What does this mean?
Whom does Paul associate with him in his letter to Galatia? (2)
What did Jesus Christ give Himself for in this verse? (4)
Whose will is accomplished when we are delivered from this evil world? (4)
2. Verses 6-10 From what had the Galatians so soon be removed that caused Paul to marvel? (6)
Why marvel of this?
There is not another gospel but some of the Galatians would do what to the gospel of Christ? (7)
What does this mean? What are some examples of this today?
What does Paul say should happen to those that preach another gospel beside what he taught? (8-9)
What do you think about that?
When could Paul not be a servant of Christ? (10) What is he saying?
3. Verses 11-17 What would Paul be made known? (11) What is he saying?
Paul did not receive the gospel from man nor was he taught it. How did he receive it? (12)
Who persecuted the church beyond measure and wasted it? (13) Why mention this?
Who was zealous of the traditions of his fathers as a Jew? (14) What does this mean?
Who was called to preach the gospel among the heathen? (16)
Instead of going to Jerusalem immediately after his conversion, where did Paul go? (17)
4. Verses 18-24 How many years passed between Paul’s conversion and his first visit to Jerusalem?
Whose brother did Paul meet during his stay with Peter in Jerusalem? (19)
In what sense was Paul unknown by the churches in Judea? (22)
In what respect was Paul known of all people? (23)
When Christians heard Paul no longer persecuted the church but was a preacher, what did they do? (24)
1. What do you think about people pleasing in the church?
***Galatians 1:1 Paul, an apostle, not of men - Not commissioned by any assembly or council of the apostles. Neither by man - Nor by any one of the apostles; neither by James, who seems to have been president of the apostolic council at Jerusalem; nor by Peter, to whom, in a particular manner, the keys of the kingdom were intrusted. But by Jesus Christ - Having his mission immediately from Christ himself, and God the Father who raised him from the dead, see Act_22:14, Act_22:15, and commanded him to go both to the Jews and to the Gentiles, to open their eyes, to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they might obtain remission of sins, and an inheritance among them that are sanctified. See Act_9:1, etc., and the notes there.
Galatians 1:2 And all the brethren - Who agree with me in what I now write.
***Galatians 1:3 Grace be to you, etc. - See on Rom_1:7
Galatians 1:4 That he might deliver us from the present evil world - From the guilt, wickedness, and misery wherein it is involved, and from its vain and foolish customs and pleasures. According to the will of God - Without any merit of ours. St. Paul begins most of his epistles with thanksgiving; but, writing to the Galatians, he alters his style, and first sets down his main proposition, That by the merits of Christ alone, giving himself for our sins, we are justified: neither does he term them, as he does others, either saints," elect," or churches of God."
**Galatians 1:5 To whom be glory ... - Let Him have all the praise and honor of the plan and its execution. It is not uncommon for Paul to introduce an ascription of praise in the midst of an argument: see the note at Rom_1:25. It results from the strong desire which he had, that all the glory should be given to God, and showed that he believed that all blessings had their origin in God, and that God should be always acknowledged.
Galatians 1:6 I marvel that ye are removed so soon - After my leaving you. From him who called you by the grace of Christ - His gracious gospel, and his gracious power.
***Galatians 1:7 Which is not another - It is called a gospel, but it differs most essentially from the authentic narratives published by the evangelists. It is not gospel, i.e. good tidings, for it loads you again with the burdens from which the genuine Gospel has disencumbered you. Instead of giving you peace, it troubles you; instead of being a useful supplement to the Gospel of Christ, it perverts that Gospel. You have gained nothing but loss and damage by the change.
Galatians 1:8 But if we - I and all the apostles. Or an angel from heaven - If it were possible. Preach another gospel, let him be accursed - Cut off from Christ and God.
Galatians 1:9 As - He speaks upon mature deliberation; after pausing, it seems, between the two verses. We - I and the brethren who are with me. Have said before - Many times, in effect, if not in terms. So I say - All those brethren knew the truth of the gospel. St. Paul knew the Galatians had received the true gospel.
***Galatians 1:10 Do I now persuade men, or God? - The words πειθειν τον Θεον may be rendered to court or solicit the favor of God as the after clause sufficiently proves. This acceptation of πειθειν is very common in Greek authors. While the apostle was a persecutor of the Christians, he was the servant of men, and pleased men. When he embraced the Christian doctrine, he became the servant of God, and pleased Him. He therefore intimates that he was a widely different person now from what he had been while a Jew.
Galatians 1:11 But I certify you, brethren - He does not till now give them even this appellation. That the gospel which was preached by me among you is not according to man - Not from man, not by man, not suited to the taste of man.
***Galatians 1:12 I neither received it of man - By means of any apostle, as was remarked Gal_1:1. No man taught me what I have preached to you. But by the revelation of Jesus Christ - Being commissioned by himself alone; receiving the knowledge of it from Christ crucified.
Galatians 1:13 I Persecuted the church of God - That is, the believers in Christ.
Galatians 1:14 Being zealous of the unwritten traditions - Over and above those written in the law.
***Galatians 1:15 Who separated me from my mother’s womb - Him whom I acknowledge as the God of nature and the God of grace; who preserved me by his providence when I was a helpless infant, and saved me by his grace when I was an adult persecutor. For some useful remarks on these passages see the introduction, sec. 2.
Galatians 1:16 To reveal his Son in me - By the powerful operation of his Spirit, 2Co_4:6; as well as to me, by the heavenly vision. That I might preach him to others - Which I should have been ill qualified to do, had I not first known him myself. I did not confer with flesh and blood - Being fully satisfied of the divine will, and determined to obey, I took no counsel with any man, neither with my own reason or inclinations, which might have raised numberless objections.
Galatians 1:17 Neither did I go up to Jerusalem - The residence of the apostles. But I immediately went again into Arabia, and returned again to Damascus - He presupposes the journey to Damascus, in which he was converted, as being known to them all.
Galatians 1:18 Then after three years - Wherein I had given full proof of my apostleship. I went to visit Peter - To converse with him.
Galatians 1:19 But other of the apostles I saw none, save James the brother (that is, the kinsman) of the Lord - Therefore when Barnabas is said to have "brought him into the apostles," Act_9:27, only St. Peter and St James are meant.
***Galatians 1:20 Before God I lie not - This he speaks in reference to having seen only Peter and James at Jerusalem; and consequently to prove that he had not learned the Gospel from the assembly of the apostles at Jerusalem, nor consequently received his commission from them.
**Galatians 1:21 Afterward I came ... - In this account be has omitted a circumstance recorded by Luke Act_9:29, of the controversy which he had with the Grecians (Hellenists). It was not material to the purpose which he has here in view, which is to state that he was not indebted to the apostles for his knowledge of the doctrines of Christianity. He therefore merely states that he left Jerusalem soon after he went there, and traveled to other places. The regions of Syria - Syria was between Jerusalem and Cilicia. Antioch was the capital of Syria, and in that city and the adjacent places he spent considerable time; compare Act_15:23, Act_15:41. Cilicia - This was a province of Asia Minor, of which Tarsus, the native place of Paul, was the capital; see the note at Act_6:9.
***Galatians 1:22 And was unknown by face - I was not personally acquainted with any of the Churches of Judea; I was converted in another place, and had not preached the Gospel in any Christian congregation in that country; I knew only those at Jerusalem.
***Galatians 1:23 They had heard only - As a persecutor of the Church of Christ, I was well known; and as a convert to Christ I was not less so. The fame of both was great, even where I was personally unknown.
Galatians 1:24 In me - That is, on my account.
* Gills Commentaries ** Barnes Commentaries *** Clarke's Commentaries
All others by Wesley