 16
What kind of comforter did Job say his three friends were in these verses? (2-3) Why?
What did Job say he would do if his friends were in his place, according to these verses? (4-5)
What did Job say God had done to him in these verses of this book? (7-14) What is he saying?
How had Job responded to what God had done to him, according to these verses? (15-17)
What do you think about that?
Where was Job’s advocate or intercessor, and what was he doing in these verses? (19-21)
What sort of journey did Job say he would be going on in verse twenty-two? (22)
Job Chapter 17
What did Job say about his spirit in these verses? (1-2) What do you think about that?
What did Job say about God in verse six of this book? (6) What is he saying?
What do you think about that?
How did the upright and the innocent respond to Job’s misery in these verses? (8-9)
What happened to Job’s plans and the desires of his heart, according to verse eleven? (11)
What did Job’s friends say was near in verse twelve? (12) Whats being said?
What sort of hope did Job envision in these verses of this book? (12-16) Why?
Discussion Questions
1. What is pity? How do we have it?
2. What is relief? How is this achieved? 
3. What is hope? How is this done?

Chapter 16
**Job 16:2 I have heard many such things - These sayings of the ancients are not strange to me; but they do not apply to my case: ye see me in affliction; ye should endeavor to console me. This ye do not; and yet ye pretend to do it! Miserable comforters are ye all.
Job 16:3 End - When wilt thou put an end to these impertinent discourses? He retorts upon him his charge, Job 15:2-3.
***Job 16:5 I would strengthen you with my mouth - Mr. Good translates thus: -“With my own mouth will I overpower you,Till the quivering of my lips shall fail;”for which rendering he contends in his learned notes. This translation is countenanced by the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic versions.
Job 16:7 He - God, as appears by the following words. Weary - Either of complaining, or, of my life. Desolate - Hast turned my society into desolation, by destroying my children and servants.
Job 16:9 Eyes - Looks upon me with a fierce, and sparkling eye, as enraged persons use to do.
Job 16:10 They - My friends. Gaped - Opened their mouths wide against me. In all this Job was a type of Christ. These very expressions are used in the predictions of his sufferings, Psa 22:13. They gaped upon me with their mouths, and Mic 5:1. They shall smite the judge of Israel upon the check.
Job 16:12 Shaken - As a mighty man doth with some stripling, when he wrestleth with him. Mark - That he may shoot all his arrows in me.
Job 16:13 His archers - Whoever are our enemies, we must look on them as God's archers, and see him directing the arrow.
**Job 16:14 He breaketh me - He crushes me. With breach upon breach - He renews and repeats the attack, and thus completely overwhelms me. One blow follows another in such quick succession, that he does not give me time to recover. He runneth upon me like a giant - With great and irresistible force - as some strong and mighty warrior whom his adversary cannot resist. The Hebrew is גבור gı̂bbôr - “a mighty one.” Septuagint, “The mighty - δυνάμενοι dunamenoi - run upon me.” Vulgate, “gigas” - a giant.
**Job 16:17 Not for any injustice ... - Still claiming that he does not deserve his sorrows, and that these calamities had not come upon him on account of any enormous sins, as his friends believed. My prayer is pure - My devotion; my worship of God is not hypocritical - as my friends maintain.
Job 16:18 Earth - The earth is said to cover that blood, which lies undiscovered and unrevenged: but saith Job, if I be guilty of destroying any man, let the earth disclose it; let it be brought to light. Cry - Let the cry of my complaints to men, or prayers to God, find no place in the ears or hearts of God or men, if this be true.
***Job 16:19 My witness is in heaven - I appeal to God for my innocence.
***Job 16:20 My friends scorn me - They deride and insult me, but my eye is towards God; I look to him to vindicate my cause.
Chapter 17 
Job 17:1 The graves - He speaks of the sepulchres of his fathers, to which he must be gathered. The graves where they are laid, are ready for me also. Whatever is unready, the grave is ready for us: it is a bed soon made. And if the grave be ready for us, it concerns us, to be ready for the grave.
Job 17:2 Are not - Do not my friends, instead of comforting, mock me? Thus he returns to what he had said, Job 16:20, and intimates the justice of his following appeal.
***Job 17:3 Lay down now - Deposit a pledge; stake your conduct against mine, and your life and soul on the issue; let the cause come before God, let him try it; and see whether any of you shall be justified by him, while I am condemned.
Job 17:4 Hid - Thou hast blinded the minds of my friends: therefore I desire a more wise and able judge. Therefore - Thou wilt not give them the victory over me in this contest, but wilt make them ashamed of their confidence.
*Job 17:5 He that speaketh flattery to his friends,.... As Job's friends did to him when they promised great outward prosperity, and a restoration to his former state, and to a greater affluence upon his repentance and reformation; or when they spoke deceitfully for God, pretending great regard to the honour of his justice and holiness, and therefore insisted on it that he must be a wicked man and an hypocrite, that was afflicted by him, as Job was: even the eyes of his children shall fail; so hateful are some sins to God, and particularly deceitful tongues, and flattering lips, that he will punish them in their posterity; the eyes of their children shall fail for want of sustenance, and while they are looking in vain for salvation and deliverance out of trouble, see Exo_20:4.
***Job 17:6 He hath made me also a by-word - My afflictions and calamities have become a subject of general conversation, so that my poverty and affliction are proverbial. As poor as Job, As afflicted as Job, are proverbs that have even reached our times and are still in use. Aforetime I was as a tabret - This is not the translation of the Hebrew ותפת לפנים אהיה vethopheth lephanim eheyeh. Instead of לפנים lephanim, I would read לפניהם liphneghem, and then the clause might be translated thus: I shall be as a furnace, or consuming fire (Topheth) before them. They shall have little reason to mock when they see the end of the Lord’s dealings with me; my example will be a consuming fire to them, and my false friends will be confounded. Coverdale translates thus: He hath made me as it were a byworde of the comon people. I am his gestinge stocke amonge them.
Job 17:7 As a shadow - I am grown so poor and thin, that I am not to be called a man, but the shadow of a man.
Job 17:10 Come - And renew the debate, as I see you are resolved to do.
***Job 17:13 The grave is mine house - Let my life be long or short, the grave at last will be my home. I expect soon to lie down in darkness - there is my end: I cannot reasonably hope for any thing else.
Job 17:14 Corruption - Heb. to the pit of corruption, the grave. Father - I am near a - kin to thee, and thou wilt receive and keep me in thy house, as parents do their children.
***Job 17:15 And where is now my hope? - In the circumstances in which I am found, of what use can hope be? Were I to form the expectation of future good, who could ever see it realized? Is it then any wonder that I should complain and bemoan my wretched lot?
Job 17:16 They - My hopes, of which he spake in the singular number, Job 17:15, which he here changes into the plural, as is usual in these poetical books. Bars - Into the innermost parts of the pit: my hopes are dying, and will be buried in my grave. We must shortly be in the dust, under the bars of the pit, held fast there, 'till the general resurrection. All good men, if they cannot agree now will there rest together. Let the foresight of this cool the heat of all contenders, and moderate the disputers of this world.
* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley