I Corinthians 1:1-31
Whom did Paul address his letter to at Corinth? (2) Who were they?
2. Verses 4-9 The Corinthians had been enriched three ways by God and his Son. Name them? (4-5)
What does Paul say was confirmed in the Christians at Corinth? (6) What does this mean?
Paul wrote the Corinthians should be favored how in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ? (8)
Into whose fellowship had the Corinthians been called by God? (9)
3. Verses 10-17 Paul beseeched the brethren at by the name of our Lord for three things. Name them? (10)
What is being said in verse 10?
Who declared to Paul that there was contention in the church? (11) What do you think about that?
How many people did Paul baptize at Corinth? (14-17)
Paul wrote the Corinthians that Christ sent him not to baptize, but to do what? (17) What does this mean?
4. Verses 18-25 What is the preaching of the cross to those who are saved according to Paul? (18)
What is being said in verse 18? What do you think about that?
When Paul quoted Isaiah 29:14 to the Corinthians, what will be destroyed and brought to nothing? (19)
Why mention this? What do you think about that?
Paul wrote that it pleased God to save them that believe by what means? (21) Why is being said?
Who does Paul say that they require a sign and who seeks Wisdom? (22)
What is preached to the Jews and the Greeks in this verse? (23)
5. Verses 26-31 Paul stated that God had chosen the foolish things of the world to do what? (27)
What does this mean? What do you think about that?
What does Paul say should glory in God’s presence? (29) What does this mean?
Can you name four things that Christ is made unto Christians? (30) What is being said?
How should all Christians glory? (31)
1. What are your spiritual gifts?
2. How do we use what God has blessed us with?
3. How do we confront those in sin?
1 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, called to be an apostle - There is great propriety in every clause of the salutation, particularly in this, as there were some in the church of Corinth who called the authority of his mission in question. Through the will of God - Called "the commandment of God," 1Ti_1:1 This was to the churches the ground of his authority; to Paul himself, of an humble and ready mind. By the mention of God, the authority of man is excluded, Gal_1:1; by the mention of the will of God, the merit of Paul, 1Co_15:8, &c. And Sosthenes - A Corinthian, St. Paul's companion in travel. It was both humility and prudence in the apostle, thus to join his name with his own, in an epistle wherein he was to reprove so many irregularities. Sosthenes the brother - Probably this word is emphatical; as if he had said, Who, from a Jewish opposer of the gospel, became a faithful brother.
1 Corinthians 1:7 Waiting - With earnest desire. For the glorious revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ - A sure mark of a true or false Christian, to long for, or dread, this revelation.
1 Corinthians 1:9 God is faithful - To all his promises; and therefore "to him that hath shall be given." By whom ye are called - A pledge of his willingness to save you unto the uttermost.
1 Corinthians 1:13 Is Christ divided - Are not all the members still under one head? Was not he alone crucified for you all; and were ye not all baptized in his name? The glory of Christ then is not to be divided between him and his servants; neither is the unity of the body to be torn asunder, seeing Christ is one still.
**1 Corinthians 1:14 I thank God ... - Why Paul did not himself baptize, see in 1Co_1:17. To him it was now a subject of grateful reflection that he had not done it. He had not given any occasion for the suspicion that he had intended to set himself up as a leader of a sect or party. But Crispus - Crispus had been the chief ruler of the synagogue at Corinth; Act_18:8. And Gaius - Gaius resided at Corinth, and at his house Paul resided when he wrote the Epistle to the Romans; Rom_16:23. It is also possible that the Third Epistle of John was directed to this man; see 3Jo_1:1. And if so, then probably Diotrephes 3Jo_1:9, who is mentioned as one who loved “to have the pre-eminence,” had been one cause of the difficulties at Corinth. The other persons at Corinth had been probably baptized by Silas and Timothy.
**1 Corinthians 1:15 Lest any should say - Lest any of those who had been baptized should pervert his design, and say that Paul had baptized them unto himself; or, lest any others should, with any appearance of truth, say that he had sought to make disciples to himself. The Ethiopic version renders this, “that ye should not say we were baptized in his name.” Many of the ancient mss. read this, “test any should say that ‘ye were baptized’ into my name.” Mill.
1 Corinthians 1:17 For God did not send me to baptize - That was not my chief errand: those of inferior rank and abilities could do it: though all the apostles were sent to baptize also, Mat_28:19 But to preach the gospel - So the apostle slides into his general proposition: but not with wisdom of speech - With the artificial ornaments of discourse, invented by human wisdom. Lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect - The whole effect of St. Paul's preaching was owing to the power of God accompanying the plain declaration of that great truth, "Christ bore our sins upon the cross." But this effect might have been imputed to another cause, had he come with that wisdom of speech which they admired.
***1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross - Ὁ λογος γαρ ὁ του σταυρου, The doctrine of the cross; or the doctrine that is of or concerning the cross; that is, the doctrine that proclaims salvation to a lost world through the crucifixion of Christ. Is to them that perish foolishness - There are, properly speaking, but two classes of men known where the Gospel is preached: απολλυμενοι, the unbelievers and gainsayers, who are perishing; and σοζομενοι, the obedient believers, who are in a state of salvation. To those who will continue in the first state, the preaching of salvation through the merit of a crucified Savior is folly. To those who believe this doctrine of Christ crucified is the power of God to their salvation; it is divinely efficacious to deliver them from all the power, guilt, and pollution of sin.
1 Corinthians 1:19 For it is written - And the words are remarkably applicable to this great event. Isa_29:14
1 Corinthians 1:20 Where is the wise? &c. - The deliverance of Judea from Sennacherib is what Isaiah refers to in these words; in a bold and beautiful allusion to which, the apostle in the clause that follows triumphs over all the opposition of human wisdom to the victorious gospel of Christ. What could the wise men of the gentiles do against this? or the Jewish scribes? or the disputers of this world? - Those among both, who, proud of their acuteness, were fond of controversy, and thought they could confute all opponents. Hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world - That is, shown it to be very foolishness. Isa_33:18
1 Corinthians 1:21 For since in the wisdom of God - According to his wise disposals, leaving them to make the trial. The world - Whether Jewish or gentile, by all its boasted wisdom knew not God - Though the whole creation declared its Creator, and though he declared himself by all the prophets; it pleased God, by a way which those who perish count mere foolishness, to save them that believe.
1 Corinthians 1:22 For whereas the Jews demand of the apostles, as they did of their Lord, more signs still, after all they have seen already; and the Greeks, or gentiles, seek wisdom - The depths of philosophy, and the charms of eloquence.
1 Corinthians 1:23 We go on to preach, in a plain and historical, not rhetorical or philosophical, manner, Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumblingblock - Just opposite to the "signs" they demand. And to the Greeks foolishness - A silly tale, just opposite to the wisdom they seek.
1 Corinthians 1:25 Because the foolishness of God - The gospel scheme, which the world judge to be mere foolishness, is wiser than the wisdom of men; and, weak as they account it, stronger than all the strength of men.
1 Corinthians 1:28 Things that are not - The Jews frequently called the gentiles, "Them that are not," 2 Esdras vi. 56, 57. In so supreme contempt did they hold them. The things that are - In high esteem.
1 Corinthians 1:29 That no flesh - A fit appellation. Flesh is fair, but withering as grass. May glory before God - In God we ought to glory.
1 Corinthians 1:30 Of him - Out of his free grace and mercy. Are ye Engrafted into Christ Jesus, who is made unto us that believe wisdom, who were before utterly foolish and ignorant. Righteousness - The sole ground of our justification, who were before under the wrath and curse of God. Sanctification - A principle of universal holiness, whereas before we were altogether dead in sin. And redemption - That is, complete deliverance from all evil, and eternal bliss both of soul and body.
1 Corinthians 1:31 Let him glory in the Lord - Not in himself, not in the flesh, not in the world. Jer_9:23-24
* Gills Commentaries ** Barnes Commentaries *** Clarke's Commentaries
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