Wednesday, September 28, 2016

Job 2:1-13

Job 2:1-13

1. Verses 1-10 What major events occurred in these verses? (1-13)

What did Satan say that Job would do if his bone and flesh were touched? (1-5)

Where did Satan come from, according to verse two? (2) Why?

Why did God ask Satan to consider Job again in verse three? (3) Why say it a second time?

What did God say Job had maintained in verse three of this book? (3) What does this say about Job?

Why did Satan say that it was no big deal that Job had maintained his integrity? (4-5)

What authority did God give to Satan in verse six of this book? (6)

What did Satan do to Job, according to verse seven? (7) Why?

What did Job’s wife tell him to do in verse nine? (9) What do you think about that?

How did Job respond to his wife’s suggestion in verse ten of this book? (10)

What do you think about that?

What did Job not do in the midst of his troubles, according to verse ten? (10) What does this mean?

2. Verses 11-12 What purpose did Job’s friends set out to meet Job for in verse eleven? (11)

What did Job’s friends do when they saw him in verse twelve of this book? (12) Why?

Why were Job’s friends silent for seven days, according to verse thirteen of this book? (13)

Discussion Questions
1. What does it mean to be healthy? Both physical/spiritual.
2.  What does it mean to have integrity?
3. How do we hold on the our morals and integrity when others around don't care about it?

**Job 2:1 Again there was a day ... - See the notes at Job 1:6. These seasons are represented as periodical, when the angels came, as it were, to make report to God of what they had observed and done. The Chaldee renders this, “And there was a day of the great judgment (רבא דינא יום yôm dı̂ynā' rābā'), a day of the remission of sins (שבוק יום סרחניא) and there came bands (כתי) of angels.” To present himself before the Lord - This does not occur in the former statement in Job 1:6. It here means that he came before the Lord after he had had permission to afflict; Job. The Chaldee renders it “that he might stand in judgment דין dı̂yn before the Lord.”
*Job 2:2 And the Lord said unto Satan, whence camest thou?.... The same question is put to him, and the same answer is returned by him; See Gill on Job 1:7.
***Job 2:3 To destroy him without cause - Thou wishedst me to permit thee to destroy a man whose sins have not called for so heavy a judgment. This seems to be the meaning of this saying. The original word, לבלעו leballeo, signifies to swallow down or devour; and this word St. Peter had no doubt in view in the place quoted on Job 2:7 of the preceding chapter: “Your adversary the devil goeth about as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may Devour; ζητων, τινα καταπιῃ, seeking whom he may Swallow or Gulp Down. See the note on 1Pe 5:8.
***Job 2:4 Skin for skin - That is, A man will part with all he has in the world to save his life; and he will part with all by piecemeal, till he has nothing left on earth, and even be thankful, provided his life be spared. Thou hast only destroyed his property; thou hast left him his life and his health. Thou hast not touched his flesh nor his bone; therefore he is patient and resigned. Man, through the love of life, will go much farther: he will give up one member to save the rest; yea, limb after limb as long as there is hope that, by such sacrifices, life may be spared or prolonged. This is the meaning given to the passage by the Targum; and, I believe, the true one; hence, Job 2:6, the Lord says, Save his life.
**Job 2:5 But put forth thine hand now - Satan felt that he had no power to afflict Job without permission. Malignant as he was, he knew that God only could subject the holy man to this trial - another proof that Satan is under the control of the Almighty, and acts only as he is “permitted” to act in tempting and trying the good. And touch his bone - See the note at Job 1:11. Afflict his body so as to endanger his life. The words “bone” and “flesh” denote the whole body. The idea was, that the whole body should be subjected to severe pain. And he will curse thee to thy face - Notes at Job 1:11.
**Job 2:6 Behold, he is in thine hand - He is at thy disposal; see Job 1:12, Margin. But save his life - Margin, “only.” This was to be the only limitation. It would seem that he had the power to make any selection of disease, and to afflict him in any manner, provided it did not terminate fatally. The keen sorrows which Job afterward endured showed the malignancy of the tempter; evinced his ingenuity in inflicting pain, and his knowledge of what thc human frame could be made to bear.
Job 2:7 Boils - Like those inflicted upon the Egyptians, which are expressed by the same word, and threatened to apostate Israelites, Deu 28:27, whereby he was made loathsome to himself, and to his nearest relations, and filled with consuming pains in his body, and no less torments and anguish in his mind.
Job 2:8 Scrape - This he did not with soft linen clothes, either because he had not now a sufficient quantity of them; or because therein he must have had the help of others who abhorred to come near him. Nor with his own hands or fingers, which were also ulcerous, and so unfit for that use; but with potsherds, either because they were next at hand, and ready for his present use; or in token of his deep humiliation under God's hand, which made him decline all things that favoured of tenderness and delicacy. Heb. in dust or ashes, as mourners used to do. If God lay him among the ashes, there he will contentedly sit down. A low spirit becomes low circumstances, and will help to reconcile us to them.
Job 2:9 Then said his wife - Whom Satan spared, to be a troubler and tempter to him. It is his policy, to send his temptations by the hands of those that are dear to us. We must therefore carefully watch, that we be not drawn to any evil, by them whom we love and value the most. Die - I see thou art set upon blessing of God, thou blessest God for giving, and thou blessest God for taking away, and thou art still blessing God for thy loathsome diseases, and he rewards thee accordingly, giving thee more and more of that kind of mercy for which thou blessest him. Go on therefore in thy generous course, and bless God, and die as a fool dieth.
**Job 2:10 Thou speakest as one of the foolish - Thou speakest like an infidel; like one who has no knowledge of God, of religion, or of a future state. The Targum, who calls this woman Dinah, translates thus: “Thou speakest like one of those women who have wrought folly in the house of their father.” This is in reference to an ancient rabbinical opinion, that Job lived in the days of the patriarch Jacob, whose daughter Dinah he had married. Shall we receive good - This we have received in great abundance for many years: And shall we not receive evil? - Shall we murmur when He afflicts us for a day, who has given us health for so many years? Shall we blaspheme his name for momentary privations, who has given us such a long succession or enjoyments? His blessings are his own: he never gave them to us; they were only lent. We have had the long, the free, the unmerited use of them; and shall we be offended at the Owner, when he comes to reclaim his own property? This would be foolish, ungrateful, and wicked. So may every one reason who is suffering from adversity. But who, besides Job, reasons thus? Man is naturally discontented and ungrateful. In all this did not Job sin with his lips - The Chaldee adds, But in his heart he thought words. He had surmisings of heart, though he let nothing escape from his lips.
Job 2:11 They - Who were persons eminent for birth and quality, for wisdom and knowledge, and for the profession of the true religion, being probably of the posterity of Abraham, a - kin to Job, and living in the same country. Eliphaz descended from Teman, the grandson of Esau, Gen 36:11. Bildad probably from Shuah, Abraham's son by Keturah, Gen 25:2. Zophar is thought to be same with Zepho, (Gen 36:11.) a descendant from Esau. The preserving of so much wisdom and piety among those who were not children of the promise, was an happy presage of God's grace to the Gentiles, when the partition wall should be taken down.
***Job 2:12 They rent every one his mantle - I have already had frequent occasions to point out and illustrate, by quotations from the ancients, the actions that were used in order to express profound grief; such as wrapping themselves in sackcloth, covering the face, strewing dust or ashes upon the head, sitting upon the bare ground, etc., etc.; significant actions which were in use among all nations.
***Job 2:13 They sat down with him upon the ground seven days - They were astonished at the unprecedented change which had taken place in the circumstances of this most eminent man; they could not reconcile his present situation with any thing they had met with in the history of Divine providence. The seven days mentioned here were the period appointed for mourning. The Israelites mourned for Jacob seven days, Gen 50:10. And the men of Jabesh mourned so long for the death of Saul, 1Sa 31:13; 1Ch 10:12. And Ezekiel sat on the ground with the captives at Chebar, and mourned with and for them seven days. Eze 3:15. The wise son of Sirach says, “Seven days do men mourn for him that is dead;” Sirach 22:12. So calamitous was the state of Job, that they considered him as a dead man: and went through the prescribed period of mourning for him.
They saw that his grief was very great - This is the reason why they did not speak to him: they believed him to be suffering for heavy crimes, and, seeing him suffer so much, they were not willing to add to his distresses by invectives or reproach. Job himself first broke silence.

* Gill Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    ** Clarke’s Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Job 1:1-22

Job 1:1-22

1. Verses 1-5 Who did Job fear, and what did Job shun in verse one of this book? (1)

What kind of man is he?

How many sons and daughters did Job have at the beginning? (2)

How many sheep, camels, oxen and asses did Job have at the beginning? (3)

How did Job’s wealth compare to others? (3) Why do you think the author pointed this out?

Who are the three main people in these events of these verses? (1-22)

How did Job purify his children and why in these verses of this book? (4-5)

What do you think about that?

2. Verses 6-12 What were the angels doing in verse six? (6) Who was also there? Why?

Where did Satan come from in verse seven? (7) What does this mean?

What did God say about Job? (8) What do you think about that?

Why did Satan say that Job feared God in these verses of this book? (9-10) Why say this?

What did Satan say Job would do if God took away everything Job had? (11) Why do he think that?

What authority did God give to Satan in verse twelve of this book? (12)

What do you think about that?

3. Verses 13-22 What happened to Job’s livestock in these verses of this book? (13-17)

What happened to Job’s children in these verses of this book? (18-19) What do you think about that?

How did Job respond to the tragedies that happened to him in these verses? (20-21)

What do you think about that?

What way did Job not sin in verse twenty-two of this book? (22) What does this mean?

Discussion Questions
1. Can we always protect our family? What can we do?
2. What does it mean to have a good character?
3. Why do people blame God?

Job 1:1 Uz - Part of Arabia. Perfect - Not legally or exactly, but as to his sincere intentions, hearty affections, and diligent endeavours to perform all his duties to God and men. Upright - Heb. right, exact and regular in all his dealings, with men; one of an unblameable conversation. Feared - One truly pious, and devoted to God. Eschewed - Carefully avoiding all sin against God or men.
**Job 1:2 And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters - The same number was given to him again after these were lost, and his severe trials had been endured; see Job_42:13. Of his second family the names of the daughters are mentioned, Job_42:14. Of his first, it is remarkable that neither the names of his wife, his sons nor his daughters are recorded. The Chaldee, however, on what authority is unknown, says that the name of his wife was דינה  di^yna^h, Job_2:9.
***Job 1:3 His substance also was seven thousand sheep - A thousand, says the Chaldee, for each of his sons. Three thousand camels: a thousand for each of his daughters. Five hundred yoke of oxen for himself. And five hundred she-asses for his wife. Thus the Targum divides the substance of this eminent man.A very great household - עבדה רבה מאד  abuddah rabbah meod, “a very great estate.” The word עבדה  abuddah refers chiefly to husbandry, including all manner of labor in the field, with cattle, and every description of servants. The greatest of all the men of the East - He was more eminent than any other person in that region in wisdom, wealth, and piety. He was the chief emir of that district.
***Job 1:4 Feasted in their houses, every one his day - It is likely that a birthday festival is here intended. When the birthday of one arrived, he invited his brothers and sisters to feast with him; and each observed the same custom.
Job 1:5 When - When each of them had had his turn. Satisfied - He exhorted them to examine their own consciences, to repent of any thing, which had been amiss in their feasting, and compose their minds for employments of a more solemn nature. Early - Thereby shewing his ardent zeal in God's service. May be - His zeal for God's glory, and his true love to his children, made him jealous. Cursed - Not in a gross manner, which it is not probable either that they should do, or that Job should suspect it concerning them, but despised or dishonoured God; for both Hebrew and Greek words signifies cursing, are sometimes used to note only, reviling or setting light by a person. Hearts - By slight and low thoughts of God, or by neglecting to give God the praise for the mercies which they enjoyed. Thus - It was his constant course at the end of every feasting time, to offer a sacrifice for each. Parents should be particular in their addresses to God, for the several branches of their family; praying for each child, according to his particular temper, genius and disposition.
Job 1:6 A day - A certain time appointed by God. The sons - The holy angels, so called, Job_38:7; Dan_3:25, Dan_3:28, because of their creation by God, for their resemblance of him in power, and dignity, and holiness, and for their filial affection and obedience, to him. Before - Before his throne, to receive his commands, and to give him an account of their negotiations. But you must not think that these things are to be understood literally; it is only a parabolical representation of that great truth, that God by his wise and holy providence governs all the actions of men and devils: It being usual with the great God to condescend to our shallow capacities, and to express himself, as the Jews phrase it, in the language of the sons of men. And it is likewise intimated, that the affairs of earth are much the subject of the counsels of the unseen world. That world is dark to us: but we lie open to it.
***Job 1:7 From going to and fro in the earth - The translation of the Septuagint is curious: Περιελθων την γην και εμπεριπατησας την ὑπ’ ουρανον, παρειμι; “Having gone round the earth, and walked over all that is under heaven, I am come hither.” The Chaldee says, “I am come from going round the earth to examine the works of the children of men; and from walking through it.” Coverdale, who generally hits the sense, translates thus: I have gone aboute the londe ond walked thorow it. Mr. Good has it, from roaming round the earth, and walking about it. St. Peter, as has been already stated, 1Pe_5:8, refers to this: “Be sober, be vigilant; for your Adversary the Devil Goeth About, as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.” I rather think, with Coverdale, that ארץ  arets here signifies rather that land, than the habitable globe. The words are exceedingly emphatic; and the latter verb התהלך  hithhallech being in the hithpael conjugation shows how earnest and determined the devil is in his work: he sets himself to walk; he is busily employed in it; he is seeking the destruction of men; and while they sleep, he wakes - while they are careless, he is alert. The spirit of this saying is often expressed by the simple inhabitants of the country: when they perceive a man plotting mischief, and frequent in transgression, they say, The devil is Busy with him.
***Job 1:8 Hast thou considered my servant Job - Literally, Hast thou placed thy heart on my servant Job? Hast thou viewed his conduct with attention, whilst thou wert roaming about, seeking whom thou mightest devour? viz., the careless, prayerless, and profligate in general.
***Job 1:9 Doth Job fear God for naught? - Thou hast made it his interest to be exemplary in his conduct: for this assertion Satan gives his reasons in what immediately follows.
***Job 1:10 Hast not thou made a hedge about him - Thou hast fortified him with spikes and spears. Thou hast defended him as by an unapproachable hedge. He is an object of thy peculiar care; and is not exposed to the common trials of life.
**Job 1:11 But put forth thine hand now - That is, for the purpose of injuring him, and taking away his property. And touch all that he hath - Dr. Good renders this, “and smite.” The Vulgate and the Septuagint, “touch.” The Hebrew word used here נגע  na^ga‛ means properly to “touch;” then to touch anyone with violence Gen_26:11; Jos_9:19, and then to smite, to injure, to strike; see Gen_32:26, 33; 1Sa_6:9; Job_19:21; compare the notes at Isa_53:4. Here it means evidently to smite or strike; and the idea is, that if God should take away the property of Job, he would take away his religion with it - and the trial was to see whether this effect would follow. And he will curse thee to thy face - He will do it openly and publicly. The word rendered “curse” here ברך  ba¯rak is the same as that used in Job_1:5, and which is usually rendered “bless;” see the notes at Job_1:5. Dr. Good contends that; it should be rendered here “bless,” and translates it as a question: “Will he then, indeed, bless thee to thy face?” But in this he probably stands alone. The evident sense is, that Job would openly renounce God, and curse him on his throne; that all his religion was caused merely by his abundant prosperity, and was mere gratitude and selfishness; and that if his property were taken away, he would become the open and avowed enemy of him who was now his benefactor.
Job 1:12 Behold, &c. - It seems strange, that, God should give Satan such a permission as this. But he did it for his own glory, for the honour of Job, for the explanation of providence, and the encouragement of his afflicted people in all ages.
***Job 1:13 There was a day - The first day of the week, says the Targum. It no doubt refers to one of those birthday festivals mentioned before.
***Job 1:14 The asses feeding beside them - אתנות  athonoth, the she-asses, which appear to have been more domesticated, as of more worth and use than the others, both for their milk and their work.
Job 1:17 Chaldeans - Who also lived upon spoil, as Xenephon and others observe.
**Job 1:18 Eating and drinking wine - ; the notes at Job_1:4, Job_1:13.
***Job 1:19 A great wind from the wilderness - Here was another proof of the influence of the prince of the power of the air. What mischief might he not do with this tremendous agent, were he not constantly under the control of the Almighty! He seems to have directed four different currents, which, blowing against the four corners or sides of the house, crushed it together, and involved all within in one common ruin.
Job 1:20 Shaved - Caused his hair to be shaved or cut off, which was then an usual ceremony in mourning. Worshipped - Instead of cursing God, which Satan said he would do, he adored him, and gave him the glory of his sovereignty, of his justice, and of his goodness also, in this most severe dispensation.
Job 1:21 Naked - I brought none of these things with me, when I came out of my mother's womb into the world, but I received them from the hand of God, who hath now required his own again. Return thither - I shall be as rich when I die as I was when I was born, and therefore have reason to be contented with my condition, which also is the common lot of all men. Into the lap of our common mother, the earth, as the weary child lays its head in its mother's bosom. We go out of the world naked; the body doth, tho' the sanctified soul goes clothed. (2Co_5:3.) Death strips us of all our enjoyments: clothing can neither warm nor adorn a dead body. Taken - He hath taken away nothing but his own, and what he so gave that he reserved the supreme disposal of in his own hand. And what is it to me, by what hand he that gives, resumes what he gave?
Job 1:22 Charged - Heb. not imputed folly to God; so far was he from blaspheming God, that he did not entertain any dishonourable thought of God, as if he had done anything unworthy of his infinite wisdom, or justice, or goodness, but heartily acquiesced in his good pleasure, and in his righteous though sharp proceedings against him. Discontent and impatience do in effect impute folly to God. Against the workings of these we should carefully watch, acknowledging that God has done well, but we have done foolishly.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries   
 All others by Wesley  

Wednesday, September 7, 2016

Revelation 22:1-21

Revelation 22:1-21

1. Verses 1-5 Does Heaven have a River and where does this River come from in verse one? (1)

Does Heaven have a tree of life and what is the fruit yielded for every month? (2) Read Genesis 3:22

Does Heaven have a throne and who shall be in it? (3)

What will not exist in the New Jerusalem? (3-5) Why?

What kind of light will there be in Heaven? (5)

How long will the saints live in Heaven? (5)

2. Verses 6-11 What are these words? (6) How do we know?

What did Jesus say at the beginning of verse seven of the book of Revelations? (7)

What does this mean?

When John heard these things and he fell down to worship the Angel, what did the Angel say? (8-9)


Why did the angel tell John not to shut the book? (10-11) What is being said?

If men ignore the prophecies of this book and they choose their evil ways, what will be the result? (11)

3. Verses 12-17 Jesus said, behold I come quickly, what will He bring with Him? (12) What does this mean?

What are the eternal words that Jesus said in verse thirteen of the book of Revelations? (13)

Who will be blessed? (14) What does this mean?

What name or title is given to our Lord Jesus Christ in verse sixteen of the book of Revelations? (16)

Who says “come”? (17)

What are the last three invitations of the bible in verse seventeen of the book of Revelations? (17)

4. Verses 18-19 What will happen to someone who adds to this book? (18) Why?

What are the warnings that God gives to every man that heareth the words of prophecy? (18-19)

5. Verses 20-21 What are the last recorded words of our Lord Jesus Christ in the New Testament? (20)

What did John write in the last verse of the Holy Bible? (21) What do you think about that?

Discussion Questions 
1. When was the end and the new beginning established?
2. What does the new beginning mean for us?

***Revelation 22:1 Pure river of water of life - This is evidently a reference to the garden of paradise, and the river by which it was watered; and there is also a reference to the account, Eze_47:7-12. Water of life, as we have seen before, generally signifies spring or running water; here it may signify incessant communications of happiness proceeding from God.
Revelation 22:2 In the midst of the street - Here is the paradise of God, mentioned, Rev_2:7. Is the tree of life - Not one tree only, but many. Every month - That is, in inexpressible abundance. The variety, likewise, as well as the abundance of the fruits of the Spirit, may be intimated thereby. And the leaves are for the healing of the nations - For the continuing their health, not the restoring it; for no sickness is there.
***Revelation 22:3 No more curse - Instead of καταναθεμα, curse, the best MSS., versions, etc., read καταθεμα cursed person. As there shall be no more sinning against God, so there shall be no more curse of God upon the people; for they shall be all his servants, and serve him. Our first parents came under the curse by sinning against their Maker in paradise; these shall never apostatize, therefore neither they nor the earth shall be cursed.
**Revelation 22:4 And they shall see his face - See the notes on Mat_18:10. They would be constantly in his presence, and be permitted continually to behold his glory. And his name shall be in their foreheads - They shall be designated as his. See the notes on Rev_3:12; Rev_7:3; Rev_13:16.
Revelation 22:5 And they shall reign for ever and ever - What encouragement is this to the patience and faithfulness of the saints, that, whatever their sufferings are, they will work out for them "an eternal weight of glory!" Thus ends the doctrine of this Revelation, in the everlasting happiness of all the faithful. The mysterious ways of Providence are cleared up, and all things issue in an eternal Sabbath, an everlasting state of perfect peace and happiness, reserved for all who endure to the end.
Revelation 22:6 And he said to me - Here begins the conclusion of the book, exactly agreeing with the introduction, (particularly Rev_22:6-7, Rev_22:10, with Rev_1:1, Rev_1:3,) and giving light to the whole book, as this book does to the whole scripture. These sayings are faithful and true - All the things which you have heard and seen shall be faithfully accomplished in their order, and are infallibly true. The Lord, the God of the holy prophets - Who inspired and authorised them of old. Hath now sent me his angel, to show his servants - By thee. The things which must be done shortly - Which will begin to be performed immediately.
**Revelation 22:7 Behold, I come quickly - See the notes on Rev_1:3. The words used here are undoubtedly the words of the Redeemer, although they are apparently repeated by the angel. The meaning is, that they were used by the angel as the words of the Redeemer. See Rev_22:12, Rev_22:20. Blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book - That receives them as a divine communication; that makes use of them to comfort himself in the days of darkness, persecution, and trial; and that is obedient to the precepts here enjoined. See the notes on Rev_1:3.
***Revelation 22:8 I fell down to worship - I prostrated myself before him as before a superior being, to express my gratitude, and give him thanks for the communications he had made. See on Rev_19:10 (note).
Revelation 22:9 See thou do it not - The expression in the original is short and elliptical, as is usual in showing vehement aversion.
***Revelation 22:10 Seal not the sayings - Do not lay them up for future generations; they concern the present times; they must shortly come to pass, for the time is at hand. See above, Rev_22:6. What concerned the Jews was certainly at hand.
***Revelation 22:11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still - The time of fulfillment will come so suddenly that there will be but little space for repentance and amendment. What is done must be done instantly; and let him that is holy persevere, and hold fast what he has received.
*Revelation 22:12 And, behold, I come quickly,..... This is repeated, to confirm the truth of Christ's second coming, and the speediness of it, and to point at the time when the above shall be, and to add what follows.  And my reward is with me: which words are taken out of Isa_40:10 and which being compared together, furnish out a clear proof of Christ being the true Jehovah, the eternal God. There is a reward of debt, or a due reward, a reward of punishment, which is the just recompense of reward, which, shall be righteously given to wicked men for their sin, Heb_2:2 and there is a reward of grace, which is also called the recompence of reward, the reward of the inheritance, which is no other than the gift of eternal life, which God of his free grace bestows upon his people, Heb_11:26 and both these are with Christ; they are in his hands, he has authority from God, as Mediator, to inflict vengeance on the wicked, and to give eternal life to his people; both which he will do, for this is with him: to give every man according as his work shall be; if his work is evil, and he is an unjust and filthy man, and the course of his conversation has been vicious, the reward of debt, or just punishment, will be rendered to him; but if his work is the fruit of grace, and he has had his conversation in the world by the grace of God, and he is a righteous person, justified by the righteousness of Christ, and a holy, good man, sanctified by the Spirit of God, the reward of grace, the crown of righteousness, will be given to him.
Revelation 22:13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last - Who exist from everlasting to everlasting. How clear, incontestable a proof, does our Lord here give of his divine glory!
Revelation 22:14 Happy are they that do his commandments - His, who saith, I come - He speaks of himself. That they may have right - Through his gracious covenant. To the tree of life - To all the blessings signified by it. When Adam broke his commandment, he was driven from the tree of life. They who keep his commandments" shall eat thereof.
Revelation 22:15 Without are dogs - The sentence in the original is abrupt, as expressing abhorrence. The gates are ever open; but not for dogs; fierce and rapacious men.
***Revelation 22:16 I Jesus - The Maker, the Redeemer, and Judge of all men. Have sent mine angel - An especial messenger from heaven. I am the root and the offspring of David - Christ is the root of David as to his Divine nature; for from that all the human race sprang, for he is the Creator of all things, and without him was nothing made which is made. And he is the offspring of David as to his human nature; for that he took of the stock of David, becoming thereby heir to the Jewish throne, and the only heir which then existed; and it is remarkable that the whole regal family terminated in Christ: and as He liveth for ever, he is the alone true David and everlasting King. The bright and morning star - I am splendor and glory to my kingdom; as the morning star ushers in the sun, so shall I usher in the unclouded and eternal glories of the everlasting kingdom.
Revelation 22:17 The Spirit and the bride - The Spirit of adoption in the bride, in the heart of every true believer. Say - With earnest desire and expectation. Come - And accomplish all the words of this prophecy. And let him that thirsteth, come - Here they also who are farther off are invited. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life - He may partake of my spiritual and unspeakable blessings, as freely as he makes use of the most common refreshments; as freely as he drinks of the running stream.
***Revelation 22:18 If any man shall add - Shall give any other meaning to these prophecies, or any other application of them than God intends, he, though not originally intended, shall have the plagues threatened in this book for his portion.
***Revelation 22:19 If any man shall take away - If any man shall lessen this meaning, curtail the sense, explain away the spirit and design, of these prophecies, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, etc. Thus Jesus Christ warns all those who consider this book to beware of indulging their own conjectures concerning it. I confess that this warning has its own powerful influence upon my mind, and has prevented me from indulging my own conjectures concerning its meaning, or of adopting the conjectures of others. These visions and threatenings are too delicate and awful a subject to trifle with, or even to treat in the most solemn manner, where the meaning is obscure. I must leave these things to time and event, the surest interpreters. No jot or tittle of Christ’s word shall fall to the ground; all shall have its fulfillment in due time. This is termed a revelation, but it is a revelation of symbols; an exhibition of enigmas, to which no particular solution is given, and to which God alone can give the solution.
***Revelation 22:20 Surely I come quickly - This may be truly said to every person in every age; Jesus the Judge is at the door! Even so, come, Lord Jesus - The wish and desire of the suffering Church, and of all the followers of God, who are longing for the coming of his kingdom.
**Revelation 22:21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen - The usual benediction of the sacred writers. See the notes on Rom_16:20.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, August 31, 2016

Revelation 21:1-27

Revelation 21:1-27

1. Verses 1-8 What will become of the first Heaven and the first earth? (1) Why?

What did John see coming down to the renewed earth? (2) What does this mean?

What will God do for His people for all the former things are passed away in this verse? (4) What do you think about that?

What did God say to John and what will He give unto them that is athirst of the fountain of water? (6) What does this mean?

What did God promise to the ones that shall overcome in this verse? (7)

Who will not have a home in Heaven and they will be cast into the lake of fire? (8) What do you think about that?

2. Verses 9-21 What angel showed John the bride? (9)  What does that mean?

When John was carried away in the Spirit to a great mountain, what great city did he see? (10)

Whose names were written on the twelve gates of the wall of that city? (12)

Whose names were written on the twelve foundations of the wall in this verse? (14)

What is the size and just how big is Heaven in verse sixteen of the book of Revelations? (16)

What is the height of the walls that are in Heaven in verse seventeen of the book of Revelations? (17)

How many foundations are there in Heaven and name each of these by name? (19-20)

How many gates are in Heaven and what are these gates made of in this verse? (21) What do you think about that?

What is the street made of in this city and how is the street described in this verse also? (21) What do you think about that?

3. Verses 22-27 Why is there no need of a temple in this holy city in verse twenty-two? (22) What does this mean? What do you think about that?

If there is no need of sun or moon, what kind of light will there be in Heaven? (23)

What will not be allowed in it? (26-27) Why?

Discussion Questions
1. What does it mean to have something new?
2. Why does God make everything new?

Revelation 21:1 And I saw - So it runs, Rev_19:11, Rev_20:1, Rev_20:4, Rev_20:11, in a succession. All these several representations follow one another in order: so the vision reaches into eternity. A new heaven and a new earth - After the resurrection and general judgment. St. John is not now describing a flourishing state of the church, but a new and eternal state of all things. For the first heaven and the first earth - Not only the lowest part of heaven, not only the solar system, but the whole ethereal heaven, with all its host, whether of planets or fixed stars, Isa_34:4; Mat_24:29. All the former things will be done away, that all may become new, Rev_20:4-5, 2Pe_3:10, 2Pe_3:12. Are passed away - But in the fourth verse it is said, "are gone away." There the stronger word is used; for death, mourning, and sorrow go away all together: the former heaven and earth only pass away, giving place to the new heaven and the new earth.
***Revelation 21:2 And I John - The writer of this book; whether the evangelist and apostle, or John the Ephesian presbyter, has been long doubted in the Church. New Jerusalem - See the notes on Gal_4:24-27 (note). This doubtless means the Christian Church in a state of great prosperity and purity; but some think eternal blessedness is intended. Coming down from God - It is a maxim of the ancient Jews that both the tabernacle, and the temple, and Jerusalem itself, came down from heaven. And in Midrash Hanaalem, Sohar Gen. fol. 69, col. 271, Rab. Jeremias said, “The holy blessed God shall renew the world, and build Jerusalem, and shall cause it to descend from heaven.” Their opinion is, that there is a spiritual temple, a spiritual tabernacle, and a spiritual Jerusalem; and that none of these can be destroyed, because they subsist in their spiritual representatives. See Schoettgen.
***Revelation 21:3 The tabernacle of God is with men - God, in the most especial manner, dwells among his followers, diffusing his light and life everywhere.
Revelation 21:4 And death shall be no more - This is a full proof that this whole description belongs not to time, but eternity. Neither shall sorrow, or crying, or pain, be any more: for the former things are gone away - Under the former heaven, and upon the former earth, there was death and sorrow, crying and pain; all which occasioned many tears: but now pain and sorrow are fled away, and the saints have everlasting life and joy.
***Revelation 21:5 Behold, I make all things new - As the creation of the world at the beginning was the work of God alone, so this new creation. These words are true and faithful - Truth refers to the promise of these changes; faithfulness, to the fulfillment of these promises.
Revelation 21:6 And he - That sat upon the throne. Said to me, It is done - All that the prophets had spoken; all that was spoken, Rev_4:1. We read this expression twice in this prophecy: first, Rev_16:17, at the fulfilling of the wrath of God; and here, at the making all things new. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end - The latter explains the former: the Everlasting. I will give to him that thirsteth - The Lamb saith the same, Rev_22:17.
***Revelation 21:7 Inherit all things - Here he had no inheritance; there he shall inherit the kingdom of heaven, and be with God and Christ, and have every possible degree of blessedness.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful and unbelieving - Who, through want of courage and faith, do not overcome. And abominable - That is, sodomites. And whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters - These three sins generally went together; their part is in the lake.
***Revelation 21:9 The bride, the Lamb’s wife - The pure and holy Christian Church.
**Revelation 21:10 And he carried me away in the spirit - Gave him a vision of the city; seemed to place him where he could have a clear view of it as it came down from heaven. See the notes on Rev_1:10. To a great and high mountain - The elevation, and the unobstructed range of view, gave him an opportunity to behold it in its glory. And showed me that great city, ... - As it descended from heaven. See the notes on Rev_21:2.
Revelation 21:11 Having the glory of God - For her light, Rev_21:23, Isa_40:1-2, Zec_2:5. Her window - There was only one, which ran all round the city. The light did not come in from without through this for the glory of God is within the city. But it shines out from within to a great distance, Rev_21:23-24.
Revelation 21:12 Twelve angels - Still waiting upon the heirs of salvation.
***Revelation 21:13 On the east three gates - The city is here represented as standing to the four cardinal points of heaven, and presenting one side to each of these points.
***Revelation 21:14 The wall - had twelve foundations - Probably twelve stones, one of which served for a foundation or threshold to each gate; and on these were inscribed the names of the twelve apostles, to intimate that it was by the doctrine of the apostles that souls enter into the Church, and thence into the New Jerusalem.
***Revelation 21:15 Had a golden reed - Several excellent MSS. add μετρον, a measure; he had a measuring rod made of gold. This account of measuring the city seems to be copied, with variations, from Eze_40:3, etc.
***Revelation 21:16 The city lieth foursquare - Each side was equal, consequently the length and breadth were equal; and its height is here said to be equal to its length. It is hard to say how this should be understood. It cannot mean the height of the buildings, nor of the walls, for neither houses nor walls could be twelve thousand furlongs in height; some think this means the distance from the plain country to the place where the city stood. But what need is there of attempting to determine such measures in such a visionary representation? The quadrangular form intimates its perfection and stability, for the square figure was a figure of perfection among the Greeks; αντρ τετραγωνος, the square or cubical man, was, with them, a man of unsullied integrity, perfect in all things.
*Revelation 21:17 And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits,.... The root of which is twelve, for twelve times twelve is a hundred and forty four; which number is mystical and apostolical, and suited to the perfect state of this church: hence twelve gates, and twelve angels at them, and the names of the twelve tribes on them, and twelve foundations of the wall, and twelve thousand furlongs, the measure of the city. According to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel; who talked with John, and measured the city, gates, and wall, and who appeared in the form of a man; and his reed might be, as some have supposed, the length of a man, six cubits, or six feet, as in Eze_40:5 and may denote that this business requires the utmost wisdom and understanding of a man, and even of an angel, to look into, and find out; see  Rev_13:18 and also may signify the angelic state of the saints at this time, when the children of the resurrection will be like the angels of God, for immortality and glory.
Revelation 21:18 And the building of the wall was jasper - That is, the wall was built of jasper. And the city - The houses, was of pure gold.
**Revelation 21:22 And I saw no temple therein - No structure reared expressly for the worship of God; no particular place where he was adored. It was all temple - nothing but a temple. It was not like Jerusalem, where there was but one house reared expressly for divine worship, and to which the inhabitants repaired to praise God; it was all one great temple reared in honor of his name, and where worship ascended from every part of it. With this explanation, this passage harmonizes with what is said in Rev_2:12; Rev_7:15. For the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it - They are present in all parts of it in their glory; they fill it with light; and the splendor of their presence may be said to be the temple. The idea here is, that it would be a holy world - all holy. No particular portion would be set apart for purposes of public worship, but in all places God would be adored, and every portion of it devoted to the purposes of religion.
Revelation 21:23 The glory of God - Infinitely brighter than the shining of the sun.
***Revelation 21:24 The nations of them which are saved - This is an illusion to the promise that the Gentiles should bring their riches, glory, and excellence, to the temple at Jerusalem, after it should be rebuilt. See Rev_21:26.
***Revelation 21:25 The gates of it shall not be shut at all - The Christian Church shall ever stand open to receive sinners of all sorts, degrees, and nations. There shall be no night there - No more idolatry, no intellectual darkness; the Scriptures shall be everywhere read, the pure word everywhere preached, and the Spirit of God shall shine and work in every heart.
Revelation 21:26 And they shall bring the glory of the nations into it - It seems, a select part of each nation; that is, all which can contribute to make this city honourable and glorious shall be found in it; as if all that was rich and precious throughout the world was brought into one city.
Revelation 21:27 Common - That is. unholy. But those who are written in the Lamb's book of life - True, holy, persevering believers. This blessedness is enjoyed by those only; and, as such, they are registered among them who are to inherit eternal life.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Revelation 20:1-5

Revelation 20:1-15

1. Verses 1-3 What did the angel with the key to the bottomless pit do? (1-3)

Where will that old Devil be bound and cast into in verse three of the book of Revelations? (3)

For how long will Satan be cast into the bottomless pit in this verse? (3) What does this mean?

2. Verses 4-6 Who besides Jesus Christ will judgment be given to in verse four of the book of Revelations? (4)

What do you think about that?

Who will live and reign with Christ for a thousand years? (4,6) How?

When will the rest of the dead live again? (5) Why?

3. Verses 7-10 What will Satan do after the thousand years are expired? (7-9)
What does this mean?

How long will the Devil be cast into the lake of fire and brimstone? (10)
What do you think about that?

4. Verses 11-15 What will come into view after the destruction of Satan’s last forces? (11)

How are those appearing before this throne designated in verse twelve? (12)

From what will the dead be judged out of in this verse? (12) What do you think about that?

If one’s name is not found in the book of life, regardless of the degree of his good deeds, what will be the result? (15)

What  do you think about that?

Discussion Questions
1. Why is the enemy cast into the lake of fire?
2. Why are the lost cast into the lake of fire?
3. What does it mean to have a rebellion crushed?

***Revelation 20:1 An angel came down from heaven - One of the executors of the Divine justice, who receives criminals, and keeps them in prison, and delivers them up only to be tried and executed. The key of the prison and the chain show who he is; and as the chain was great, it shows that the culprit was impeached of no ordinary crimes.
***Revelation 20:2 The dragon - See the notes on Rev_12:9. That old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan - He who is called the old serpent is the Devil - the calumniator, and Satan - the opposer. He who supposes that the term old serpent here plainly proves that the creature that tempted our first parents was actually a snake, must enjoy his opinion; and those who can receive such a saying, why let them receive it. Selah. A thousand years - In what this binding of Satan consists, who can tell? How many visions have been seen on this subject both in ancient and modern times! This, and what is said Rev_20:3-5, no doubt refers to a time in which the influence of Satan will be greatly restrained, and the true Church of God enjoy great prosperity, which shall endure for a long time. But it is not likely that the number, a thousand years, is to be taken literally here, and year symbolically and figuratively in all the book beside. The doctrine of the millennium, or of the saints reigning on earth a thousand years, with Christ for their head, has been illustrated and defended by many Christian writers, both among the ancients and moderns. Were I to give a collection of the conceits of the primitive fathers on this subject, my readers would have little reason to applaud my pains. It has long been the idle expectation of many persons that the millennium, in their sense, was at hand; and its commencement has been expected in every century since the Christian era. It has been fixed for several different years, during the short period of my own life! I believed those predictions to be vain, and I have lived to see them such. Yet there is no doubt that the earth is in a state of progressive moral improvement; and that the light of true religion is shining more copiously everywhere, and will shine more and more to the perfect day. But when the religion of Christ will be at its meridian of light and heat, we know not. In each believer this may speedily take place; but probably no such time shall ever appear, in which evil shall be wholly banished from the earth, till after the day of judgment, when the earth having been burnt up, a new heaven and a new earth shall be produced out of the ruins of the old, by the mighty power of God: righteousness alone shall dwell in them. The phraseology of the apostle here seems partly taken from the ancient prophets, and partly rabbinical; and it is from the Jewish use of those terms that we are to look for their interpretation.
***Revelation 20:3 He should deceive the nations no more - Be unable to blind men with superstition and idolatry as he had formerly done.
***Revelation 20:5 The rest of the dead lived not again - It is generally supposed from these passages that all who have been martyred for the truth of God shall be raised a thousand years before the other dead, and reign on earth with Christ during that time, after which the dead in general shall be raised; but this also is very doubtful.
Revelation 20:6 They shall be priests of God and of Christ - Therefore Christ is God. And shall reign with him - With Christ, a thousand years.
**Revelation 20:7 And when the thousand years are expired - See Rev_20:2. Satan shall be loosed out of his prison - See Rev_20:3. That is, a state of things will then occur as if Satan should be for a time let loose again, and should be permitted to go as formerly over the world. No intimation is given “why or how” he would be thus released from his prison. We are not, however, to infer that it would be a mere arbitrary act on the part of God. All that is necessary to be supposed is, that there would be, in certain parts of the world, a temporary outbreak of wickedness, as if Satan were for a time released from his chains.
Revelation 20:8 And shall go forth to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth - (That is, in all the earth) - the more diligently, as he hath been so long restrained, and knoweth he hath but a small time. Gog and Magog - Magog, the second son of Japhet, is the father of the innumerable northern nations toward the east. The prince of these nations, of which the bulk of that army will consist, is termed Gog by Ezekiel also, Eze_38:2. Both Gog and Magog signify high or lifted up; a name well suiting both the prince and people. When that fierce leader of many nations shall appear, then will his own name be known. To gather them - Both Gog and his armies. Of Gog, little more is said, as being soon mingled with the rest in the common slaughter. The Revelation speaks of this the more briefly, because it had been so particularly described by Ezekiel. Whose number is as the sand of the sea - Immensely numerous: a proverbial expression.
*Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them,.... Both before death, in the present life, by tempting and drawing them into immorality and profaneness, or idolatry, superstition, and will worship, or persecution of the saints; and after their resurrection, by instigating them to make this foolish attempt upon the saints of the most High:  was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone; the same with the everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels; this will be his full torment, in which he is not as yet; and this will not be until the judgment is finished hereafter described; though it is here mentioned to issue the account of Satan at once, and to show what will be his final state and condition:  where the beast and false prophet are; Rev_19:20 who for so many years have been companions in wickedness together; the beast being the first beast that received his power, seat, and authority from the dragon, or devil; the false prophet being the second beast, or antichrist in his ecclesiastical capacity, as the beast is antichrist in his civil power, whose coming is after the working of Satan, with signs and lying wonders: and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever; that is, not only the devil, but the beast and false prophet, for the word is in the plural number: and this will be the case of all wicked men, of all whose minds are enmity to God and Christ, and to his people; and is a proof of the eternity of hell torments.
Revelation 20:12 And I saw the dead, great and small - Of every age and condition. This includes, also, those who undergo a change equivalent to death, 1Co_15:51. And the books - Human judges have their books written with pen and ink: how different is the nature of these books! Were opened - O how many hidden things will then come to light; and how many will have quite another appearance than they had before in the sight of men! With the book of God's omniscience, that of conscience will then exactly tally. The book of natural law, as well as of revealed, will then also be displayed. It is not said, The books will be read: the light of that day will make them visible to all. Then, particularly, shall every man know himself, and that with the last exactness This will be the first true, full, impartial, universal history. And another book - Wherein are enrolled all that are accepted through the Beloved; all who lived and died in the faith that worketh by love. Which is the book of life, was opened - What manner of expectation will then be, with regard to the issue of the whole! Mal_3:16, &c.
Revelation 20:13 Death and hades gave up the dead that were in them - Death gave up all the bodies of men; and hades, the receptacle of separate souls, gave them up, to be re - united to their bodies.
Revelation 20:14 And death and hades were cast into the lake of fire - That is, were abolished for ever; for neither the righteous nor the wicked were to die any more: their souls and bodies were no more to be separated. Consequently, neither death nor hades could any more have a being.
***Revelation 20:15 Written in the book of life - Only those who had continued faithful unto death were taken to heaven. All whose names were not found in the public registers, who either were not citizens, or whose names had been erased from those registers because of crimes against the state, could claim none of those emoluments or privileges which belong to the citizens; so those who either did not belong to the new and spiritual Jerusalem, or who had forfeited their rights and privileges by sin, and had died in that state, were cast into the lake of fire. This is the way in which God, at the day of judgment, will proceed with sinners and apostates. Reader, see that thy name be written in the sacred register; and  if written in, see that it never be blotted out.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Revelation 19:1-21

Revelation 19:1-21

1. Verses 1-10 How many times was the word “Alleluia” mentioned in verses one through six? (1-6)

What does the word “Alleluia” Mean? Why were the people saying this?

What three reasons are given for rejoicing in Heaven in these verses? (2), (6-7) What do you think about that?

What will the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures say? (4) Who were they?

Where does the voice come from that calls for praise, because of the marriage of the Lamb are come? (5)

What does this mean? How does this coincide with Heaven closing in Chapter 15 Verse 8?

Why else will they rejoice? (7-8)

How are the wedding guest’s dresses in this verse eight of the book of Revelations? (8) Why?

Who is blessed? (9) What does this mean?

Who did John attempt to worship? (10) What do you think about that?

What is the real Spirit of Prophecy in this verse ten of the book of Revelations? (10)

2. Verses 11-16 What immediately follows the marriage supper of the Lamb in verse eleven? (11)

What did He who sat on the white horse look like and what written? (12-13) Who could understand the name? Why?

How will the Lamb rule the all nations in this verse fifteen of the book of Revelations? (15)  What does that mean?

What name was written on the Lamb’s vesture? (16)

3. Verses 17-21 What did the angel say to the fowls? (17-18,21)

Who gathered to make war against the one that sat on the horse? (19)

What happened to the beast and the false prophet in verse twenty of the book of Revelations? (20)

Discussion Questions
1. Who is invited to the wedding feast of the Lamb?
2. How does God defeat the beast?

Revelation 19:1 I heard a loud voice of a great multitude - Whose blood the great whore had shed. Saying, Hallelujah - This Hebrew word signifies, Praise ye Jah, or Him that is. God named himself to Moses, EHEIEH, that is, I will be, Exo_3:14; and at the same time, "Jehovah," that is, "He that is, and was, and is to come:" during the trumpet of the seventh angel, he is styled, "He that is and was," Rev_16:5; and not "He that is to come;" because his long - expected coming is under this trumpet actually present. At length he is styled, "Jah," "He that is;" the past together with the future being swallowed up in the present, the former things being no more mentioned, for the greatness of those that now are. This title is of all others the most peculiar to the everlasting God. The salvation - Is opposed to the destruction which the great whore had brought upon the earth. His power and glory - Appear from the judgment executed on her, and from the setting up his kingdom to endure through all ages.
***Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous - His judgments displayed in supporting his followers, and punishing his enemies, are true - according to his predictions; and righteous, being all according to infinite justice and equity.
**Revelation 19:3 And again they said, Alleluia - See the notes on Rev_19:1. The event was so glorious and so important; the final destruction of the great enemy of the church was of so much moment in its bearing on the welfare of the world, as to call forth repeated expressions of praise. And her smoke rose up forever and ever - See the notes on Rev_14:11. This is an image of final ruin; the image being derived probably from the description in Genesis of the smoke that ascended from the cities of the plain, Gen_19:28. On the joy expressed here in her destruction, compare the notes on Rev_18:20.
***Revelation 19:4 The four and twenty elders - The true Church of the Lord Jesus converted from among the Jews. See Rev_4:10; Rev_5:14.
***Revelation 19:5 Praise our God, etc. - Let all, whether redeemed from among Jews or Gentiles, give glory to God.
Revelation 19:6 And I heard the voice of a great multitude. So all his servants did praise him. The Almighty reigneth - More eminently and gloriously than ever before.
***Revelation 19:7 The marriage of the Lamb is come - The meaning of these figurative expressions appears to be this: After this overthrow of idolatry and superstition, and the discomfiture of antichrist, there will be a more glorious state of Christianity than ever was before.
Revelation 19:8 And it is given to her - By God. The bride is all holy men, the whole invisible church. To be arrayed in fine linen, white and clean - This is an emblem of the righteousness of the saints - Both of their justification and sanctification.
Revelation 19:9 And he - The angel, saith to me, Write - St. John seems to have been so amazed at these glorious sights, that he needeth to be reminded of this. Happy are they who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb - Called to glory. And he saith - After a little pause.
Revelation 19:10 And I fell before his feet to worship him - It seems, mistaking him for the angel of the covenant. But he saith, See thou do it not - In the original, it is only, See not, with a beautiful abruptness. To pray to or worship the highest creature is flat idolatry. I am thy fellowservant and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus - I am now employed as your fellowservant, to testify of the Lord Jesus, by the same Spirit which inspired the prophets of old.
***Revelation 19:11 A white horse - This is an exhibition of the triumph of Christ after the destruction of his enemies. The white horse is the emblem of this, and Faithful and True are characters of Christ. See Rev_3:14. In righteousness he doth judge and make war - The wars which he wages are from no principle of ambition, lust of power, or extension of conquest and dominion; they are righteous in their principle and in their object. And this is perhaps what no earthly potentate could ever say.
Revelation 19:12 And his eyes are a flame of fire - They were said to be as or like a flame of fire, before, Rev_1:14; an emblem of his omniscience. And upon his head are many diadems - For he is king of all nations. And he hath a name written, which none knoweth but himself - As God he is incomprehensible to every creature.
Revelation 19:13 And he is clothed in a vesture dipped in blood - The blood of the enemies he hath already conquered. Isa_63:1, &c
***Revelation 19:14 The armies which were in heaven - Angels and saints over whom Jesus Christ is Captain, Clothed in fine linen - All holy, pure, and righteous.
***Revelation 19:15 Out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword - See on Rev_1:16 (note). This appears to mean the word of the Gospel, by which his enemies are confounded, and his friends supported and comforted.
With a rod of iron - He shall execute the severest judgment on the opposers of his truth. He treaded the winepress - As the grapes are trodden to express the juice, so his enemies shall be bruised and beaten, so that their life’s blood shall be poured out.
Revelation 19:16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh - That is, on the part of his vesture which is upon his thigh. A name written - It was usual of old, for great personages in the eastern countries, to have magnificent titles affixed to their garments.
Revelation 19:17 Gather yourselves together to the great supper of God - As to a great feast, which the vengeance of God will soon provide; a strongly figurative expression, (taken from Eze_39:17,) denoting the vastness of the ensuing slaughter.
***Revelation 19:18 That ye may eat the flesh of kings - There shall be a universal destruction; the kings, generals, captains, and all their host, shall be slain.
**Revelation 19:19 And I saw the beast - notes on Rev_13:1, Rev_13:11. Compare Rev_17:13. And the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together - There is allusion here to the same assembling of hostile forces which is described in Rev_16:13-14, for the great decisive battle that is to determine the destiny of the world - the question whether the Messiah or antichrist shall reign. There can be no doubt that the writer in these passages designed to refer to the same events - the still future scenes that are to occur when the Roman, the pagan, and the Muhammedan powers shall be aroused to make common cause against the true religion, and shall stake all on the issue of the great conflict. See the notes on Rev_16:13-14.  Against him that sat on the horse - The Messiah - the Son of God. notes on Rev_19:11. And against his army - The hosts that are associated with him - his redeemed people. See the notes on Rev_19:14.
***Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and - the false prophet - See the notes on Rev_17:8, etc. That worshipped his image - The beast has been represented as the Latin empire; the image of the beast, the popes of Rome; and the false prophet, the papal clergy. Were cast alive into a lake of fire - Were discomfited when alive - in the zenith of their power, and destroyed with an utter destruction.
Revelation 19:21 Here is a most magnificent description of the overthrow of the beast and his adherents. It has, in particular, one exquisite beauty; that, after exhibiting the two opposite armies, and all the apparatus for a battle, Rev_19:11-19; then follows immediately, Rev_19:20, the account of the victory, without one word of an engagement or fighting. Here is the most exact propriety; for what struggle can there be between omnipotence, and the power of all the creation united against it! Every description must have fallen short of this admirable silence.

* Gills Commentaries    ** Barnes Commentaries    *** Clarke's Commentaries    
All others by Wesley 

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Revelation 18:1-24

Revelation 18:1-24

1. Verses 1-8 How does the Angel describe her, after announcing the fall of Babylon the Great? (2)

What three groups are named as guilty of her sins in verse three of the book of Revelations? (3)

What does this mean?

Who will be commanded to come out of Babylon before destruction falls on her? (4-5) Why?

Who does judge her in righteousness in the verses of the book of Revelations? (6-8)

How fast will the judgment come upon Babylon? (8,10) What does this mean?

2. Verses 9-20 What will the kings of the earth do when they see her burning? (9-10)

What does this mean?

Why will the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her for in these verses? (11-14)

What do you think about that?

How fast will the great riches come to nothing? (17,19) Why?

What will the shipmasters and sailors do? (17-19) Why?

Does Heaven rejoice over the fall of Babylon in the verse of the book of Revelations? (20)

What do you think about that?

3. Verses 21-24 What does the Mighty Angel do with the stone that is like a great millstone? (21)

What will the mighty angel who threw the stone into the sea say? (21-24)

Why did the angle say these things? What do you think about that?

Discussion Questions

1. What is doomed to fall?

2. What will happen to the modern world if our Babylon were to fall?

3. How do we prevent relying on the world?

**Revelation 18:1 And after these things - After the vision referred to in the previous chapter.I saw another angel come down from heaven - Different from the one that had last appeared, and therefore coming to make a new communication to him. It is not unusual in this book that different communications should be entrusted to different angels. Compare Rev_14:6, Rev_14:8-9, Rev_14:15, Rev_14:17-18. Having great power - That is, he was one of the higher rank or order of angels.And the earth was lightened with his glory - The usual representation respecting the heavenly beings. Compare Exo_24:16; Mat_17:2; Luk_2:9; Act_9:3. This would, of course, add greatly to the magnificence of the scene.
***Revelation 18:2 Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen - This is a quotation from Isa_21:9 : And he said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground. This is applied by some to Rome pagan; by others to Rome papal; and by others to Jerusalem. Is become - the hold of every foul spirit - See the parallel passages in the margin. The figures here point out the most complete destruction. A city utterly sacked and ruined, never to be rebuilt.
***Revelation 18:3 The wine of the wrath - The punishment due to her transgressions, because they have partaken with her in her sins. See the note on Rev_14:8.
Revelation 18:4 And I heard another voice - Of Christ, whose people, secretly scattered even there, are warned of her approaching destruction. That ye be not partakers of her sins - That is, of the fruits of them. What a remarkable providence it was that the Revelation was printed in the midst of Spain, in the great Polyglot Bible, before the Reformation! Else how much easier had it been for the Papists to reject the whole book, than it is to evade these striking parts of it.
***Revelation 18:5 Her sins have reached unto heaven - They are become so great and enormous that the long-suffering of God must give place to his justice.
Revelation 18:6 Reward her - This God speaks to the executioners of his vengeance. Even as she hath rewarded - Others; in particular, the saints of God. And give her double - This, according to the Hebrew idiom, implies only a full retaliation.
***Revelation 18:7 How much she hath glorified herself - By every act of transgression and sinful pampering of the body she has been preparing for herself a suitable and proportionate punishment.
***Revelation 18:8 Therefore shall her plagues come - Death, by the sword of her adversaries; mourning on account of the slaughter; and famine, the fruits of the field being destroyed by the hostile bands. Utterly burned with fire - Of what city is this spoken? Rome pagan has never been thus treated; Alaric and Totilas burnt only some parts with fire. Rome papal has not been thus treated; but this is true of Jerusalem, and yet Jerusalem is not generally thought to be intended.
*Revelation 18:9 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication,.... Idolatry, Rev_17:2 and lived deliciously with her; Rev_18:3 joining with her in her sensual, as well as in her idolatrous practices: shall bewail her, and lament for her: shall mourn inwardly, and by various gestures outwardly express their sorrow at her desolation; see Eze_27:30 these will not be the ten kings who will burn the whore with fire, and then repent of what they have done, and weep over her, as Titus did at the destruction of Jerusalem, as some Popish writers have fancied, for they will hate the whore, and eat her flesh; but earthly and idolatrous kings, who will be in the communion of the church of Rome: when they shall see the smoke of her burning: as Abraham saw the smoke of Sodom and Gomorrah go up like the smoke of a furnace; by which they will perceive that her judgment is come, and her ruin begun.
***Revelation 18:10 Standing afar off - Beholding her desolations with wonder and astonishment, utterly unable to afford her any kind of assistance.
**Revelation 18:11 And the merchants of the earth - Who have been accustomed to traffic with her, and who have been enriched by the traffic. The image is that of a rich and splendid city. Of course, such a city depends much on its merchandise; and when it declines and falls, many who had been accustomed to deal with it, as merchants or traffickers, are affected by it, and have occasion to lament its fall. Shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise anymore - The merchandise which they were accustomed to take to the city, and by the sale of which they lived. The enumeration of the articles of merchandise which follows, seems to have been inserted for the purpose of filling out the representation of what is usually found in such a city, and to show the desolation which would occur when this traffic was suspended.
Revelation 18:12 Merchandise of gold, &c. - Almost all these are still in use at Rome, both in their idolatrous service, and in common life. Fine linen - The sort of it mentioned in the original is exceeding costly. Thyine wood - A sweet - smelling wood not unlike citron, used in adorning magnificent palaces. Vessels of most precious wood - Ebony, in particular, which is often mentioned with ivory: the one excelling in whiteness, the other in blackness; and both in uncommon smoothness.
Revelation 18:13 Amomum - A shrub whose wood is a fine perfume. And beasts - Cows and oxen. And of chariots - a purely Latin word is here inserted in the Greek. This St. John undoubtedly used on purpose, in describing the luxury of Rome. And of bodies - A common term for slaves. And souls of men - For these also are continually bought and sold at Rome. And this of all others is the most gainful merchandise to the Roman traffickers.
***Revelation 18:14 And the fruits that thy soul lusted after - και ἡ οπωρα της επιθυμιας της ψυχης σου. As οπωρα signifies autumn, any and all kinds of autumnal fruits may be signified by the word in the above clause. Dainty and goodly - Τα λιπαρα· Delicacies for the table. Τα λαμπρα, what is splendid and costly in apparel.
**Revelation 18:16 And saying, alas, alas! that great city,..... Using the same words the kings of the earth do, Rev_18:10 only adding, suitable to their characters as merchants, and the things they traded in with her, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls; See Gill on Rev_18:12, Rev_17:4, see also Eze_27:32.
**Revelation 18:18 And cried ... - That is, as they had a deep interest in it, they would, on their own account, as well as hers, lift up the voice of lamentation.What city is like unto this great city? - In her destruction. What calamity has ever come upon a city like this?
Revelation 18:19 And they cast dust on their heads - As mourners. Most of the expressions here used in describing the downfall of Babylon are taken from Ezekiel's description of the downfall of Tyre, Eze. 26:1-28:19.
Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven - That is, all the inhabitants of it; and more especially, ye saints; and among the saints still more eminently, ye apostles and prophets.
Revelation 18:21 And a mighty angel took up a stone, and threw it into the sea - By a like emblem Jeremiah fore - showed the fall of the Chaldean Babylon, Jer_51:63-64.
***Revelation 18:22 The voice of harpers, etc. - This seems to indicate not only a total destruction of influence, etc., but also of being. It seems as if this city was to be swallowed up by an earthquake, or burnt up by fire from heaven.
***Revelation 18:23 By thy sorceries - Political arts, state tricks, counterfeit miracles, and deceptive maneuvers of every kind. This may be spoken of many great cities of the world, which still continue to flourish!
*Revelation 18:24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints,.... Such as before mentioned, in Rev_18:20 this is another reason of her destruction, besides her luxury and idolatry, namely, her shedding the blood of the saints, with which she is said to be drunk, and therefore blood is now given her to drink, Rev_17:6 for she will now be found guilty of slaying the witnesses, who are meant by the prophets and saints, that have been from the beginning of the apostasy: and of all that were slain upon the earth: not only of those that have been slain in the city of Rome, but of all those that have been slain throughout the empire; they being slain by her order, or with her consent, and she conniving at it, encouraging it, and therefore will be justly chargeable with it all; see Mat_23:31 the Ethiopic version adds, "for the name of Christ".

* Gills Commentaries     ** Barnes Commentaries     *** Clarke's Commentaries     
All others by Wesley